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11.09.201309:25
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-4

id: 42215

date: 10/7/2005 3:13

refid: 05DUSHANBE1622

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001622

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/7/2015

TAGS: MCAP, TI

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0062 05/GARM AND VICINITY (U)

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (b)

CONFIDENTIAL

SIPDIS

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 6 947 0062 05.

COUNTRY:  (U) TAJIKISTAN (TI)

IPSP:  (U) IFC1130; IFC1583; IFC1510; IFC1515; IFC1516; IFC2000;

IFC2400; IFC2630.

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0062 05/GARM AND VICINITY(U).

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY

EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL

--------------------------------------------- ---------

                  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

--------------------------------------------- ---------

DOI:  (U) 20050807

REQS: (U) DHCD111048; DHCD111054; DHCD111042; U-UDX-2410-003-05;

U-UDX-1130-040-04.

SOURCE:  (C) //OTS 6-947-0035-05//A WESTERN CONTRACTOR WITH BOTH

DIRECT AND INDIRECT ACCESS TO INFORMATION BASED ON OFFICIAL

TRIPS TO THE REGION.  SOURCE IS NOT ESTABLISHED BUT RO HAS KNOWN

SOURCE FOR SEVERAL YEARS. CONTEXT STATEMENT - SOURCE PROVIDED

INFORMATION TO RO IN AN INFORMAL SETTING.

SUMMARY:  (C) GARM AND ITS SURROUNDING AREA ARE RELATIVELY SAFE,

AND MOST POSITIONS OF POWER ARE HELD BY STRONG SUPPORTERS OF

PRESIDENT RAHMONOV. FOREIGNERS HAVE NOT BEEN TARGETED IN THE

AREA FOR FOUR YEARS.

TEXT: 1. (C) ACCORDING TO SOURCE, tHE GARM REGION HAS A STABLE

SECURITY ENVIRONMENT, WHERE FOREIGNERS HAVE NOT BEEN TARGETED IN

FOUR YEARS.  SOURCE DID MENTION ONE DEMONSTRATION LAST AUGUST,

WHERE A POLICE STATION WAS STORMED, BUT SUGGESTED THIS WAS NOT

THE NORM.  SOURCE CONFIRMED A STRONG FOREIGN NGO PRESENCE IN

GARM.

2. (C) ACCORDING TO SOURCE, THE GARM REGION, DESPITE HAVING BEEN

A STRONGHOLD OF THE TAJIK OPPOSITION DURING THE CIVIL WAR, HAS

VERY FEW UTO (UNITED TAJIK OPPOSITION) LEADERS LEFT IN POSITIONS

OF INFLUENCE IN THE VALLEY.  IN GARM ITSELF, THE MAYOR IS A

HARD-LINE SUPPORTER OF PRESIDENT RAHMONOV.  TAVILDARA'S CIVILIAN

LEADERSHIP ALSO SUPPORTS THE PRESIDENT, ALTHOUGH A YOUNGER

BROTHER OF MINISTER OF EMERGENCY SITUATIONS MIRZOEV (A FORMER

UTO COMMANDER BROUGHT INTO THE GOVERNMENT UNDER THE PEACE

ACCORDS) IS THE HEAD OF A SMALL VILLAGE ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF

TAVILDARA.

3.  (C) According to source the leader of Jirgatal (NE of Garm)

is Shah Iskandarov, who controls the drug trade in the area.

The Sheikh, an ally of Iskandarov(the arrested one) was a power

in Garm, but has now fled the country, according to Source

(Field note: there is a person known as the sheikh, who was

recently convicted on armed insurrection charges by a tajik

court.  End note).

4. (C) ACCORDING TO SOURCE IN GARM THERE IS A MILITARY UNIT MADE

UP OF FORMER LOW-LEVEL UTO COMBATANTS.

5. (C) ACCORDING TO SOURCE THERE IS AN MOD BASE IN TAVILDARA.

6. (U) ACCORDING TO SOURCE TRAVEL FROM DUSHANBE TO GARM IN

SUMMER IS FOUR HOURS, BUT 12 HOURS IN WINTER.  From Garm to

Jirgatal, 2 hours, then 1 hour to Jayilgan, then 1 hour to

border.  In winter another 12 hours just to Jirgatal.

COMMENTS:  1. (C) FIELD COMMENTS. SOURCE IS A SOPHISTICATED

OBSERVER OF THE REGION WHOM RO TRUSTS.  THAT SAID, SOURCE'S

EVALUATION OF THE POLITICAL STABILITY AND SECURITY OF THE REGION

DOES NOT PRECLUDE THE PRESENCE OF SMALL TERRORIST CELLS.

2.  (U) SOURCE IS AVAILABLE FOR FURTHER CONTACT.

3. (U) DIRECT ANY QUESTIONS CONCERNING THIS IIR TO DIA/DHO-2 AT

STU III (703) 907-0235, OR DSN 283-0235.

INSTR:  (U) U.S.  NO.

PREP:  (U) 6-04797.

ENCL: (C) NONE.

ACQ:  (U)  DUSHANBE, TAJIKISTAN (20050807)

DISSEM:  (U)  FIELD:  EMBASSY AT DUSHANBE.

WARNING:  (U) REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL

DRVD FM: DHS HUMINT SCG OCT 04

DECL ON:  20150809

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42252

date: 10/7/2005 11:50

refid: 05DUSHANBE1642

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001642

SIPDIS

NOFORN

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/7/2015

TAGS: MCAP, TI

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0006 06/NATIONAL GUARD DEPLOYMENT LIMITATION (U)

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (a), (b)

CONFIDENTIAL NO FOREIGN

SIPDIS

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 6 947 0006 06.

COUNTRIES:  (U) TAJIKISTAN (TI), RUSSIA (RU).

IPSP:  (U) IFC2500, IFC1913, IFC2510

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0006 06/NATIONAL GUARD DEPLOYMENT LIMITATION

(U)

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY

EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL NO

FOREIGN

--------------------------------------------- ---------

                DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

--------------------------------------------- ---------

DOI:  (U) 20051006

REQS: (U) UTCX206000504, DHCD111044, DHCD045058

SOURCE:  (C) //6 947 0023 05// HOST NATION FIELD GRADE MILITARY

OFFICER WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION.

USDAO HAS AN ESTABLISHED RELATIONSHIP WITH SOURCE. CONTEXT

STATEMENT - RO AND SOURCE MEET ON A REGULAR LIAISON BASIS AS A

RESULT OF RO'S AND SOURCE'S OFFICIAL DUTIES. SOURCE APPEARS TO

BE A STRONG SUPPORTER OF INCREASED MILITARY RELATIONS BETWEEN

UNITED STATES AND TAJIKISTAN. SOURCE IS AWARE THAT INFORMATION

WILL REACH U.S. INTELLIGENCE CHANNELS AND COMMENTS MAY BE MEANT

TO INFLUENCE AS MUCH AS TO INFORM.

SUMMARY:  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) THE NATIONAL GUARD IS NOT

CAPABLE OF DEPLOYING TO AREAS IN SOUTHEASTERN TAJIKISTAN.  THE

NATIONAL GUARD ACKNOWLEDGES THERE IS A PERSISTENT THREAT IN THE

REGION.

TEXT: 1.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) ON 6 OCTOBER 2005 RO MET

WITH SOURCE.  RO ASKED SOURCE IF THE NATIONAL GUARD HAD ANY

PLANS OF CREATING A PRESENCE IN THE GORNO-BADAKHSHAN REGION

(GBAO), GIVEN THE REGION'S PROXIMITY TO AFGHANISTAN, LIMITED

GOVERNMENT CONTROL IN THE PAST AND THE POTENTIAL FOR EXTREMIST

PRESENCE.  RO NOTED THAT THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE AND BORDER

GUARDS ARE PRESENT IN KHOROG, BUT RO WAS UNSURE OF TAJIKISTAN'S

PRESENT COUNTER-TERRORISM CAPABILITY THERE. SOURCE RESPONDED

THAT THE NATIONAL GUARD COULD NOT AFFORD TO DEPLOY UNITS SO FAR

FROM DUSHANBE.  SOURCE SAID THAT HE WAS AWARE OF THE POTENTIAL

THREAT IN THE REGION, BUT HE HIMSELF HAD NEVER BEEN THERE.

2.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) SOURCE SAID THAT THE NATIONAL

GUARD CONTINUED TO DEVELOP ITS COUNTER-TERRORISM CAPABILITY AND

WAS AT THIS TIME THE GOVERNMENT'S SECOND RESPONSE TO TERRORIST

THREATS, AFTER THE MINISTRY OF SECURITY.

COMMENTS: 1. (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) FIELD COMMENT:  THE

NATIONAL GUARD ACKNOWLEDGING IT LACKS THE CAPABILITY TO DEPLOY

TO THE GBAO REGION WAS A SURPRISE TO RO.  SOURCE HAD PREVIOUSLY

TOLD RO THAT THE NATIONAL GUARD PLANNED TO BASE A BATTALION

SOUTHEAST OF DUSHANBE.  DURING RO'S RECENT TRIP TO GBAO, RO DID

NOT SEE ANY MILITARY PRESENCE DEDICATED OR TRAINED IN DETERING

EXTREMIST/TERRORIST THREATS IN THE REGION.  PREVIOUS POST

REPORTING INDICATES THEIR APPEARS TO BE GOVERNMENT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT THAT AN EXTREMIST PRESENCE EXISTS IN THE REGION,

YET AT THIS TIME NEITHER THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OR THE NATIONAL

GUARD APPEAR TO BE DEVELOPING A CAPABILITY TO CONFRONT POTENTIAL

THREATS.  IN ADDITION, THE TAJIKS PERSISTENT PROBLEMS WITH

MAINTAINING AND OPERATING ITS ROTARY WING FLEET, MAKES IT

UNLIKELY THE TAJIKS RETAIN A SUFFICIENT CAPABILITY TO RAPIDLY

DEPLOY UNITS FROM DUSHANBE TO THE GBAO REGION.

3.  (U) SOURCES ARE AVAILABLE FOR FURTHER CONTACT.

4.  (U) DIRECT ANY QUESTIONS CONCERNING THIS IIR TO DIA/DHO-2 AT

STU III (202) 231-7299, OR DSN 428-7299.

COLL: (U) AB.

INSTR:  (U) U.S.  NO.

PREP:  (U) 6-04708.

ENCL: (U) NONE.

ACQ:  (U)  DUSHANBE, TAJIKISTAN (20051006)

DISSEM:  (U)  FIELD:  EMBASSY AT DUSHANBE.

WARNING:  (U) REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL NO FOREIGN

DRVD FM: DHS HUMINT SCG OCT 04

DECL ON:  20151006

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42266

date: 10/7/2005 13:26

refid: 05DUSHANBE1644

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001644

SIPDIS

NOFORN

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/7/2015

TAGS: MCAP, TI, CH

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0005 06/CHINESE GIVE 32 VEHICLES TO TAJIK ARMED

FORCES (U)

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (a), (b)

CONFIDENTIAL NO FOREIGN

SIPDIS

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 6 947 0005 06.

COUNTRIES:  (U) TAJIKISTAN (TI), CHINA (CH).

IPSP:  (U) IFC1590, IFC1950, IFC1510, IFC1513, IFC1510, IFC1540,

IFC1500,

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0005 06/CHINESE GIVE 32 VEHICLES TO TAJIK

ARMED FORCES(U)

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY

EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL NO

FOREIGN

--------------------------------------------- ---------

                DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

--------------------------------------------- ---------

DOI:  (U) 20050928

REQS: (U) DHCD002124, DIAC156205002, DHCD002104, DHCD111055,

GAIF116482402, DHCD111054, DIAC154107003, DHCD111050,

DHCD111045, DHCD112051

SOURCE:  A. (C) //MEMBER USDAO DUSHANBE//MEMBER OBSERVED ON A

RECENT VISIT.  CONTEXT STATEMENT-MEMBER MAINTAINS REGULAR

CONTACT WITH CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE.  MEMBER WAS IN CLOSE

CONTACT WITH CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE THROUGHOUT THE 6 DAY TRIP.

B.  (C//NF) //OTS 6 947 0001 06// MID-LEVEL HOST NATION officer

with DIRECT AND INDIRECT access to the information.  RO DOES NOT

HAVE AN ESTABLISHED RELATIONSHIP WITH SOURCE.  context statement

- RO SPENT APPROXIMATELY 4 DAYS WITH SOURCE DURING TRIP.  SOURCE

IS A CORRUPT MID-LEVEL OFFICER WITH LIMITED INTEGRITY.

CREDIBILITY IS UNDETERMINED.

C.  (c) //OTS 6 947 0005 06//MID-LEVEL HOST NATION OFFICER WITH

DIRECT AND INDIRECT ACCESS TO INFORMATION.  RO DOES NOT HAVE AN

ESTABLISHED RELATIONSHIP WITH SOURCE.  CONTEXT STATEMENT - RO

SPENT ONE DAY WITH SOURCE DURING TIP.  SOURCE APPEARS CREDIBLE,

BUT A LIKELY PARTICIPANT IN CORRUPT ACTIVITY IN REGION.  SOURCE

MADE A NUMBER OF STATEMENT STRONGLY SUPPORTING CLOSE COOPERATION

WITH THE UNITED STATES.  CREDIBILITY IS UNDETERMINED.

d.  (C) //6 947 0022//SENIOR HOST NATION MILITARY OFFICER WITH

DIRECT ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION.  RO HAS AN ESTABLISHED

RELATIONSHIP WITH SOURCE.  CONTEXT STATEMENT - RO AND SOURCE

MEeT ON A REGULAR LIAISON BASIS AS A RESULT OF RO AND SOURCE'S

OFFICIAL DUTIES. SOURCE HAS BEEN RELIABLE IN THE PAST. THIS WAS

SOURCE'S FIRST VISIT TO THIS REGION.  SOURCE IS AWARE THAT

INFORMATION WILL REACH U.S. INTELLIGENCE CHANNELS AND COMMENTS

MAY BE MEANT TO INFLUENCE AS MUCH AS TO INFORM.

SUMMARY:  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) THE CHINESE MINISTRY OF

DEFENSE PROVIDED 32 VEHICLES TO THE TAJIK MINISTRY OF DEFENSE AS

PART OF THEIR ONE MILLION USD 2005 MILITARY ASSISTANCE PACKAGE.

HOWEVER, THE CHINESE HAVE MINIMAL INFLUENCE AND LIMITED

RELATIONS WITH TAJIK MILITARY AND BORDER OFFICERS IN EASTERN

TAJIKISTAN. ENCLOSURES.

TEXT: 1.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) FROM 23 SEPTEMBER 2005 TO

29 SEPTEMBER 2005, RO TRAVELED FROM DUSHANBE TO THE EASTERN

TAJIKISTAN WITH THE CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE, COLONEL LEE, AND

SOURCE D IN ORDER TO PICK UP 32 CHINESE VEHICLES, GIVEN TO THE

TAJIK MINISTRY OF DEFENSE. THESE VEHICLES ARE PART OF A ONE

MILLION USD 2005 MILITARY ASSISTANCE PACKAGE AGREED IN EARLY

SEPTEMBER BETWEEN THE CHINESE MINISTER OF DEFENSE AND THE TAJIK

MINISTER OF DEFENSE.

2.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) ON 26 SEPTEMBER SOURCE D STATED

THAT EVERY YEAR SINCE 1995 THE CHINESE HAVE PROVIDED ONE MILLION

USD IN MILITARY ASSISTANCE TO THE TAJIKS.  EACH TIME THE CHINESE

SIMPLY ASKED THE TAJIKS TO MAKE OUT A LIST OF ITEMS THEY WANTED

TOTALING ONE MILLION USD.  THE CHINESE THEN PROVIDE THE ITEMS

WITH NO QUESTIONS ASKED.  SOURCE D STRESSED THAT THIS PROGRAM

HAD NO OTHER REQUIREMENTS.

3.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) ON 27 SEPTEMBER SOURCE D

COMPLAINED TO RO THAT THE CHINESE WERE ONLY GIVING THE VEHICLES

TO THE TAJIKS AND THE TAJIKS WERE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE THE MONEY

FOR FUEL AND DRIVERS IN ORDER TO GET THE VEHICLES FROM THE

CHINESE BORDER TO DUSHANBE.  SOURCE SHOWED RO A BAG FULL OF

APPROXIMATELY 9000 TAJIK SOMONI; THE CURRENT EXCHANGE RATE IS

APPROXIMATELY 3 SOMONI TO 1 USD.  SOURCE DID NOT KNOW HOW HE WAS

GOING TO PAY FOR ALL THE CUSTOMS COSTS AND FUEL.  SOURCE STATED

THE CHINESE SHOULD FOLLOW THE U.S. PROGRAM, WHICH DELIVERS

EQUIPMENT TO DUSHANBE WITH NO COST TO THE TAJIKS.

4.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) ON 27 SEPTEMBER SOURCE B TOLD

RO THAT THE TAJIK MILITARY HAD A HARD TIME UNDERSTANDING THE

CHINESE.  THE MILITARY IN THE GORNO-BADAKSHAN REGION, THAT

BORDERS CHINA, HAD NO CONTACT WITH CHINESE MILITARY OFFICERS.

HE SAID THAT THE CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE WAS THE FIRST CHINESE

MILITARY OFFICER HE HAD MET.  HE NOTED THAT THE CHINESE TRADE IS

INCREASINGLY ACTIVE IN THE REGION AND HE SEES CHINESE CARGO

TRUCKS TRAVELING THROUGH THE REGION NEARLY EVERY DAY.  SOURCE

QUESTIONED WHY THE CHINESE DO NOT HAVE A BUSINESS PRESENCE OR

ANY OTHER LEVEL OF ACTIVITY WITH THE CITY OF MURGHAB, 120

KILOMETERS WEST OF THE TAJIK BORDER. [FIELD COMMENT: RO OBSERVED

INDIVIDUALS LOADING CHINESE TRUCKS WITH WHAT APPEARED TO BE

LARGE SACKS AT A LOCATION APPROXIMATELY 4 KILOMETERS EAST OF

MURGHAB, BEHIND SOME ABANDONED BUILDINGS.  IN ADDITION, RO MET

THE MURGHAB POLICE CHIEF APPROXIMATELY 1 KILOMETER FROM THE

SITE.  THE POLICE CHIEF SAID HE WAS WAITING FOR SOME CHINESE

DIGNITARIES WHO WERE TRAVELING TO THE CELEBRATION IN KHOROG.  RO

COULD NOT CONFIRM IF THE POLICE CHIEFS PRESENCE AND THE ACTIVITY

WERE CONNECTED.  HOWEVER, GIVEN THE LEVEL OF CORRUPTION IN

MURGHAB, IT IS POSSIBLE.]

5.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) ON 28 SEPTEMBER RO AND COLONEL

LEE MET WITH THE DEPUTY COMMANDER, LTC MIRZOEV OF THE TAJIK

BORDER GUARD OTRYAD IN MURGHAB.  LTC MIRZOEV NOTED THAT DESPITE

THE LONG BORDER SHARED BY TAJIKISTAN AND CHINA, HE VERY SELDOM

MEETS WITH HIS COUNTERPARTS FROM CHINA.  HE COMPLAINED THAT THE

TAJIK BORDER GUARDS AND CHINESE BORDER GUARDS HAVE NO WORKING

RELATIONSHIP.  COLONEL LEE TOLD LTC MIRZOEV THAT IF THE TAJIKS

HAD ANY PROBLEMS WITH CHINESE AT THE BORDER TO CALL THE CHINESE

DEFENSE ATTACHE OFFICE.  LTC MIRZOEV SAID IT WOULD BE BETTER TO

DEAL WITH SUCH PROBLEMS LOCALLY BETWEEN THE TWO BORDER GUARD

FORCES.

6.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) ON 28 SEPTEMBER RO WAS TOLD BY

SOURCE D THAT RO COULD NOT ACCOMPANY THE TAJIKS AND CHINESE

DEFENSE ATTACHE TO THE BORDER IN ORDER TO PICK UP THE VEHICLES.

SOURCE SAID THAT THE CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE SAID IT WOULD BE

INAPPROPRIATE FOR THE UNITED STATED DEFENSE ATTACHE TO BE SEEN

AT THE BORDER WITH TAJIK MILITARY PERSONNEL.

7.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) JUST PRIOR TO DEPARTING, RO

OBSERVED THE CONTRACTED CIVILIAN TAJIK DRIVERS PUTTING ON

MILITARY UNIFORMS.  IN RESPONSE TO RO'S QUESTION, ONE DRIVER

SAID CHINESE CUSTOMS WERE REQUIRING THAT ONLY TAJIK MILITARY

PERSONNEL PICK UP THE VEHICLES.  [FIELD COMMENT: CUSTOMS TURNED

OUT TO BE A SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGE FOR THE TAJIKS.  RO OBSERVED

ON A NUMBER OF OCCASIONS SOURCE D PAYING A NUMBER OF LOCAL

OFFICIALS IN MURGHAB TO INCLUDE CUSTOMS, MINISTRY OF SECURITY

AND POLICE PRIOR TO PICKING UP THE VEHICLES.  IN ADDITION, THE

MINISTRY OF SECURITY, CUSTOMS, BORDER GUARDS AND LOCAL POLICE

ALL ACCOMPANIED THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE TO THE BORDER TO PICK UP

THE VEHICLES].

8. (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) LATER ON 28 SEPTEMBER, RO

OBSERVED THE ARRIVAL OF 32 CHINESE VEHICLES, INITIALLY PARKED AT

THE MURGHAB BORDER GUARD OTRYAD //GEOCOORD:

3810.119N/07357.901E//.  THE VEHICLES CONSISTED OF 20 LIGHT

"JEEP" LIKE THAT APPEARED SIMILAR TO THE CHINESE BJ2020, 10

TRUCKS WITH "FAW" LETTERING THAT APPEARED SIMILAR TO THE CHINESE

EQ2102, A SMALL AMBULANCE WITH "IVECO" LETTERING THAT THE

CHINESE AND TAJIK CALLED A SMALL X-RAY AMBULANCE AND A LARGER

AMBULANCE WITH "DONG FENG" LETTERING THE CHINESE AND TAJIKS

CALLED A LARGE AUTOBANDAGING MEDICAL VEHICLE. ALL VEHICLES

APPEARED TO BE NEW.  SOURCE D EXPRESSED FRUSTRATION HALF OF THE

VEHICLES REQUIRED DIESEL THE OTHERS GASOLINE.  SOURCE EXPRESSED

A PREFERENCE FOR THE RUSSIAN VEHICLES THAT ALL REQUIRE GASOLINE.

[FIELD COMMENT: PLEASE SEE ENCLOSURES FOR PICTURES OF VEHICLES.

THE CHINESE AND THE TAJIKS COULD NOT PROVIDE RO WITH THE ENGLISH

DESIGNATION FOR THESE VEHICLES].

9. (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) AFTER THE VEHICLES ARRIVED LTC

MIRZOEV OF THE BORDER GUARDS APPROACHED COLONEL LEE AND ASKED

WHY ALL THESE VEHICLES WERE GOING TO THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE.

MIRZOEV NOTED THAT THE BORDER GUARDS HELPED BRING THE VEHICLES

ACROSS THE BORDER AND THE CHINESE TO DATE HAVE PROVIDED NO

ASSISTANCE TO HIS BORDER GUARD UNIT.  COLONEL LEE RESPONDED THAT

THE CHINESE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE WORKS THROUGH THE TAJIK MINISTRY

OF DEFENSE AND COORDINATION FOR ASSISTANCE TO THE BORDER GUARDS

WOULD NEED TO GO THROUGH THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE.  MIRZOEV THEN

PULLED COLONEL LEE AWAY FROM RO FOR FURTHER DISCUSSION.  MIRZOEV

THEN RETURNED TO RO AND SAID THAT HE DEEPLY APPRECIATED THE

STRONG ASSISTANCE THE UNITED STATES PROVIDES THE BORDER GUARDS.

HE ADDED THAT THE UNITED STATES WAS THE TAJIK BORDER GUARDS

BRIGHTEST STAR IN THE SKY.

10.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) COLONEL LEE LATER TOLD RO THAT

THE TAJIKS DO NOT KNOW HOW TO RECEIVE THIS TYPE OF ASSISTANCE

AND HE EXPRESSED FRUSTRATION AT THE TAJIKS LACK OF ORGANIZATION.

 HE ADDED THAT HE WISHED THE VEHICLES HAD AIR CONDITIONING FOR

THE HOT TAJIK SUMMERS.

11.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) RO ASKED A NUMBER OF DRIVERS

WHAT THEY THOUGHT OF THE VEHICLES.  RO ASKED FIVE DRIVERS WHAT

THEY THOUGHT OF THE CHINESE VEHICLES.  TWO HAD NO OPINION, TWO

EXPRESSED DISAPPOINTMENT IN THE QUALITY AND FELT RUSSIAN

EQUIVALENT VEHICLES RAN BETTER, AND ONE FELT THE CHINESE VEHICLE

WAS A BETTER RIDE.

12.  (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) RO ACCOMPANIED THE CONVOY FROM

MURGHAB TO KHOROG.  DURING THE DRIVE THREE VEHICLES BROKE DOWN

OF WHICH ONE REMAINED IN PLACE APPROXIMATELY 20 KILOMETERS WEST

OF MURGHAB.  ON THE MORNING OF 29 SEPTEMBER AS THE CONVOY

PREPARED TO DEPART KHOROG, SOURCE D TOLD RO THAT TWO ADDITIONAL

VEHICLES WERE MISSING.  SOURCE D EXPRESSED FRUSTRATION AT

NEEDING TO HIRE CIVILIAN DRIVERS AS THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE DID

NOT HAVE ENOUGH TRAINED, RESPONSIBLE DRIVERS TO MAKE SUCH A

TRIP.  SOURCE D ALSO REITERATED HIS CONCERN THAT HE DID NOT HAVE

ENOUGH MONEY TO GET THE VEHICLES BACK TO DUSHANBE.  [FIELD

COMMENT: RO DEPARTED KHOROG BEFORE THE CONVOY DEPARTED. RO WAS

LATER TOLD THAT ALL VEHICLES EXPECT THE ONE TRUCK, EQ2102 TYPE,

SUCCESSFULLY ARRIVED IN DUSHANBE].

13. (C) DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHIC TITLING LOG.  ALL PHOTOGRAPHIC

ENCLOSURES TO IIR 6 947 0005 06 ARE CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL.

THEY WERE ACQUIRED AT THE MURGHAB BORDER GUARD OTRYAD, MURGHAB,

//GEOCOORD:3810.119N/07357.901E//, TAJIKISTAN, ON 20050928

BETWEEN 1600L AND 1700L USING A SONY CYBERSHOT 7.2 MEGAPIXEL, SN

1411693, GROUND.

FRAMES  DESCRIPTION

01          TAJIK CIVILIAN DRIVERS AFTER RETURNING WITH

VEHICLES.  (C)

02          1 TRUCK, LARGE AMBULANCE AND 3 LIGHT VEHICLES. (C)

03          8 LIGHT VEHICLES. (C)

04          2 LIGHT VEHICLES, 2 TRUCKS, TAJIK BORDER GUARD

SOLDIERS. (c)

05          3 TRUCKS, SMALL AMBULANCE. (C)

06          WIDE ANGLE ON 12 LIGHT VEHICLES, 1 TRUCK, LARGE

AMBULANCE. (C)

07          TAJIKS GOING OVER PAYMENTS TO CONTRACTED DRIVERS. (C)

08          CHINESE TRUCKS BEING LOADED WITH UNKNOWN GOODS

APPROXIMATELY 4 KM EAST OF MURGHAB. (C)

COMMENTS: 1. (C//REL TO USA, GBR AND AUS) FIELD COMMENT:  RO WAS

SURPRISED THAT THE TAJIKS AND CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE INVITED RO

ALONG ON THIS TRIP.  ONE REASON COULD BE TO DEMONSTRATE THE

LEVEL OF CHINESE ASSISTANCE TO THE TAJIK MINISTRY OF DEFENSE.

THE OTHER COULD BE THE TAJIKS AND CHINESE DEFENSE ATTACHE

REQUIRED RO ASSISTANCE TO GET TO THIS PART OF TAJIKISTAN.  THE

ROADS ARE VERY DIFFICULT AND RO IS UNAWARE OF ANY VEHICLE AT THE

CHINESE EMBASSY CAPABLE OF MAKING THIS JOURNEY.  IN ADDITION, RO

PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SAVED THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE MONEY.

SOURCE D NOTED A NUMBER OF TIMES THAT IT WAS FAR EASIER TO

TRAVEL TO THIS RESTRICTED PART OF TAJIKISTAN IN A UNITED STATES

DIPLOMATIC VEHICLE THAN IN A MINISTRY OF DEFENSE PLATED VEHICLE.

 THE CHALLENGES THE TAJIKS FACED IN GETTING THESE VEHICLES FROM

THE CHINESE BORDER TO DUSHANBE IS FURTHER INDICATION THE TAJIKS

HAVE LITTLE TO NO CAPABILITY TO SUSTAIN BASIC SUPPORT

REQUIREMENTS.  THE REQUIREMENT THAT THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE PAY

OFF LOCAL AUTHORITIES IN FEES, IS FURTHER INDICATION OF SYSTEMIC

CORRUPTION AT ALL LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT.  IT APPEARED TO RO THAT

MOST IF NOT ALL TAJIK MILITARY AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS SAW THIS

CHINESE ASSISTANCE AS AN OPPORTUNITY TO RECEIVE SOME FORM OF

PAYOFF.  RO SELDOM HAD THE SENSE THAT TAJIK OFFICIALS FELT ANY

SENSE OF LOYALTY OR SATISFACTION THAT THEY WERE HELPING THEIR

OWN GOVERNMENT IMPROVE ITS MILITARY CAPABILITY.

2.  (U) SOURCES ARE AVAILABLE FOR FURTHER CONTACT.

3.  (U) DIRECT ANY QUESTIONS CONCERNING THIS IIR TO DIA/DHO-2 AT

STU III (202) 231-7299, OR DSN 428-7299.

COLL: (U) AB.

INSTR:  (U) U.S.  NO.

PREP:  (U) 6-04708.

ENCL: (U) TO FOLLOW - 1 ENCLOSURE.

DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY, BORDER GUARD OTRYAD, MURGHAB (C), COLOR, 8

IMAGES, 20050928 (C).

ACQ:  (U)  MURGHAB, TAJIKISTAN (20050928)

DISSEM:  (U)  FIELD:  EMBASSY AT DUSHANBE.

WARNING:  (U) REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL NO FOREIGN

DRVD FM: DHS HUMINT SCG OCT 04

DECL ON:  20150928

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42330

date: 10/8/2005 10:07

refid: 05DUSHANBE1646

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001646

SIPDIS

NSC FOR MERKEL; PLEASE PASS TO USAID

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/7/2015

TAGS: KDEM, PGOV, TI

SUBJECT: NO NEWS BAD NEWS FOR INTERNEWS

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard Hoagland, Ambassador, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b)

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard Hoagland, Ambassador, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b)

1. (C) SUMMARY:  Internews is the third major NGO to encounter

serious registration problems with the Tajik government.  In

addition, a key Internews project to establish community radio

stations may collapse without the registration and licensing of

its local partners.  Government officials have confided to

Internews staff that Ministry of Security officials forbade the

Ministry of Justice to re-register Internews, allegedly

declaring that Internews is "the enemy".  The increased

government obstruction of independent media bodes poorly for

Tajikistan's image as an emerging democracy on the road to

reform.  END SUMMARY

2.  (C) On October 5, Country Director Troy Etulain reported

Internews attempted to re-register with the Ministry of Justice

after a May investigation revealed Internews was operating under

the wrong legal status.  The Minister of Justice was prepared to

accept Internews' new application, but at the last minute

rejected it on technical grounds.  MoJ officials told Internews

the Ministry of Security directly intervened on the basis of

"national security."

3.  (SBU) In addition to the issue of registration, an $887,000

State Department-funded project to establish six independent

community radio stations throughout the country may not get off

the ground due to bureaucratic obstacles.  None of the local

organizations have been able to register as legal organizations,

let alone obtain a license to broadcast.  Without the

registration and license, they cannot broadcast legally.  The

long delayed new licensing regulations have been issued but not

the implementation documents.

4.  (C) Etulain reported local state media stations have started

to refuse to accept programming from Internews directly and

stopped broadcasting Internews materials months ago.  However,

the new second state television channel, Safina, has used

Internews materials during its programming.  He noted that as

recently as last week, the Deputy Director of Safina approached

him about a "creative partnership" to help with programming and

technical training.

5.  (C) According to Etulain, Safina has already cost the

government $1 million in new equipment and further funds to

renovate the historic old philharmonic building in central

Dushanbe as Safina's new production studio.  He passed along the

rumor that Safina may be sold to private investors early in

2006-and that the purchaser may be First Brother-in-Law Hasan

Sadulloyev.  (COMMENT:  It has long been rumored that Sadulloyev

would gain a license for the first private TV channel with

national coverage in Tajikistan, but that he could not afford,

or did not want to pay for, the start-up costs.  END COMMENT)

6.  (SBU) Etulain expressed frustration at his programs being

"stuck" and admitted there was little Internews could do, short

of withdrawing all the equipment from Tajikistan.  This would

however, eliminate almost any independent broadcast media in

Tajikistan.  "We are contractually obligated to do things we

cannot do legally.  We are trying to follow the law, but the

Tajiks themselves are not following their own laws."

7.  (SBU) Internews' licensing problems touch on a larger issue

of the government's new licensing regime.  According to Etulain,

it explicitly states that foreign nationals or organizations

"under the control" of foreign nationals cannot receive a

license.  The licensing regime applies to stations and well as

production studios.  The interpretation of "under the control"

remains to be determined, but Etulain doubted the MoJ would

recognize agreements like programming requirements attached to

grants as anything other than direct control.

8.  (SBU) NOTE: The licensing issue, including of production

facilities, raises profound problems for Internews with its

USAID-funded "Satellite Transmission Program." Independent Tajik

television stations broadcasting "unlicensed" Internews-provided

material direct from satellite would risk being closed by the

government for violating licensing regulations. END NOTE

9.  (C) COMMENT:  Post agrees with Etulain's assessment that a

concerted governmental campaign against Internews is underway.

The clear and consistent pattern of government obstruction,

using legal pretexts for a political result, sends a dangerous

message the very few journalists and civil society members

willing to go to the mat for a free press and access to

information. However, some in the government seem to understand

that NGOs are not the source of "Color Revolutions" and help

maintain a balance against the true hardliners.  END COMMENT

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42342

date: 10/10/2005 7:08

refid: 05DUSHANBE1648

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination: 05DUSHANBE1645

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001648

SIPDIS

STATE FOR T, EUR/CACEN, SA

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/10/2015

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PINS, IR, KN, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  CIVIL AND GOVERNMENT AVIATION AUTHORITIES

SUPPORT PSI

REF: DUSHANBE 1645

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard E. Hoagland, Ambassador, EXEC, Embassy

Dushanbe.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d), (h)

1.  (C) SUMMARY:  On October 6, Under Secretary Robert Joseph

met with Head of the Tajikistan Department of Civil Aviation

Khamroyev Firuz and Tajik Air Force Chief of Staff General-Major

Safaraliev.  The Tajiks reiterated their support for ridding the

world of the scourge of terrorism and the transfer of weapons of

mass destruction.  The Tajiks highlighted the challenges they

face, given their lack of capacity to deter movement through

their country.

2.  (C) U/S Joseph noted, during his initial remarks, U.S.

efforts to foster a regional approach to stop the transfer of

WMD, missile, and related materials between Iran and North

Korea.  He pointed out that Central Asian countries lay at the

crossroads of such transfers.  He promoted working together in

the areas of info sharing, denial of overflight rights and

inspection.  Mr. Joseph provided a map of air routes used by the

North Koreans and Iranians and a list of aircraft tail numbers.

3.  (C) Firuz noted Tajik aviation control is divided between

civil aviation and government aviation.   Each element has norms

and procedures that follow international standards.  He said

Tajikistan is a sovereign state that continues to make sure all

flights in, out, and over conform to international standards.

Controlling WMD- and missile-related traffic is the

responsibility of all nations.  The Department of Civil Aviation

controls civil air and customs; government aviation controls air

space and security.   Firuz introduced General-Major Safaraliev

as the primary officer responsible for government aviation.

4.  (C) Safaraliev said the military speaks differently and

normally with a glass of "white tea" (vodka).  He said he had

only found out that day about the meeting and was not really

prepared to talk.   He added that soldiers simply follow

agreements and orders made by the President.  Since the

President has agreed to cooperate, he would follow his orders.

5. (C) The Under Secretary offered to share information and

conduct action with low visibility.  He pointed out that

overflight clearance and the searching and seizing of cargo are

within the rights of sovereign states.

6.  (C) Firuz initially expressed concern should Tajikistan deny

overflight or force the landing of an aircraft wrongly accused

of caring illegal materials, but appeared satisfied with U.S.

Joseph's response to his questions.  He pointed out that North

Korea and Iran would send diplomatic notes charging Tajikistan

with inappropriate action.  U/S Joseph noted that nothing is 100

percent guaranteed, but that is included in the task of stopping

this type of trade.  He added that the sharing of information

and working relationships build confidence.  U/S Joseph compared

action against aircraft to Tajikistan's sovereign right to

monitor and search trucks carrying cargo across its borders.

7.  (C) Firuz asked how they can develop the expertise to

conduct inspections.  He noted that Tajikistan does not have WMD

and it will be difficult to develop the right expertise.  In

addition, the Tajiks asked how to understand and properly deny

materials that have duel use purposes.  U/S Joseph reiterated

the need for building working relations and it all started with

sharing information.

8.  (C) The Tajiks concluded by expressing support for the

initiative to stem the trade of proliferation-related materials

within the framework of international law.

9.  (U) U/S Joseph cleared this cable.

HOAGLAND

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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