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19.11.201312:41
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-15

id: 48614

date: 12/27/2005 10:22

refid: 05DUSHANBE2094

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination: 05DUSHANBE1919|05DUSHANBE2013

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 002094

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/27/2015

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, ENRG, TI, RS, AF, Hydropower and Energy

SUBJECT: "WITHOUT THE US, ROGUN WILL NOT BE BUILT":  TAJIK ENERGY

MINISTER

REF: A) DUSHANBE 2013  B)  DUSHANBE 1919

CLASSIFIED BY: Thomas Armbruster, Charge d Affaires, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (C) The United States and AES still have significant roles

to play in Tajikistan's hydropower sector.  Tajik Minister of

Energy Jurabek Nurmamatov told PolOff rumors of RusAl dominating

the Rogun project did not reflect the Ministry's position or the

Tajik government's.  RusAl had taken only a preliminary step by

committing to a third of the project.  He dismissed as

unimportant a recent news report regarding a strictly

Russian-Tajik commission to determine Rogun's cost and

inventory, noting the State Committee for Management of

State-owned property, and not the MoE, was behind the new body.

"As far as we are concerned, without the United States, Rogun

will never be built."  MoE has more political clout that the

State Committee.

2.  (C) Rogun will be an international project, he emphasized,

involving the World Bank, AES, the European Bank for

Reconstruction and Development and other international partners,

to export electricity to Afghanistan and Pakistan.  Nurmamatov

regarded the January 12 meeting in Islamabad to draft a

Memorandum of Understanding (reftel A) as the point to clarify

RusAl and AES's roles in the project.  Furthermore, he saw a

role for AES in Sangtuda, likely in the construction the

high-voltage transmission lines.

3.  (C) COMMENT:  Nurmamatov's comments downplay recent rumors

about Oleg Deripaska and RusAl's involvement in Rogun, and

reinforce President Rahmonov's recent message to the Ambassador

(reftel B) that the United States will be a key player.  Whether

the Tajiks are telling the Russians something different about

Rogun remains an open question.

4. (C) COMMENT CONTINUED:  Speaking cheerfully and frankly,

Nurmamatov was all business and no small talk.  He answered

PolOff's questions directly and completely, but did not engage

in wider discussions of energy or the economy.  Embassy staff

who have met with him previously say he is accessible and open,

but always to the point.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48631

date: 12/27/2005 13:00

refid: 05DUSHANBE2097

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 002097

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL:  12/27/2015

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, TI, PHUM, ENRG, Hydropower and Energy, Economics and Trade

SUBJECT: BACK IN THE USSR?  TAJIKISTAN'S SECURITY WONKS UNDECIDED

CLASSIFIED BY: Thomas Armbruster, Charge d Affaires, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b)

1.  (SBU) Tajikistan understands the economic and security

benefits of globalization, but Russia remains Central Asia's

most important global partner.  These two themes dominated the

papers at a conference on "Globalization:  National Interests

and National Security for Central Asian Countries" sponsored by

the Russian-Tajiki (Slavonic) University in Dushanbe December

22.

2.  (SBU) Many speakers' key points mirrored U.S. policy in

Tajikistan: narcotics trafficking remains the scourge of Central

Asia and threatens regional stability; hydropower has enormous

potential to link Tajikistan and its neighbors; China,

Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India could all be potential trading

partners; the war on terror has demonstrated that every

country-even the United States-must be vigilant in its national

security efforts.

3.  (SBU) In the opening remarks, Deputy Foreign Minister

Nasredinov called social-economic security a top priority and

noted drug trafficking and poverty impeded economic development.

 Hydro energy projects with Russia, Iran, Pakistan and China

were vital to Tajikistan's growth.  Only a few papers resorted

to Soviet-style propaganda, blaming the United States for

globalization, or cautioning against Western involvement in the

region.

4.  (C) Although the Russian Ambassador was slated to speak

second, DCM Svetlichniy represented him, as has become the norm

at public events in Dushanbe.  Svetlichniy noted that Russia had

underestimated the importance of Central Asia in the 1990s but

was now trying to strengthen its ties to the region.  He

acknowledged the United States, China and the EU had strategic

interests in Central Asia.  He suggested Russia and CIS states

should follow the American NGO model but create their own NGOs

to "better address" the specific problems of the former Soviet

Union.

5.  (SBU)  PolOff's remarks highlighted how Tajikistan already

benefits from globalization in everyday life, from cell phones

and product choices to fast money wire transfers from Tajik

workers in Russia.  She underscored that Tajiks should not fear

the openness that comes from global trade and communication and

cautioned that the only way Tajikistan would attract foreign

investment-a theme highlighted by the Foreign Minister and

others-is to ensure a transparent investment climate.

6.  (SBU)  Other speakers represented various Tajik ministries

and academic institutions, as well as the Russian and U.S.

Embassies.  At least eight Russian diplomats dutifully attended,

as did the Uzbek Ambassador, and representatives of the Afghan

and Iranian Embassies.  When the German Ambassador left after

the third paper and the Turkish Ambassador failed to show,

PolOff was the sole Westerner, left to defend everything from

the Nizhniy Pyanj bridge to the "threat" of the English language

and the Internet to Tajikistan's security.  PolOff's speech

garnered the most responses and questions, some predictably

accusatory  ("Globalization means Americanization!") but many

sincere.

7.  (SBU)  While a number of papers highlighted the United

States' role in Central Asia, noting the U.S.-financed bridge

construction on the Tajik-Afghan border at Nizhniy Pyanj would

open up trade possibilities, the "special relationship" with

Russia appeared in almost every paper and question.

Tajikistan's need to balance its historic ties to Russia with

new global and regional challenges remained a key and unresolved

issue, and many speakers cautioned Tajik decisions makers from

too hastily departing from these historical ties.

8. (C) COMMENT:  The Russian DCM's pitch for Russian NGOs was a

sly and sophisticated proposal, potentially to sideline American

and Western activities in the region.  During the coffee break,

Svetlichniy told PolOff he was pleasantly surprised by the

quality and thoughtfulness of the papers.

9.  (C) COMMENT CONTINUED:  This conference was an unusually

frank and open discussion of Tajikistan's needs and future.  The

presence of at such a large Russian delegation sent a message

that the Russians pay attention to Tajikistan on high and low

levels.  At the same time, most of the discussion was not

neo-Soviet, but a serious conversation about how Tajikistan

should balance its interests to benefit from the global economic

forces.  Russia's undeniable influence was felt, but there was

little urging to return to the past dependency.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48859

date: 12/30/2005 6:47

refid: 05DUSHANBE2129

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002129

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KPAO, RS, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIK MEDIA NAMES RUSSIAN AMBASSADOR "DIPLOMAT OF THE YEAR"

1.  A New Year's tradition, Tajikistan's electronic news agency

"Asia Plus" and Russian-language independent paper "Kurier

Tajikistana" published best of the year lists, sourced from

editors' personal opinions and popularity polls, and the

diplomatic community wasn't left out of their end of the year

analysis.  "Asia Plus" ranked Russian Ambassador Ramazan

Abdulatipov as "Diplomat of the Year."  In "Kurier Tajikistana,"

Abdulatipov edged out Ambassador Hoagland 16 - 7 for "Most

Active Diplomat."

2.  "Asia Plus," published a lengthy section on Abdulatipov that

praises him for being the first Muslim Russian Ambassador to

Tajikistan as well as a famous scientist and statesman.  He was

also lauded for his "zealous work in Tajikistan that

overshadowed his colleague, Ambassador Hoagland."

3.  (SBU) COMMENT.  The Tajik mass media is ever quick to pit

the United States against Russia on all manner of issues.  This

is not always negative, however, as papers, editors, and issues

swing between the two camps, keeping readers engaged in what the

two countries are doing in Tajikistan.  The influence of Russian

media organs, the Tajik State-owned press, and cautious

self-censorship continue to remain an issue with free

independent press in Tajikistan, but moments of open criticism,

genuine reporting, and free expression have been, and continue

to be, present.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48863

date: 12/30/2005 7:41

refid: 05DUSHANBE2130

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination: 05Dushanbe1786

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 002130

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

NOT FOR INTERNET DISTRIBUTION.

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, EAIR, ECON, TI, Economics and Trade

SUBJECT: PROGRESS, BUT NO ETA FOR TURKISH AIR IN TAJIKISTAN

REF: Dushanbe 1786

1.  Turkish Airlines (TKA) has moved one step closer to

introducing a new Istanbul-Dushanbe.  The Turkish Ambassador

Altay Cenziger reported a framework agreement was signed

December 23, allowing Turkish Airlines to conduct technical

assessments and preparations for the new route.  He estimated

flights could commence late January or early February, likely

not/not coinciding with President Rahmonov's visit to Turkey

January 15-19.  The deal, part of an economic Partnership and

Cooperation Agreement, gives Turkish Airlines one weekly flight

and allows Tajikistan State Air (TSA) to continue operating its

own Dushanbe-Istanbul route.

2.  Despite the positive breakthrough, the agreement was over

two years in the making, with much frustration and haggling on

both sides.  Cenziger had previously expressed frustration and

bewilderment at the Tajiks' inflexibility, and commented in

early December that this was TKA's last attempt to enter the

Tajik market--if it did not succeed, the Turks would stop the

TSA flight to Istanbul.  Turkish Airlines does not anticipate

SIPDIS

making a profit on the initial flights, but hoped that three

flights a week would eventually bring a larger customer base to

TKA's connecting flights in Istanbul.

3.  Firdavs Mukhtarov, head of TSA's Marketing Division,

observed Turkish Airlines had played hardball, and should not

expect TSA to give it three flights a week, thus undercutting

TSA's own lucrative Dushanbe-Istanbul flight.  The Tajiks still

SIPDIS

smart from Turkish Airlines' cancellation of a planned TSA

Istanbul-Munich route (reftel).

4.  In a December 23 meeting, Mukhtarov dismissed rumors that

Munich Airport was going to prevent TSA from landing its aging

Tupelovs.  (NOTE:  The international community relies heavily on

that flight as the only direct connection to Europe.  END NOTE)

He observed the Dushanbe-Munich route did not benefit Tajiks,

who rarely receive tourist visas for Europe.  However, TSA would

continue to operate the flight for the foreseeable future.

5.  Internal competition and corruption blocked reform more than

any external factors, according to Mukhtarov.  The head of the

department that sets prices has no business plan, no model for

determining costs or profits.  Another source in TSA confirmed a

recent new report that on any given TSA flight, 10-30% of seats

were automatically reserved for VIPs, often under the name

Rahmonov or Ubaidalloyev, Dushanbe's powerful mayor.  Asked

about the implementation of an electronic ticketing system

linked to the international reservation system, Mukhtarov

smiled. "It should be done December 31."  Would it be actually

operational in a week?  Silence.  Some have speculated that the

electronic system would make pricing and reservations

transparent, thus eliminating a source of under-the-table income

and special favors.

6.  The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

recently announced a $5 million loan to help TSA lease two new

aircraft.  Mukhtarov knew of no serious plans to lease Boeings

with the assistance.

7.  COMMENT:  The international community continues to hold its

breath at the thought of a Western carrier coming to Dushanbe,

but the forces working against change within TSA present the

real barrier to reform.  There exists a catch-22: only a Western

carrier that threatens TSA's market share will force TSA to meet

international standards of business and customer service.  But

given TSA's control of airline industry, and the very limited

profits for any Western carrier willing to fly to Tajikistan,

few carriers aside from Turkish Airlines have any interest in

Tajikistan.

8.  COMMENT CONTINUED:  The other longstanding catch is that

international businessmen will not fly to Dushanbe without a

Western-style hotel here.  Local wisdom says an

international-class hotel will not open until Western carriers

bring the businessmen.  There finally seems to be some movement

on all of these fronts, but it has been painfully slow.  END

COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48982

date: 1/3/2006 4:48

refid: 06DUSHANBE1

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 000001

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR EUR/CACEN,SA; PASS TO USDA/USAID/DCHA/FFP/DP MNIMS

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: EAID, EAGR, TI, Economics and Trade

SUBJECT: CARE/TAJIKISTAN FY 2006 JANUARY CALL FORWARD FOR THE FY

2005-2009 TITLE II DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY PROGRAM

REF: A. (A) CARE/TAJIKISTAN SUBMITTED CALL FORWARD REQUEST DATED DECEMBER 29, 2005

     B. (B) CARE/TAJIKISTAN AER DATED SEPTEMBER 29, 2005

     C. (C) BELLMON DETERMINATION FOR FY 2004

1.  The purpose of this cable is to provide Mission

concurrence with CARE's submission of below mentioned

commodities for arrival in May, 2006. Mission supports CARE's

request for commodities for distribution submitted on behalf of

CARE, Mercy Corps, Save the Children and Counterpart.

2.      Mission understands that current financial shortfalls have

resulted in suspended global pipelines for USG supported food

programming and is concerned by the implications that might

impact the commodity allocation for Tajikistan.  Mission

requests DCHA/FFP  approve the full call forward.

3.  Of this call forward, the whole allocation of 1,780 MT OF

WHEAT FLOUR, 260 MT OF VEGETABLE OIL and 310 MT OF LENTILS will

be used for direct distribution.

4.      Mission concurs with CARE's call forward of 1,780 MT(50 KG

BAG) WHEAT FLOUR, 260 MT (4-LITER PLASTIC CAN) VEGETABLE OIL and

310 MT (50 KG BAG) LENTILS for May 2006 in-country arrival.

5.      Specifications for commodities are:

Wheat Flour:

  Grade: No. 1

  Minimum Protein Level: 9.0 percent

  Maximum Moisture Content: 14.0 percent

  Packing: 50 kg woven polypropylene bags

  Minimum Iron level: 20 mg/lb

  Quantity: 1,780 MT

Vegetable Oil, 4L:

  Grade/Quality: Fortified Refined Vegetable Oil

  Packing: 4-liter (3.7kg) plastic containers, 6

  containers per carton

  Quantity: 260 MT

Lentils:

  Grade/Quality: per USDA standard

  Packing: 50 kg polypropylene bags

  Quantity: 310 MT

6.  CARE has requested that its freight forwarder determine the

ocean routing of commodities.  Past ports for food deliveries to

Tajikistan have included Rotterdam, Bremerhaven and Riga.  These

European ports are likely to be the points of entry for this

shipment.

7.      CARE and its implementing partners will arrange for

storage and delivery of the commodities to the distribution

sites through established networks.

8.  The Bellmon analysis (ref. C) states that there is a large

population in Tajikistan with inadequate access to food for

consumption because of low incomes.  The call forward Title II

commodities will not compete with usual levels of commercial

imports.

9.  The Mission Director has further determined that the

shipment of 1,780 MT(50 KG BAG) WHEAT FLOUR, 260 MT (4-LITER

PLASTIC CAN) VEGETABLE OIL and 310 MT (50 KG BAG) LENTILS for

May 2006 in-country arrival is in compliance with the Bellmon

requirements for P.L. 480 Title II activities and will cause no

production disincentive or storage problems.

10.  Mission requests DCHA/FFP approval of the full call forward

level, to arrive in country in May 2006.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48986

date: 1/3/2006 5:41

refid: 06DUSHANBE2

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 06DUSHANBE209

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

030541Z Jan 06

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS  DUSHANBE 000002

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: EAGR, ECON, ETRD, PGOV, PREL, TI, Regional Trade, Economics and Trade

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN'S TOP EXPORT, COTTON, CONTINUES TO DECLINE

REF: DUSHANBE 209

1.  SUMMARY:  Tajikistan's cotton harvest continues to decline

since the fall of the Soviet Union due to lack of farm capital,

poor land management, and detrimental financing options.  The

government acknowledges a need to change policies to resuscitate

the cotton industry, but real reform has been slow.  END SUMMARY.

2.  Tajikistan only harvested 73.3% of its 610,000 tons cotton

quota this year, down 109,354 tons from last year.  The loss of

over one-quarter of expected cotton revenue, coupled with

decreasing world cotton prices, hurts Tajikistan's economy and

its impoverished farmers, three-fourths of whom grow cotton.

Based on this year's results, Tajik authorities plan to revise

the cotton quota for 2006 down to 550,000 tons from the slated

610,000 tons.  The government had forecasted cotton harvest

yields through 2010 and hoped to harvest 750,000 tons in 2010,

but will most likely have to downgrade upcoming projections.

Tajik cotton production has been in decline since the collapse

of the Soviet Union when the country averaged one million tons

of cotton per year.  In addition to reducing expectations for

the cotton harvest, authorities have allocated less land towards

cotton for 2006, only 250,000 hectares compared to 2005's

288,000 hectares.

3.  In a newspaper article December 26, Prime Minister Akilov

blamed the poor harvest on a shortage of technical equipment and

futures companies' failure to provide pesticides and fertilizer

in a timely manner.  Futures companies are the interlocutors

between international investors and farmers.  They provide loans

and farm supplies to farmers and collect the cotton to sell on

the international market.  Akilov held a meeting on December 24

with relevant ministries, such as the Ministry of Agriculture,

the Tajik Central Bank and futures companies to strategize an

efficient 2006 harvest.  Regional authorities were tasked with

preparing for cotton sowing by mid-January.  He also stated that

farms should clear off their water and electricity debt.

According to Saidmurod Bahriddinov, Chief of the Department of

Technical Crops, the government decreased the 2006's cotton

target to increase grain, potato and vegetable production in an

effort to balance food security, a growing concern for

Tajikistan.

POOR LAND MANAGEMENT LEADS TO LOW COTTON YIELD

4.  Tajikistan's poor cotton harvest stems from a combination of

many factors  (REFTEL).  Tajikistan's concentrated efforts on

growing cotton has taken its toll on the land and led to a

decrease in cotton yield.  An old and inefficient irrigation

system exacerbated by Tajikistan's high elevation has worsened

land salinization and rendered the land infertile to crops.

Although all farms have been privatized, farmers have no say

over what they can use the land for and are instructed by the

government to grow cotton year after year just so the country

can meet its cotton quota.  There is no system of crop rotation

and continuous cotton growth wears out the land.

5.  Access to water affects the entire country and lack of water

contributes to a low cotton harvest.  Agriculture uses 84% of

Tajikistan's water supply, however due to an inefficient and old

leaky irrigation system, only half of the water actually reaches

farms.  Prime Minister Akilov called on farmers to cut their

electricity and water debt.  However, the cost of pumping water

up to high elevations is expensive and many impoverished farmers

cannot pay their electric or water bills.

6.  Akilov's complaints about the lack of machinery and futures

companies are valid.  Cotton is still handpicked in Tajikistan

by peasants and forced student laborers.  Farmers complain that

existing gins are inefficient and the majority cannot afford

capital machinery for their farms.  Futures companies hold a

monopoly over farm supplies and force farmers to buy products at

their designated prices.  The futures companies' delay in

supplying pesticide this year was detrimental to Tajik crops,

which are constantly plagued by pests.  Tajikistan is also

disadvantaged by not having a cotton grading facility.  Although

the cotton may be high quality, it is bought by international

buyers at a discount since the quality of the cotton must be

established offshore.

THE GOVERNMENT PLANS TO REFORM

7.  The Minister of Agriculture sent a letter in November to

President Rahmonov outlining several recommended agriculture

reforms, including: introducing better cotton seeds, increasing

crop rotation, and increasing the number of domestic cotton

gins.  The Ministry of Agriculture hopes to see a textiles

industry grow in Tajikistan.

8.  Reforming the banking and finance sector would help small

and medium-sized enterprises as well as the country's farmers.

Tajik farmers owe an estimated 230 million dollars to banks and

investors.  Bahriddinov told PolOff that President Rahmonov gave

a verbal order to the National Bank to lend directly to farmers

and not go through futures companies.  The government set up an

independent commission to investigate reforming the futures

companies.

9.  Bahriddinov said President Rahmonov is looking at ways to

offer credit at a lower rate and provide farmers with the loans

they need.  Bank loan interest rates are exorbitantly high at up

to 36% and prevent farmers as well as other entrepreneurs from

borrowing money.  However, the futures companies set interest

rates on farm loans even higher at nearly 60%.  Banks will not

lend to farmers because the farmers come with old land debt.  In

addition, the banks require collateral on the loans, which

farmers cannot provide, thereby prohibiting them from receiving

bank credit.

10.  Even the government has acknowledged futures companies do

not meet expectations as investment mediators and contribute to

farmers' debt.  Political interests have prevented reform of the

banking sector and the role of futures companies.  The Chairman

of the National Bank, Murodali Alimardonov, is also a partner of

HIMA, one of the largest Tajik futures companies.  His

investment in the cotton industry is a conflict of interest in

reforming the sector.

11.  Although the government, NGOs and farmers complain about

futures companies' gouging activities, the Asian Development

Bank (ADB) has argued middlemen are needed because international

investors hesitate to deal with farmers directly.  ADB instead

advises that the government audit futures companies, weed out

exploitative middlemen and establish good investment practices.

12.  Tajikistan's government insists on promoting cotton because

it is a strategic cash crop for the country.  Bahriddinov argues

this is because the state earns ten percent on all cotton

revenues, with cotton accounting for 40% of exports and

providing badly needed jobs.

13.  COMMENT:  The government may blame and rationalize a poor

cotton harvest on a variety of peripheral factors, but a

consistently declining cotton yield is the result of bad

government policy, poor land management and a system that

squeezes farmers out of the business.  Unless Tajikistan can

reform the cotton industry and improve farming and land

conditions, the country will no longer be able to rely on cotton

to sustain its economy.  Banking and financial reforms are

needed, but are hindered by entrenched financial interests of

powerful politicians. The government is only beginning to

realize the need to reform.  A working group of NGOs, IFIs and

government officials continues to discuss ways to move the issue

forward in a way that addresses Tajikistan's national interests

and not special interests.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 48987

date: 1/3/2006 5:49

refid: 06DUSHANBE4

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 000004

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

CORRECTED COPY

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KPAO, RS, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIK MEDIA NAMES RUSSIAN AMBASSADOR "DIPLOMAT OF THE YEAR"

1.  (U) A New Year's tradition, Tajikistan's electronic news

agency "Asia Plus" and Russian-language independent paper

"Kurier Tajikistana" published best of the year lists, sourced

from editors' personal opinions and popularity polls, and the

diplomatic community wasn't left out of their end of the year

analysis.  "Asia Plus" ranked Russian Ambassador Ramazan

Abdulatipov as "Diplomat of the Year."  In "Kurier Tajikistana,"

Abdulatipov edged out Ambassador Hoagland 16 - 7 for "Most

Active Diplomat."

2.  (U) "Asia Plus," published a lengthy section on Abdulatipov

that praises him for being the first Muslim Russian Ambassador

to Tajikistan as well as a famous scientist and statesman.  He

was also lauded for his "zealous work in Tajikistan that

overshadowed his colleague, Ambassador Hoagland."

3.  (SBU) COMMENT.  The Tajik mass media is ever quick to pit

the United States against Russia on all manner of issues.  This

is not always negative, however, as papers, editors, and issues

swing between the two camps, keeping readers engaged in what the

two countries are doing in Tajikistan.  The influence of Russian

media organs, the Tajik State-owned press, and cautious

self-censorship continue to remain an issue with free

independent press in Tajikistan, but rare moments of open

criticism and free expression have been, and continue to be,

present.  END COMMENT.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 49002

date: 1/3/2006 10:58

refid: 06DUSHANBE16

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 000016

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL:  1/3/2016

TAGS: PREL, ECON, ENRG, TI, RS, Economics and Trade, Hydropower and Energy

SUBJECT: RUSSIA PLEASED WITH BILATERAL RELATIONS WITH TAJIKISTAN

REF: 05 DUSHANBE 2097

CLASSIFIED BY: Thomas Armbruster, Charge d Affaires, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (d)

1.  (C)  The year 2005 was very fruitful for Russia in

Tajikistan, according to the Russian DCM Viacheslav Svetlichny.

He highlighted the realization of long-standing commitments,

particularly those made by President Putin in October 2004 to

withdraw Russian border forces and increase economic assistance

to Tajikistan.  In 75-minute meeting with the Chargi and PolOff,

he elaborated on Russia's diplomatic achievements, its

commercial and cultural interests in Tajikistan and Tajik-Uzbek

friction.

2.  (C)  Hydropower represents a big future for Russian

investment, particularly the Rogun and Sangtuda power plants.

Svetlichny agreed Sangtuda could domestic fuel aluminum

production while Rogun's power could be exported.  He gave no

reason the U.S. firm AES could not play a role in the Rogun

project, particularly the construction of transmission lines.

In addition to hydro projects, the Russians were pleased with

turnout at the Russian Exposition in Dushanbe in December,

noting almost 50 Russian companies had participated.

3.  (C)  In the past two years, the increased number of

high-level visits, and cultural and educational exchanges has

strengthened Russian-Tajik ties.  In addition to Putin's 2004

visit to Dushanbe, Svetlichny gave the examples of Russian Prime

Minister Fratkov's October 2005 visit and President Rahmonov's

visit to Russia for the "Days of Tajik Culture" exhibit in St.

Petersburg as examples of intensified cooperation.

4.  (SBU)  Chargi outlined U.S. assistance and the shift from

humanitarian aid to an emphasis on business and social

development.

5.  (C)  Svetlichny characterized the situation in Uzbekistan as

"positive and negative," but argued the new Russian-Uzbek

bilateral defense agreement gave the Russians more influence

over Uzbekistan.  Central Asia is one of the few regions in the

world that does not have strong anti-American sentiment, he

noted.  "We support your work here," he said.  On the border,

Svetlichny agreed the United States and Russia should cooperate

to help secure the Afghan-Tajik border to stem the flow of

narcotics.  (NOTE:  The Russian press continues to criticize

Tajikistan's ability to control the border and suggests

Tajikistan and Russia would be better off with a return of

Russian border guards.  The Tajiks consider the reporting

"slander." END NOTE)

6.  (SBU)  Svetlichniy invited Chargi and PolOff to the

Russian-sponsored "Diplomats' Day" scheduled for February 10.

7.  (C)  COMMENT:  Svetlichny requested the meeting, his first

lengthy interaction with the Embassy since his arrival in

October 2005.  At receptions and conferences, he often engages

U.S. diplomats, and during the meeting, expressed his

appreciation and admiration of Ambassador Headland's regular

ambassadorial get-togethers, suggesting it would be useful to

replicate the diplomatic interaction on a working level.

Russia's pride in the success of its increased cultural

exchanges is further evidence of the Tajik's thirst for contact

outside Central Asia.  At a conference on Central Asian Security

December 23, Svetlichny noted that Russia had ignored Central

Asia in the 1990s, but was now intensifying its efforts

(reftel).  His comments then and in this meeting highlight the

Russian strategy to pull Tajikistan back into Moscow's orbit.

ARMBRUSTER

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 49057

date: 1/4/2006 7:53

refid: 06DUSHANBE31

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 000031

SIPDIS

001-06

EUR/CACEN

INL/AAE - DEBORAH HOOKER

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: MARR, Border issues, MIlitary assistance

SUBJECT: EMERGENCY SUPPLIES FOR TAJIKISTAN BORDER GUARDS

REF: NONE

The following is a letter to Secretary of Defence Donald

Rumsfeld from Chargi d'Affaires Thomas H. Armbruster, American

Embassy, Dushanbe Tajikistan. Hard copy to follow.

Dear Secretary Rumsfeld:

There are few sights more heartening for Embassy officers than

seeing a U.S. Air Force C-130 landing.  On January 2, the first

C-130 landed in the snow in Dushanbe, bringing emergency support

to Tajikistan's Border Guards.

I want to thank you for the airlift that Gen. Abizaid and his

command executed over the New Year's holidays.  Helping the

Tajik Border Guards establish and operate a base of operations

on the Afghan border, in spite of severe winter conditions, is

an important contribution to regional security, and advances

U.S. national interests by limiting the flow of illicit weapons,

narcotics, and terrorists.

Tajikistan continues to be a world leader in narcotics

interdictions, but border forces are not adequately resourced.

Had the Tajik Border Guards curtailed their operations for lack

of supplies, some in Russia could have pressured Tajikistan to

accept the return of Russian border guards.  In his New Year's

address, President Rahmonov noted, "The full takeover by Tajik

border guards of the protection of the state border between

Tajikistan and Afghanistan, as a symbol of our sovereign state,

was an important achievement." The airlift helps Tajikistan

maintain its sovereign right to protect its own borders, and it

shows American commitment to regional stability.

CENTCOM's efforts, in close cooperation with the Department of

State and Embassy Dushanbe's Country Team, are having a

tremendous impact on the morale of the border guards.  General

Zukhurov, Head of the Border Guards, sends his heartfelt thanks

and appreciation to all in the name of his personnel who now

The use of your counternarcotics "train and equip" authority to

support national security objectives in the region shows great

foresight, and Gen. Abizaid and his command are to be commended.

 We welcome your return to Tajikistan anytime and once again

thank everyone involved, from pilots to loadmasters, for making

a real difference on the Tajik-Afghan border.

ARMBRUSTER

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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