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18.11.201310:25
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-14

id: 47613

date: 12/14/2005 13:16

refid: 05DUSHANBE2038

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS  DUSHANBE 002038

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, ELAB, SMIG, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIK GOVT INSISTS PASSPORT DECISION REVERSAL PRACTICAL NOT

POLITICS

1.  (SBU)  SUMMARY:  Tajikistan orders Tajiks to use

international passports when traveling to Russia despite an

Eurasian Economic Community (EEC) agreement permitting citizens

to travel using internal passports.  This affects up to one

million labor migrants who do not have the expensive

international passport.  Tajikistan believes the use of an

international passport will help to curb harassment from foreign

border and law enforcement officials.  Press reports claim they

are also responding to pressure from Russian parliamentarians

looking to reduce the number of Tajiks in Russia.  Regardless of

the type of identification, migrant workers face harassment,

discrimination and hardship working in Russia.  END SUMMARY.

2.  (SBU)  PolOff met with Amirsho, a Tajik labor migrant

traveling to Russia for 10 years who has worked on construction

sites in Moscow and Novosibirsk.  His employers pay him $500 a

month for backbreaking work, digging wells and constructing

walls.  In the past, he and other migrants have lived on the

open construction sites where they worked with no heating or

running water.  Now he shares a small flat with other migrants.

Amirsho now faces a much more difficult time traveling between

Russia and Tajikistan.

3.  (SBU)  The mandatory use of international passports for

Tajik citizens to travel to Russia is a practical decision made

in the best interest of Tajik citizens, not a political one,

insists Igor Sattarov, Head of the Information Department of the

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in a meeting with PolOff.   Members

of the EEC: Russia, Tajikistan, Kyrgystan, Kazakhstan, and

Belarus agreed to allow citizens to travel through each country

with only their internal domestic passports, effective November

1.  Although not legally required, Tajikistan is now "strongly

encouraging" its citizens to travel with international

passports.  News sources report state-owned Tajikistan Airlines

refused passengers entry onto flights without international

passports.

4.  (SBU)  Tajik international passports cost approximately $30.

 For most Tajiks, $30 is their average monthly salary and an

international passport is prohibitively expensive.   In

addition, illegal migrants who are already out of Tajikistan

cannot apply for a passport in their host country.  This new

government directive affects the estimated one million Tajiks

who travel to Russia for work.  Remittances from labor migrants

contribute to 15% of the Tajik economy.  Restrictive conditions

not permitting labor migrants to work could have a notable

impact on the economy.

KEEPING TAJIK CITIZENS INTERESTS IN MIND

5.  (SBU)  A long negotiation over a list of acceptable travel

documents began in February 2004.  In January 2005, Russia

insisted that Tajiks needed international passports to enter

Russia.  However, they relented when Tajikistan reciprocated and

refused Russian citizens entry without international passports.

A renegotiation began and in October the EEC agreed that

internal passports could be used for international travel.

Despite protests from Russia's Duma, the Russian government

upholds the policy.

6.  (SBU)  Contrary to news reports, Sattorov insists the Duma's

criticism is not the main factor in Tajikistan's decision.

Sattorov explained the government recommends foreign travel with

international passports because it is concerned Tajiks,

particularly labor migrants would face problems while traveling

through Kyrgystan and Kazakhstan where some have been refused

entry in the past without international passports.  Although

permissible, uninformed border officials may use the lack of an

international passport to bribe or harass travelers.  Sattorov

also noted that Tajikistan worries Russia will change its mind

once again and decide to officially require international

passports.

HARD WORK IN RUSSIA IS BETTER THAN IN TAJIKISTAN

7.  (SBU)  Most Tajik migrant workers are laborers on

construction sites, in factories or on farms.  About 25% are

professionals engaged in trade, education or law enforcement.  A

slim group, about 3%, according to Embassy estimates, is

involved with criminal gangs.

8.  (SBU)  Most migrants live and work in Russia illegally.

Regulations stipulate registered migrant workers must pay 33% of

their salary to the government.  Employers also have to pay

taxes, therefore it is not beneficial for either to register.

Because of their illegal status, migrants cannot report crimes

committed against them to the police and must pay out of pocket

for medical services.

9.  (SBU)  Traveling to Russia is difficult.  Without an

international passport, militia and train inspectors are able to

extract bribes easily.  After arriving in Russia, life does not

get any better.  The Russia militia consistently beat and bribe

Tajik migrant workers.  Russian police have even stolen money

from Amirsho and his fellow Tajik migrant colleagues.  Sometimes

the police raid the living quarters of migrant workers, accuse

them of an arbitrary crime and fine them or threaten them with

imprisonment.  Amirsho's family is concerned for his safety and

does not want him to return to Russia.  Recent rumors of

"skinheads" attacking migrants raise fears in the community.

10.  (SBU)  When asked if all the hard work, harassment, and

physical and mental distress were worth it, Amirsho replied with

a resolute, "Yes."  Although traveling to and working in Russia

is difficult, the financial rewards and benefits of supporting a

family outweigh the individual costs.

11.  (SBU)  COMMENT:  Tajik migrant workers, whether registered

or illegal, are subject to discrimination in Russia.  The Duma's

objection to the use of internal passports may inflame

mistreatment of migrant workers.  However, migrant workers will

still flock to Russia and other CIS countries for the financial

opportunities, regardless of passport requirements.

12.  (SBU)  Russia's and Tajikistan's migrant labor and illegal

immigration woes are much like the challenges faced by the

United States and Mexico.  While a difficult political issue for

all four countries, a dialogue on the issue could be beneficial

to all sides, especially if Parliamentarians and U.S.

Congressional representatives are involved.

END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 47722

date: 12/15/2005 8:27

refid: 05DUSHANBE2039

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002039

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, DRL

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KPAO, TI, MIlitary assistance

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  BOMB SUITS TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS UNIT

1.  They weigh over 70 pounds, but the Kevlar inside may someday

save the life of a Tajik bomb squad first responder. On 14

December, the Charge' turned over 2 bomb suits to the "OMON"

Special Operations Unit in Dushanbe.  Each suit costs just over

$24,000.  This effort was as a result of an Embassy bomb scare

in June 2005.  OMON responded immediately, but with no

protective gear whatsoever.  The ceremony culminated a six month

effort on the part of Diplomatic Security and the Regional

Security Officer to fix the problem.  The Charge' also thanked

the unit for their support of the Embassy with regular bomb-dog

sweeps.

2.  The bomb suits are very cumbersome as well as being very

high-tech.  According to the DS Anti-Terrorism Assistance

Program trainers, the Tajik team was one of the best they've

trained to date, learning to don the equipment faster and

executing the drills faster than their counterparts in the

region.  They also have excellent stamina, as evidenced by the

demonstrator that stood wearing the suit for over an hour before

walking 100 yards to take the suit off.

3.  These suits will ensure that next time, and we hope there is

not a "next time," the OMON team will be ready and properly

equipped.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48020

date: 12/19/2005 4:50

refid: 05DUSHANBE2050

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 002050

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

NSC FOR MERKEL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/19/2015

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, TI, Internal Politics

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN'S PROPOSED LAW RESTRICTS NGOS' RIGHTS AND

ACTIVITIES

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard Hoagland, Ambassador, Dushanbe,

Tajikistan, Department of State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (C)  The Tajik government is debating a law aimed to control

NGO activities that could threaten the legal status of

international NGOs.  The Embassy received a draft copy of the

Law On Public Organizations (Associations) leaked to the Soros

Foundation.  The Foundation also provided the Embassy with a

legal analysis of the draft law.  The law, drafted by the

Ministry of Justice and submitted to the lower Chamber of

Parliament on November 30, would replace an existing Law on

Public Associations enacted May 23, 1998.  The government,

hopeful the law can be quietly passed without dissent, has

deliberately kept information about the Law from the public.

2.  (C)  The Soros Foundation believes the government is

convinced that international NGOs instigated CIS color

revolutions, and fears NGOs in Tajikistan will ignite a

revolution here.

3.  (C)  The Foundation opines the new law would  "seriously

damage the democratization process of the country and formation

of civil society".  The following are important changes to the

law with adverse effects on NGOs' abilities to function in

Tajikistan.

-Local NGOs will not be able to participate in elections.  The

original law permitted NGOs to participate in election

campaigns, however, the new draft law eliminates this provision.

 NGOs would be unable to nominate or support candidates.

-NGOs would be prohibited from using the word "political" or any

form of the word in their title.

-The Ministry of Justice would continue to have registration

authority over NGOs.  The draft law, expected to be enacted in

January 2007, requires all NGOs previously registered to be

re-registered by March 2007.  NGOs must submit annual and

quarterly reports to the MOJ.  Many NGOs already have technical

problems with the Ministry of Justice and cite examples of

bribery and corruption.

-The government would tighten its financial control.  NGOs would

have to report to the State Committee on Taxes and other tax and

financial agencies.  The Foundation points out excess demand for

information, including financial activities, from the government

violates the constitutional principle of self-governance and

financial independence of public associations.

-NGO leaders and members would be liable for NGO activities.  If

prosecuted they would be treated as leaders of criminal

organizations.  Soros believes this addition is designed to

instill fear and obedience in leaders and members.

-The draft law does not address the legal status of

international NGOs.  Technically, international NGOs only set up

branches and representational affiliations in country and their

main judicial office is outside of Tajikistan.  The current law

allows judicial entities to set up NGOs in Tajikistan.  However

the new law stipulates that only physical entities (persons) may

legally establish a public organization.  Since judicial

entities and foreign citizens cannot set up NGOs, that leaves

little room to legalize international NGOs.

-Although it does not address the legal status of international

NGOs, it stipulates their branches and affiliates must be

accredited by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

4.  (C)  COMMENT:  This new draft law coincides with a similar

law initiated by Nazarbaev in Kazakhstan as well as the

restrictive NGO law introduced in Russia.  Such timeliness shows

the Russian government is instructing regional governments to

control NGO activities, thereby limiting Western influence.

5.  (C) No official copy of the draft law has been publicized

and there are rumors the law is still changing.  As it stands

now, the law jeopardizes NGOs, their personnel and members'

security.  Broad stipulations allow the government to easily

convict opposition NGO personnel.  This law would scare some

NGOs away from Tajikistan or technically preclude NGOs from

operating.  The draft law prohibits NGOs from carrying out their

mission and assisting in the social and economic development of

Tajikistan, particularly democracy and human rights focused

NGOs.

END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48055

date: 12/19/2005 12:16

refid: 05DUSHANBE2052

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 05BUDAPEST12

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002052

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR ISN/ECC - PVANSON, ACHURCH, ACUMMINGS

DEPT FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/ACE

CBP/INA FOR PWARKER, BPICKETT

USDOE/NNSN FOR TPERRY

DOC FOR PETERSEN - BEARD

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: ETTC, KNNP, KSTC, MNUC, PARM, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN WMD EXECUTIVE SEMINAR IN BUDAPEST

1.  SUMMARY:  The Tajikistan Weapons of Mass Destruction

executive seminar held in Budapest 12-17 December ended Friday

with mixed reviews.  Although the seminar was an opportunity to

assess Tajikistan's ability to combat the proliferation of WMD

and exchange information, some Tajiks complained directly to the

Foreign Minister about the accommodations and the organization

of the seminar.   The seminar allowed Tajik officials from a

number of ministries, the President's office and Parliament to

examine the situation realistically and highlight areas needing

assistance.   The meeting concluded with a useful "roadmap," but

left open key questions such as funding for aviation support.

PRESENTATIONS AND PERSPECTIVES

2.  Presentations focused on U.S., European, and NATO

perspectives on combating proliferation of weapons of mass

destruction.  Most briefings were very well-received and

captured the threat and measures taken to prevent proliferation.

 The briefings on crisis management, legal foundation,

international organizations involved in combating WMD, and

in-country programs were rated as "very insightful and useful."

Unfortunately, the briefing by the International Atomic Energy

Agency (IAEA) focused on areas outside the scope of Tajikistan

and the briefer was unable to satisfactorily answer any of the

Tajik-specific questions presented to him.  Embassy officers

received several complaints after this briefing.  The

presentation was ill-suited for the both the high-level policy

makers and the working level officials.

FIRST IMPRESSIONS ARE LASTING IMPRESSIONS

3.  After traveling for 20 hours (with a seven hour, thirty

minute layover in the Munich Airport) the delegates were met by

the ICP organizers and put on a bus to the International Law

Enforcement Academy (ILEA).  Once at the academy, they were

assigned dormitory rooms, some two to a room, which lacked some

hotel basics, such as televisions.  Although these rooms were

standard for law enforcement students, they were not what deputy

ministers, parliamentarians, presidential advisors, and deputy

commanders expected from an "executive seminar," particularly

after Department of Defense's Dr. Harlan Strauss and the DTRA

team talked up the seminar during their September visit to

Dushanbe.  Strauss had insisted on only senior level decision

makers attending.  (COMMENT:  It should also be noted that

several embassy officers worked their personal contacts to

ensure senior attendance.  END COMMENT)

4.  The Parliamentarians were particularly vocal in expressing

their displeasure in the seminar and its organization.  The

party returned to Dushanbe on Saturday evening and at 0930

Monday morning, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the

Embassy, advising that some Parliamentarians had already called

the Foreign Minister to express their dissatisfaction.  While

some of the comments were unfounded, there were several

legitimate complaints.

EVERY CLOUD HAS A SILVER LINING

5.  The last day of the seminar produced a "roadmap" for

assistance for Tajikistan.  The discussion was intense at some

points but the group prioritized a list of possible assistance

that could be offered by the ICP program.  The roadmap follows a

critical path approach to strengthening Tajikistan's ability to

combat proliferation of WMD through training and equipping.

(COMMENT:  One of the points introduced on the roadmap was

aviation units for the Border Guards and Ministry of Emergency

Situations.  We have discussed this point in the past, and

concluded that aviation is not presently sustainable in

Tajikistan, however the ICP organizers told Embassy officers

that this would be an OSD decision and left it on the roadmap.

Embassy Dushanbe looks forward to OSD's response.  END COMMENT).

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48173

date: 12/20/2005 12:11

refid: 05DUSHANBE2062

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 05STATE225860

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002062

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KDEM, KPAO, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN: `SEEKING PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR IRAQ ELECTION

TALKING POINTS DELIVERED

REF: STATE 225860

1.  (U)  PolOff delivered talking points per State 225860,

'Seeking Public Support for December 15 Iraq Election' to

Ismatullo Nasredinov, Head of the Department of European and

American Countries at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs December

20.  Nasredinov promised to pass the information along to the

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Talbak Nazarov.  Nasredinov will

also recommend that the Tajik Parliament issue a statement of

political support and congratulations to the Iraqi people on a

successful election.

2.  (U)  The Tajik State media reported the Iraqi elections and

continues to include events in Iraq on the evening international

news.  Tajik media does not have correspondents in Iraq,

however, they source footage and news from BBC and Russian

channels.  Post continues to seek opportunities to share U.S.

views on events in Iraq with host governments and the media.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48174

date: 12/20/2005 12:24

refid: 05DUSHANBE2063

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002063

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN: TOWN AND GOWN CLASH OR YOUTH FRUSTRATION WITH

FUTURE PROSPECTS?

1.  (U)  Police arrested five people December 16 after two days

of physical clashes between urban and rural youth in the

northern city of Khujand.  Local youth started a fight with

Khujand State University students from the rural Mastchoh

district in a public billiards hall on December 13.  The

Mastchoh students attempted to retaliate by calling in

compatriots from the Mastchoh district.   The two groups

scheduled a confrontation for the next day at a local market.

Police brought in additional militia to prevent a violent

outburst.   Some 50 young people threw stones at the police cars

and quickly dispersed.

2.  (U)  Mastchoh, 55 kilometers north of Khujand, relies on

cotton as the primary income.  Unemployment in Mastchoh is

higher than the national average and many men migrate to Russia

for work.  Khujandis have traditionally been the region's

economic and political leaders and enjoy greater economic

prosperity than Mastchoh.

3.  (U)  COMMENT:  Given the history of the region, Embassy

sources speculate young men are frustrated by increased

unemployment.  Provocations from Khujandis may have fueled anger

based on regional prejudices and stereotypes.  Although

authorities managed to avert a violent clash this time,

unemployment creates a growing atmosphere of frustration and

lack of hope in Tajikistan's future among the young.  With 52

percent of all Tajiks under the age of 19, this is a sector of

the population that the government must attend to closely.  END

COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48180

date: 12/20/2005 12:48

refid: 05DUSHANBE2064

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 05DUSHANBE1001

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002064

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, TI, Human Rights

SUBJECT: TAJIK JOURNALIST RELEASED FROM PRISON

REF: A) DUSHANBE 927, B) DUSHANBE 1001

1.  (U)  Prison authorities in Istaravshan released Jumaboy

Tolibov December 16 after several months of legal wrangling.

Sabit Azamov, the Ayni district's General Prosecutor, ordered

Tolibov's arrest on April 24.  As the chairman of the Ayni

district's legal department, Tolibov published commentaries in

local newspapers alleging the local prosecutor Sabit Azamov

assaulted him and criticized the prosecutor's office for

refusing to investigate the incident.  On July 28 he was

sentenced to two years in prison for charges of hooliganism,

trespassing and abusing his office as a local government

administrator.

2.  (U)  The trial was allegedly unfairly conducted with

contradictory witness statements.  After the defense appealed,

the Supreme Court released Tolibov on October 11.  However, the

Prosecutor General's Office blocked the release by filing an

appeal.  (NOTE: In Tajikistan, the Prosecutors enjoy enormous

powers, including the ability to overturn judgments. END NOTE)

The Supreme Court rejected the appeal and once again ordered

Tolibov's release November 28.  Although the Supreme Court had

issued the order, prison authorities refused to free Tolibov

until the formal letter arrived at the detention center via the

notoriously slow Tajik postal system.

3.  (U)  The U.S.-funded NGO Internews obtained the official

document signed December 9 and sent it to Tolibov's brother who

presented it to regional authorities.  The morning of Tolibov's

release, Alain Couanon, Head of the Organization for Security

and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) visited Tolibov in prison and

met with the director of the detention center and

representatives of the Ministry of Justice.  Couanon expressed

concern that Tolibov was still imprisoned despite a Supreme

Court order for his release.  Tolibov was free several hours

later.

4.  (U)  COMMENT:  Since Tolibov's arrest, many journalists,

NGOs, and diplomatic missions have made public and private

statements condemning his arrest and the violation of freedom of

speech rights.  The Supreme Court's decision to reject the

General Prosecutor's Office's appeal and order the release of

Tolibov is a promising sign that the government does have some

checks and balances and adheres to the legal process.  However,

his arrest and delay in release shows the General Prosecutor's

Office power and the Prosecutor's tendency to use the law for

political and personal goals.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48383

date: 12/22/2005 6:13

refid: 05DUSHANBE2083

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination: 05DUSHANBE1732

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 002083

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

NSC FOR MERKEL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/22/2015

TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN MIN OF SECURITY CLOSELY WATCHES INDEPENDENT

MEDIA

REF: DUSHANBE 1732

CLASSIFIED BY: Thomas Armbruster, Charge d' Affaires, Dushanbe,

Tajikistan, Department of State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (C)  The Tajik government may be ratcheting up its already

successful efforts to limit freedom of speech.  National

Association of Independent Mass Media in Tajikistan (NANSMIT)

chairman, Nuriddin Karshiboev confided to Poloff December 16

that his contacts at the Ministry of Security--- his former

employer-said ministry employees complained about NANSMIT during

a staff meeting.  In response to NANSMIT's criticism of the

government crackdown on mass media and free speech, the Minister

himself ordered his staff to investigate the organization.   He

has also threatened to ban NANSMIT for their statements.

2.  (SBU)  Unfazed by MoS threats, Karshiboev noted NANSMIT

fully complies with all regulations and any attempt to ban

NANSMIT would be illegal.  However, government pressure has had

its consequences; Karshiboev claimed certain international NGOs

refused to fund NANSMIT projects due to government crackdown on

independent media.

3.  (U)  NANSMIT recently called government policies a return to

Soviet-era censorship.  The organization particularly criticized

the government's recent revision of the Law on Publishing

Business, passed by parliament in November.  The change mandates

all editorial offices and publishers deliver a copy of new

publications prior to distribution to the Ministry which

registered the organization, (either the Ministry of Justice if

the media organization is its own entity, or the Ministry of

Culture if the publication is affiliated with another

organization).

4.  (SBU)  COMMENT:  NANSMIT represents Tajikistan's only true

media watchdog organization, and even it toes a careful line in

its regular electronic publications so as not to incur the

authorities' wrath.  Gearing up for next fall's presidential

election, the government has all but suspended registration of

new media organizations, unless they are state-sponsored, and

keeps a keen eye on mass media reporting.  While the MoS has yet

to make an open or official investigation of NANSMIT, the rumors

of MoS intimidation fit into the growing pattern of governmental

interference in the media.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48384

date: 12/22/2005 6:38

refid: 05DUSHANBE2084

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002084

SIPDIS

FOR EUR/CACEN

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: OPDC, TI

SUBJECT: PRESIDENTIAL HOLIDAY GREETING CARDS

Post has received the following holiday greeting cards which are

being sent to the Department for onward transmission:

President Rahmonov to President Bush

Begin text:  Happy New Year, President of the Republic of

Tajikistan, E. Rahmonov. End Text.

Prime Minister Akilov to President Bush

Begin text:  Happy New Year, Prime Minister of the Republic of

Tajikistan, A. Akilov.  End text

President Rahmonov to Mr. Andrew Natsios, USAID

Begin text:  Happy New Year, President of the Republic of

Tajikistan, E. Rahmonov.  End text.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48535

date: 12/23/2005 10:58

refid: 05DUSHANBE2090

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination: 05DUSHANBE1919|05DUSHANBE2013

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 002090

SIPDIS

C O R R E C T E D  C O P Y  (ADDING TAGS)

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/23/2015

TAGS: PREL, ECON, ENRG, TI, TDA, Hydropower and Energy, Economics and Trade

SUBJECT: "WITHOUT THE US, ROGUN WILL NOT BE BUILT":  TAJIK

ENERGY MINISTER

REF: A) DUSHANBE 2013  B)  DUSHANBE 1919

CLASSIFIED BY: Thomas Armbruster, Charge d'Affaires, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (C) The United States and AES still have significant roles

to play in Tajikistan's hydropower sector.  Tajik Minister of

Energy Jurabek Nurmamatov told PolOff rumors of RusAl dominating

the Rogun project did not reflect the Ministry's position or the

Tajik government's.  RusAl had taken only a preliminary step by

committing to a third of the project.  He dismissed as

unimportant a recent news report regarding a strictly

Russian-Tajik commission to determine Rogun's cost and

inventory, noting the State Committee for Management of

State-owned property, and not the MoE, was behind the new body.

"As far as we are concerned, without the United States, Rogun

will never be built."  MoE has more political clout that the

State Committee.

2.  (C) Rogun will be an international project, he emphasized,

involving the World Bank, AES, the European Bank for

Reconstruction and Development and other international partners,

to export electricity to Afghanistan and Pakistan.  Nurmamatov

regarded the January 12 meeting in Islamabad to draft a

Memorandum of Understanding (reftel A) as the point to clarify

RusAl and AES's roles in the project.  Furthermore, he saw a

role for AES in Sangtuda, likely in the construction the

high-voltage transmission lines.

3.  (C) COMMENT:  Nurmamatov's comments downplay recent rumors

about Oleg Deripaska and RusAl's involvement in Rogun, and

reinforce President Rahmonov's recent message to the Ambassador

(reftel B) that the United States will be a key player.  Whether

the Tajiks are telling the Russians something different about

Rogun remains an open question.

4. (C) COMMENT CONTINUED:  Speaking cheerfully and frankly,

Nurmamatov was all business and no small talk.  He answered

PolOff's questions directly and completely, but did not engage

in wider discussions of energy or the economy.  Embassy staff

who have met with him previously say he is accessible and open,

but always to the point.  END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48542

date: 12/23/2005 11:48

refid: 05DUSHANBE2092

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002092

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KDEM, KPAO, TI, Internal Politics

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN POLITICAL PARTIES UNDERGO CHANGES TO PREPARE FOR

2006 ELECTIONS

IRPT HOLDS ROUNDTABLE TO DISCUSS REFORMS

1.  (U)  In a show of possibly implementing major party reforms,

on December 20 the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan (IRPT)

held a roundtable to solicit opinions from political scientists,

government officials and other political parties on the role of

the IRPT in society.  The Democratic Party of Tajikistan's (DPT)

Deputy Chairman voiced common criticisms of the IRPT and accused

the IRPT of being useless in government.  He blamed the party

for not engaging parliament in a multi-party system, but rather

succumbing to the voting wishes of the ruling People's

Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDPT).  Many speakers asked the

IRPT to define more clearly their position.

2.  (SBU)  COMMENT:  The roundtable's intent appeared

progressive-minded, however during a break, IRPT Deputy Chairman

Vohidkhon Qosiddinov casually remarked to PolOff that the IRPT

did not intend to implement any reform suggestions.  As it turns

out, the roundtable was a token gesture of reaching out with no

real intent to reform.  END COMMENT.

3.  (U)  The close relationship between the IRPT and PDPT fuel

critics' arguments that the PDPT uses the IRPT to create the

pretense of multi-party support.  President Rahmonov visited

IRPT Chairman, Said Nuri, several times and provided financial

support while Nuri was being treated for an undisclosed illness

in Germany.  After being ill for several months, Nuri is back in

Tajikistan and has regained daily control over the IRPT from the

moderate First Deputy Chairman Muhiddin Kabiri.  Nuri, upon

reevaluation of party officials' loyalty, dismissed several

people and demoted others with more changes to come.

SDPT SCRAMBLES TO BOLSTER WEAKENING PARTY

4.  (U)  The SDPT, weak from government attacks and persecution,

is trying to recoup their support in order to put forth an

opposition candidate for next fall's presidential election.  The

December 17 SDPT congress elected Dilovarsho Jurayev and Dilbar

Samadova deputy heads of the party.  The SDPT persuaded Jurayev,

a popular Rasht Valley politician, to join their party after he

failed to register his own party, the Party of the National

Heritage.

5.  (U) The congress participants supported a decision to field

a single candidate from opposition political parties in

Tajikistan's November 2006 presidential elections; however, the

IRPT has publicly stated they will not cooperate with the

opposition political parties.  The SDPT remains hopeful the IRPT

will change its decision.  To date, no parties have named a

candidate because they fear government pressure.

6.  (SBU)  COMMENT:  In an attempt to monopolize the political

space, the government exerts control over political parties in

two ways: luring them into cooperation, like with the IRPT and

Communist Party of Tajikistan or defaming them, like the SDPT

and DPT.  The government's effective divide and conquer strategy

has weakened the parties.  Even if the parties were willing to

cooperate, they will be unable to garner enough popular support

for any candidate.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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