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12.11.201308:36
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-12

id: 46725

date: 12/5/2005 11:37

refid: 05DUSHANBE1944

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

 

 

----------------- header ends ----------------

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001944

 

SIPDIS

 

 

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/5/2015

TAGS: MCAP, TI

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0013 06/AIDS, MEDICAL PERSONAL CARE, LEADERS DO

NOT (U)

 

 

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (a)

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

SIPDIS

 

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 6 947 0013 06.

 

COUNTRIES:  (U) TAJIKISTAN (TI)

 

IPSP:  (U) IFC1510, IFC1590, IFC2500, IFC1913, IFC2550, IFC2210.

 

 

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0013 06/AIDS, MEDICAL PERSONAL CARE, LEADERS

DO NOT (U)

 

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY

EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL NO

FOREIGN

 

--------------------------------------------- ---------

                DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

--------------------------------------------- ---------

 

DOI:  (U) 20051201

 

REQS: (U) GOSG181700104, GOSG181600403, DHCD111049, DHCD111054,

DHCD111044, DHCD045061,

 

SOURCE:  (C) //MEMBER USDAO DUSHANBE//MEMBER HAS AN ESTABLISHED

RELATIONSHIP WITH TAJIK MILITARY MEDICAL LEADERS. CONTEXT

STATEMENT-MILITARY MEDICAL LEADERS TEND TO BE MORE FRANK AND

OPEN REGARDING ISSUES THAT IMPACT THEIR WORK.  HOWEVER, MANY

MILITARY MEDICAL LEADERS ARE ISOLATED FROM THE DECISION PROCESS

IN THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE.

 

SUMMARY:  (C) MILITARY MEDICAL PERSONNEL IN THE MINISTRY OF

DEFENSE ARE DEVELOPING AN AGGRESSIVE PROGRAM TO CONFRONT THE

SPREAD OF AIDS.  HOWEVER, THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE LEADERSHIP

APPEARS UNINTERESTED, LEAVING MOST EFFORTS TO UNITED STATES

ASSISTANCE.

 

TEXT: 1.  (U) ON 1 DECEMBER, WORLD AIDS DAY, THE TAJIK MINISTRY

OF DEFENSE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT HOSTED AN AIDS

INFORMATIONAL/ENTERTAINMENT EVENT AT THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE

HEADQUARTERS.  RO AND THE UNITED STATES EMBASSY DEPUTY CHIEF OF

MISSION ATTENDED AND SPOKE DURING THE EVENT.  GENERAL MAJOR

((GRUDINA)), ONE OF THE DEPUTY MINISTERS OF DEFENSE, A NUMBER OF

SENIOR TAJIK MILITARY MEDICAL OFFICERS WERE ALSO IN ATTENDANCE

AND APPROXIMATELY 40 JUNIOR OFFICERS AND CIVILIANS FROM THE

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT AND FOREIGN RELATIONS DEPARTMENT WERE ALSO IN

ATTENDANCE.

 

2.  (C) MG GRUDINA OPENED THE EVENT WITH A SHORT FIVE- MINUTE

SPEECH THAT RECOGNIZED AIDS IS AN ISSUE OF CONCERN WITHIN THE

MINISTRY OF DEFENSE.  HE NOTED THAT HE WAS UNSURE OF THE LEVEL

OF THE THREAT AND POINTED OUT THAT TAJIKISTAN HAS LITTLE

EXPERIENCE DEALING WITH SUCH ISSUES. HE ACKNOWLEDGED THE

DISEASE IS SPREADING AND TAJIKISTAN NEEDS TO ENCOURAGE

PREVENTATIVE MEASURES.  MG GRUDINA THEN NOTED HE HAD AN

IMPORTANT MEETING WITH THE MINISTER AND NEEDED TO DEPART

QUICKLY.  [FIELD COMMENT: RO HAS HEARD MG GRUDINA SPECIFICALLY

STATE TO AN AMERICAN OFFICER THAT THE UNITED STATES PUTS TOO

MUCH EMPHASIS ON ITS AIDS PROGRAM WITH TAJIKISTAN.  HE STATED

THAT AIDS IS NOT AS SERIOUS AS THE U.S. PORTRAYS AND THE MONEY

WOULD BE BETTER SPENT ON OTHER ASSISTANCE.  MG GRUDINA WAS

CLEARLY UNCOMFORTABLE AT THE AIDS FORUM.]

 

3.  (U) FOLLOWING A SPEECH FROM THE UNITED STATES DEPUTY CHIEF

OF MISSION, COLONEL M.K. ((KIEMOVA)), DIRECTOR OF THE MOD

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT SPOKE.  AFTER STATING THE GLOBAL AIDS

SITUATION, COLONEL KIEMOVA NOTED THAT 500 TAJIKS ARE INFECTED

 

 

TODAY.  TAJIKISTAN NEEDS TO TAKE STRONGER MEASURES TO STEM THE

SPREAD, HE SAID.  HE EMPHASIZED THAT SOCIAL-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

IN TAJIKISTAN ARE HELPING TO INCREASE THE SPREAD OF AIDS.  HE

SAID THE USE OF ILLEGAL NARCOTICS IS THE PRIMARY CONDUIT BY

WHICH AIDS IS SPREAD.  THE GOVERNMENT OF TAJIKISTAN HAS DIRECTED

THROUGH SOCIAL LAWS THAT THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE CONDUCT

PREVENTATIVE MEASURES AGAINST THE SPREAD OF AIDS.  HE POINTED

OUT THAT IN THE LAST TWO YEARS THE MOD HAS INCREASED ITS

PREVENTATIVE MEASURES WITH THE HELP OF DONOR NATIONS, ESPECIALLY

THE UNITED STATES.  HE ADDED THAT THE CENTRAL MILITARY HOSPITAL

AND THE UNITED STATES EMBASSY ARE WORKING HARD TO FURTHER EXPAND

THE PROGRAM.  THE RESULTS OF THIS COOPERATION HAS BEEN THE

TRAINING OF DOCTORS, LAB TECHNICIANS AND NURSES IN PREVENTATIVE,

TESTING AND CARE.  THE HOSPITAL IS WORKING HARD TO TEST MORE

SOLDIERS AND IDENTIFY THOSE NOT ALREADY TESTED.  THE HOSPITAL

AND MEDICAL DEPARTMENT ARE LEADING THE MOD'S EFFORTS, AND THEIR

EFFORTS CONTINUE TO EXPAND.

 

4.  (U) COL ((USMANOVA)), DIRECTOR OF THE CENTRAL TAJIK MILITARY

HOSPITAL PROVIDED A BRIEFING ON THE MOD'S SPECIFIC PROGRAMS.

THE BRIEFING STARTED NOTING THAT HIV IS SPREADING IN TAJIKISTAN

AND IT IS A PROBLEM THE MOD MUST ADDRESS AND IS DOING SO.  THE

MOD IS CREATING AN ELEMENT WITHIN THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

DEDICATED TO HIV EDUCATION AND TRAINING. THE MOD IS WORKING TO

CREATE LABARATORIES AT EACH MAJOR TRAINING BASE.  THE MOD IS

PARTICIPATING IN THE TAJIK GOVERNMENT'S STRATEGIC THREE-YEAR

PLAN.  THE FACT THAT MOST MILITARY ACTIVITY AND MOBILIZATIONS

INVOLVE YOUNG SOLDIERS, HIV IS A SPECIAL CONCERN OF THE MOD.

THE MOD'S EDUCATION PROGRAM ATTEMPTS TO INFLUENCE SOLDIERS TO

UNDERSTAND HIV, ITS CAUSES AND AVOID DISCRIMINATING

AGAINST/HARASSING THOSE WITH HIV. IN CLOSING, THE BRIEFING

HIGHLIGHTED THAT SOLDIERS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD ARE DEPLOYED INTO

AREAS WHERE THE RISK OF HIV IS VERY HIGH.  COL USMANOVA ADDED

THAT THE TAJIK MILITARY MUST BE BETTER EDUCATED AND BETTER

PREPARED, BUT PROGRESS IS BEING MADE.

 

4.  (C) FOLLOWING THE DIRECTOR'S SPEECH THE AUDIENCE ENJOYED A

FEW ENTERTAINMENT EVENTS SPONSORED BY LOCAL STUDENT GROUPS AND

NGOS.  AFTER THE EVENTS A SELECT NUMBER OF ATTENDEES ENJOYED THE

TYPICAL LARGE TAJIK LUNCH.  DURING THE LUNCH IN RESPONSE TO A

FEW QUESTIONS FROM RO, COLONEL KIEMOVA NOTED THAT THE MOD STILL

NEEDS MORE FUNDS TO SPREAD THE INFORMATION OUT TO THE FIELD.  HE

THANKED RO A NUMBER OF TIMES FOR THE UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE

PROGRAMS, AND NOTED HOW LITTLE WOULD BE DONE IN THE MOD WITHOUT

THIS ASSISTANCE.  HE SAID THAT WHILE IT IS HARD TO GET THE MOD

TO TAKE THE SPREAD OF AIDS SERIOUSLY, HE FELT PROGRESS WAS BEING

MADE.  AFTER RO'S COMMENT, HE HOPED TO TAKE SOME OF THE

ENTERTAINMENT ACTS ON THE ROAD TO SUPPORT THEIR AWARENESS

PROGRAM, BUT NOTED AGAIN THAT THE MOD NEEDS MORE FUNDS TO DO

THIS RIGHT.

 

COMMENTS: 1. (C) FIELD COMMENT: RO WAS SURPRISED AT THE QUALITY

AND EFFORT DISPLAYED DURING THIS MOD-SPONSORED EVENT.  RO

UNDERSTANDING OF MOD AIDS PREVENTION PRIOR TO THIS EVENT WAS

LIMITED TO A FEW DISCUSSIONS WITH SENIOR LEADERS IN THE MOD WHO

DO NOT RECOGNIZE AIDS AS A PROBLEM. THE MOD MEDICAL DEPARTMENT

AND THE HOSPITAL ARE CLEARLY ENGAGED IN TRYING TO EXPAND THE

MINISTRY'S AIDS AWARENESS AND TESTING PROGRAMS.  HOWEVER, DURING

THE EVENT RO SAW THE MAJORITY OF TAJIKS UNCOMFORTABLE WITH THE

SUBJECT MATTER DISCUSSED.  ONE SKIT INCLUDED SIMULATING PUTTING

A CONDOM ON, TO WHICH THE MAJORITY PRESENT FIDGETED AND GIGGLED.

 WHILE MOST TAJIKS ARE CONSIDERED SECULAR MUSLIMS, THE SUBJECT

OF AIDS PREVENTION IS DIFFICULT TO DISCUSS.  IN ADDITION,

PROBABLY 90 PERCENT OF THOSE IN ATTENDANCE WERE FROM THE MEDICAL

DEPARTMENT OR CENTRAL MILITARY HOSPITAL. THE OTHERS IN

ATTENDANCE WERE MOSTLY FROM THE FOREIGN RELATIONS DEPARTMENT.

THIS EVENT ON WORLD AIDS AWARENESS DAY IN THE MOD HEADQUARTERS

LACKED THE PRESENCE OF MOD LEADERSHIP AND NON-MEDICAL SOLDIERS

AND LEADERS.  GIVEN NEARLY THE ENTIRE EVENT WAS FUNDED BY U.S.

ASSISTANCE, IT APPEARS THE AIDS PROGRAM IN THE MOD HAS VERY

LIMITED EXPOSURE AT THIS TIME. THE DIRECTOR'S COMMENT THAT

 

 

APPROXIMATELY 500 TAJIKS ARE INFECTED WITH HIV IS WELL BELOW

MOST INTERNATIONAL FIGURES.

 

2.  (U)  HEADQUARTERS COMMENT.  REQUEST ORIGINATOR OF CITED

REQUIREMENTS AND INTERESTED CONSUMERS PUBLISH AN EVALUATION OF

THIS IIR IAW CHAPTER 13, DIAM 58-12, OR SUBMIT EVALUATION INPUT

USING THE FORM LOCATED ON THE DHO- 2 WEB PAGE ON SIPRNET

(HTTP://DO.DIA.SMIL.MIL/DHO2/EVALFORM/EVAL.HT ML) OR JWICS

(HTTP://DH.DIA.IC.GOV/DHO2/EVALFORM/EVALFORM. HTML) DHO-2 WILL

PUBLISH THE INPUT AS AN IIR EVALUATION.

 

3.  (U) SOURCE IS AVAILABLE FOR FURTHER CONTACT.

 

4.  (U) DIRECT ANY QUESTIONS CONCERNING THIS IIR TO DIA/DHO-2 AT

STU III (202) 231-7299, OR DSN 428-7299.

 

COLL: (U) AB.

INSTR:  (U) U.S.  NO.

PREP:  (U) 6-04708.

ENCL: (U) NONE.

ACQ:  (U)  GARMISCH, GERMANY (20051201)

DISSEM:  (U)  FIELD: EMBASSY AT DUSHANBE.

WARNING:  (U) REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL

DRVD FM: DHS HUMINT SCG OCT 04

DECL ON:  20151201

HOAGLAND

 

 

NNNN

 

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

 

 

id: 46805

date: 12/6/2005 9:18

refid: 05DUSHANBE1947

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

 

 

----------------- header ends ----------------

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001947

 

SIPDIS

 

 

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/ACE, SA, DRL, S/P

NSC FOR MERKEL

 

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/6/2015

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINR, EAID, KDEM, RS, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIK GOVERNMENT-WESTERN NGO ROUNDTABLE:  ATTENDANCE HIGH,

EXPECTATIONS RESTRAINED

 

 

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard E. Hoagland, Ambassador, EXEC, Embassy

Dushanbe.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

 

1.  (SBU) What looked like a routine meeting was a small

breakthrough for Tajikistan's development community.  The

December 2 roundtable discussion of donors, NGOs and government

was the first time all three groups came together on any

subject, let alone the sensitive issues of NGO intentions,

registration and visa issuance. The dialogue remained

relatively benign and predictable but the event demonstrated a

good faith effort on the part of the Tajik government, sending

eight representatives including Deputy Minister of Justice

Rustam Mengliyev, and showed the Tajiks that a united front of

donors and the NGO community expect more transparent, consistent

visa and registration procedures.

 

2.  (SBU) The turnout for the event was exceptional, with an

overflow crowd that could not be accommodated with enough

headsets for translation. Government turnout was gratifyingly

strong.  As expected, the government held the party line about

visa issuances, repeating that the normal time frame was 14-30

days, but technical difficulties (read: sloppy paperwork) can

lead to longer waits.  Despite having an open floor and myriad

individual complaints about the visas process, the NGOs kept

relatively quiet on the visa front. Only the EU representative

pressed the consular representative about the inconsistent

issuances for EU consultants and NGO workers.  Bakhram

Kholnozarov, consular department head, demurred, claiming that

Tajik law dictated visa policy but they followed those

regulations precisely.  Later, the Tajiks admitted there were

some "negative cases," referring obliquely to the politically

charged cases like NDI which have dragged on for months.

 

3.  (SBU) NDI seized the opportunity to make their case publicly

when the discussion turned to registration.  NDI Country

Director Gegham Sargsyan asked why designated Ministry of

Justice (MoJ) points of contact had refused their calls.

Mengliyev acted surprised and said his door was always open when

issues arose.  The Director would not back down until he had a

fairly firm assurance of a meeting with a decisionmaker.  Other

NGOs reported successfully re-registering within one month.  The

MoJ reviewed the laws that required many NGOs to re-register,

and acknowledged that there were at times conflicting

regulations and requirements.  The Tajiks would not comment on

the draft law that would require all NGOs to re-register (based

on the similar Russian draft law), although ABA/CEELI raised the

question.  Another Tajik official from the Presidency's Aid

Coordination Unit (ACU) agreed that the NGOS reporting

requirements to the government could be streamlined.

 

4.  (SBU) More than 60 people crowded the UN conference room for

the 90-minute discussion.  On the Tajik side, four

representatives from the MFA, including the head and deputy of

the consular sections, Deputy Minister of Justice Rustam

Mengliyev, representatives of the Ministry of Customs and State

Revenues and ACU.  From the donors, the EU, UN, British, French

and German embassies attended, as did a large number of USAID

and State Embassy officers. Dushanbe's NGO forum, a

representative body of 40 international NGOs turned out in

force, and their Chairman, Mercy Corps Director Gary Burniske,

gave introductory comments highlighting the role of NGOs and the

significant and varied projects they carried out, both

humanitarian and developmental across all sectors.  Meg Luckins,

project team leader for the British-funded Supporting the

Development of Third Party Arbitration Courts moderated the

 

 

discussion and skillfully drew the Tajik participants into the

discussion without backing them into a corner.

 

5.  (SBU) Although some non-Tajik participants privately

expressed frustration about the futility of such a meeting, many

NGOs were grateful to come to the table with the government for

the first time.  At the conclusion, the government agreed to

coordinate with the NGO forum to form two working groups to

address visa issues and registration procedures.  There was also

some time after the meeting for individual NGOs to work their

issues "offline."

 

6.  (SBU) COMMENT:  In a country where government officials

regularly dodge phone calls and avoid meetings, having officials

available to answer unscripted questions was a gratifying step

forward.  No one could expect the government to admit to willful

delays on visas or intentional interference on registration, no

matter what the truth behind the recent problems.  Whether or

not the pledges of cooperation, communication, and open doors

were sincere, several well-connected government officials made

such offers in front of a large audience, and Post intends to

work to hold them to their word. However, convincing the

leadership of NGOs' good intentions for Tajikistan remains an

ongoing challenge for all donors.  When queried about the

meeting several days later, North America desk officer

Nasredinov said it was a good step forward for a first meeting,

and he encouraged further working group interaction.

 

7.  (C) COMMENT CONTINUED:  As pleased as we were with this

meeting, we know smoothing the path for Western NGOs in

Tajikistan will be an uphill battle. The Ministry of Security,

in cahoots with hard-line, anti-Western Russian intelligence

advisers, is determined to limit the Western presence and

influence in Tajikistan to the greatest extent possible.  At the

same time, we have reformists in the various parts of the

government who are rooting for the West and doing what they can

to help.  In fact, the idea for this roundtable came from one of

the best young reformers.  Atop it all sits President Rahmonov

whom we still believe is generally a reformer at heart, but who

has to work hard not to fall off his high-wire while he tries to

keep both the Kremlin and the West relatively satisfied.  END

COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

 

 

NNNN

 

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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