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12.09.201309:53
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-5

id: 42349

date: 10/10/2005 10:06

refid: 05DUSHANBE1650

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001650

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/10/2015

TAGS: MCAP, TI, FR, UZ

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0007 06/ UZBEKS DENY FRENCH MILITARY

OVERFLIGHT INDEFINITELY (C)

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (a), (b)

CONFIDENTIAL

SIPDIS

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 6 947 0007 06.

COUNTRIES:  (U) TAJIKISTAN (TI), FRANCE (FR), UZBEKISTAN (UZ)

IPSP:  (U) IFC1531, IFC1549, IFC1540, IFC1500, IFC2613, IFC1513,

IFC1512, IFC1517

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0007 06/ UZBEKS DENY FRENCH MILITARY

OVERFLIGHT INDEFINITELY (C)

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY

EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL NO

FOREIGN

--------------------------------------------- ---------

                DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

--------------------------------------------- ---------

DOI:  (U) 20051010

REQS: (U) DHCD111052, DHCD111054, DHCD111051, DHCD111049,

UTCX206000504

SOURCE:  (C) //MEMBER USDAO DUSHANBE//MEMBER HAS A WORKING

RELATIONSHIP WITH THE FRENCH MILITARY REPRESENTATIVE.  CONTEXT

STATEMENT-MEETINGS WITH THE FRENCH MILITARY REPRESENTATIVE ARE

NORMALLY CANDID AND OPEN.

SUMMARY:  (C) ON 8 OCTOBER 2005 UZBEKISTAN CANCELLED ALL

OVERFLIGHT CLEARANCES FOR FRENCH MILITARY AIRCRACT INDEFINITELY.

 FRENCH-UZBEK MILITARY RELATIONS HAVE NEARLY CEASED.

TEXT: 1.  (C) ON 10 OCTOBER 2005 DURING A ROUTINE MEETING, THE

FRENCH MILITARY REPRESENTATIVE TO TAJIKISTAN TOLD RO THAT ON THE

MORNING OF 8 OCTOBER 2005, THE UZBEKS DENIED OVERFLIGHT OF THE

FRENCH MILITARY AIRBUS 300 DEPARTING FROM DUSHANBE TO FRANCE.

THE AIRBUS 300 FLIES IN AND OUT OF DUSHANBE APPROXIMATELY ONCE A

MONTH IN SUPPORT OF FRENCH PERSONNEL ROTATIONS IN DUSHANBE AND

AFGHANISTAN.  THE FRENCH WERE THEN TOLD THAT ALL CLEARANCES FOR

FRENCH MILITARY FLIGHTS ACROSS UZBEK AIRSPACE ARE INDEFINITELY

DENIED.  THE FRENCH HAVE NOW REROUTED ALL FLIGHTS IN AND OUT OF

DUSHANBE OVER KYRGYZSTAN, KAZAKHSTAN AND RUSSIA.  THE FRENCH

MILREP TOLD RO THAT THE MOVE WAS LIKELY A RECIPROCAL ACTION

FOLLOWING THE 7 OCTOBER EUROPEAN UNION'S SANCTION AGAINST

UZBEKISTAN.

2.  (C) THE FRENCH MILREP ALSO NOTED THAT FRENCH-UZBEK MILITARY

TO MILITARY RELATIONS ARE NEARLY NON-EXISTENT.  HE EXPRESSED

SURPRISE AT THE UZBEK ACTION.  HE ALSO EXPRESSED DISAPPOINTMENT

THAT THE RUSSIANS CONTINUE TO SUPPORT KARIMOV, WHICH HE VIEWED

ONLY FURTHER EMBOLDENS KARIMOV.

COMMENTS: 1. (C) FIELD COMMENT:  UZBEK ACTION LIKELY COMES AS A

SURPRISE TO FRENCH MILITARY OPERATING OUT OF DUSHANBE IN SUPPORT

OF ISAF.  THE FRENCH HAVE BEEN VERY CAUTIOUS TO NOTE THAT THEIR

MILITARY PRESENCE IN DUSHANBE IS NOT PERMANENT AND ONLY IN

SUPPORT OF ISAF AND ITS MISSION TO PROMOTE PEACE AND STABILITY

IN AFGHANISTAN.  FRENCH-TAJIK MILITARY RELATIONS CONTINUE TO

GROW AND IT IS UNLIKELY THE FRENCH WILL FIND ANY DIFFICULTIES

HERE IN DUSHANBE.

2.  (U) SOURCES ARE AVAILABLE FOR FURTHER CONTACT.

3.  (U) DIRECT ANY QUESTIONS CONCERNING THIS IIR TO DIA/DHO-2 AT

STU III (202) 231-7299, OR DSN 428-7299.

COLL: (U) AB.

INSTR:  (U) U.S.  NO.

PREP:  (U) 6-04708.

ENCL: (U) NONE.

ACQ:  (U)  MURGHAB, TAJIKISTAN (20051010)

DISSEM:  (U)  FIELD:  EMBASSY AT DUSHANBE.

WARNING:  (U) REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL

DRVD FM: DHS HUMINT SCG OCT 04

DECL ON:  20151004

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42797

date: 10/17/2005 9:30

refid: 05DUSHANBE1678

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 05DUSHANBE1503|05DUSHANBE1583|05DUSHANBE1675|05DUSHANBE27|05DUSHANBE4

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS  DUSHANBE 001678

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR NP/ECC - PVANSON, ACHURCH, AND ACUMMINGS

DEPT FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/ACE - DMARTIN

CBP/INA FOR PWARKER AND BPICKETT

USDOE/NNSA FOR TPERRY

DOC FOR PETERSEN - BEARD

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: ETTC, KNNP, KSTC, MNUC, PARM, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN EXBS PROGRAM ADVISOR MONTHLY REPORTING CABLE

I.  BROAD ITEMS OF INTEREST TO ADVISORS AND AGENCY MANAGERS

A list of EXBS program equipment was sent via email to DHS/CBP

and NP/ECC.  In addition, all DHS/CBP related handbooks and

written materials have been sent to DHS/CBP per cable request.

II. COMPLETED ACTIONS FOR THE REPORTING PERIOD.

A.  SITE ASSESSMENTS AND MEETINGS DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD.

        1.  EXBS advisor conducted an 11 day assessment/end use

monitor trip through the Gorno - Badakhshan and Sogd regions of

Tajikistan which included the Afghan, Chinese, Kyrgyz, and Uzbek

borders.  Please see Dushanbe 1503 for summary.

        2.  The European Commission Border Management and Drug

Action Programs in Central Asia (BOMCA-CADAP) held its semi

annual donors conference in Dushanbe 27-28 September 2005.  Mr.

James Bigus from INL and Mrs. Anne Cummings from NP attended the

conference.  Please see Dushanbe 1675.

        3.  The German Embassy hosted a Building Bridges

conference on 29 September 2005 which was aimed at cross border

cooperation between the Tajik and Afghan Governments.  Mr. Bigus

also attended this conference.  Please see Dushanbe 1583.

        4.  Dr. Harlan Strauss, OSD Policy, visited Dushanbe from

17 -21 September 2005, and met with seven ministries to gain

support for the signing of a Weapons of Mass Destruction

Agreement between the Tajik and U.S. governments.  His visit was

very successful and the Tajik government is currently working on

the agreement.

        5.  Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and

International Security, Robert Joseph visited Dushanbe 4 - 6

October 2005 to discuss cooperation in the Proliferation

Security Initiative (PSI) agreement.

        6.  Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Dushanbe

on 13 October 2005.  She met with President Rahmonov and his

staff.  Several issues were discussed.

B.  TRAINING CONDUCTED DURING REPORTING PERIOD.

        1.  Two senior representatives from Tajikistan Customs and

State Border Protection Committee attended TRACKER training (as

observers only) in Almaty Kazakhstan from 3 - 9 October 2005.

Tajikistan is not currently allowed to attend this training as

participants because they have not yet signed the WMD agreement.

C.  EQUIPMENT DELIVERED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD.

        1.  Four CT-30 Kits were delivered to Dushanbe from SAIC

completing Task Order 41.  Kits will be transferred to Tajik

Customs on 19 October 2005.

D.  IMMINENT TRAINING, MEETINGS, OR EQUIPMENT STATUS UPDATE.

        1.  Tajik officials from the Academy of Sciences,

Department on nuclear materials transit, Agency of Nuclear and

Radiation Security, and the First Deputy Minister of the State

Revenues and Duties (Tajik Customs) will travel to Istanbul to

attend the Central Asia Technical Workshop to Prevent the

Illicit Trafficking of Nuclear and Radioactive Materials from 13

- 16 November 2005.

        2.  General Zuhurov, Chairman of the State Border

Protection Committee, and members from the Customs, Interior,

and the Drug Control Agency will travel to Washington DC and El

Paso Texas to attend meetings and visit training facilities.

This trip will include active participation in day and night

border operations.  The trip is scheduled for 18 November - 2

December 2005.

        3.  Forty senior lever Tajik delegates will travel to

Budapest from 12 - 16 December 2005 to attend an International

Counter-Proliferation Seminar conducted by DoD ICP.

E.  SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CONTROLS,

NONPROLIFERATION, OR RELATED BORDER SECURITY.

        1. None to report this period.

III. RED FLAG ISSUES.

        1. None to report this period.

POC for this report is Paul J. Shott, EXBS Advisor, HYPERLINK

"mailto:shottpj@state.gov" shottpj@state.gov, Comm: 992 372

241560 Ext 2102, Cell: 992 935 707009.

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42920

date: 10/18/2005 11:27

refid: 05DUSHANBE1695

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001695

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/SE, EB

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PREL, TU, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  RAHMONOV TO VISIT TURKEY

1.  (U) Sensitive but unclassified.  Please handle accordingly.

Not for public Internet.

2.  (SBU) Turkish Ambassador Cengizer revealed on October 18

that he has completed negotiations for Tajikistan's President

Rahmonov to make an official visit to Turkey January 19-24,

2006.  Rahmonov will visit Ankara, Istanbul, and the Anatolian

coast where he wants to develop contacts to increase tourism in

Tajikistan.

3.  (SBU) Cengizer remains optimistic that Turkish Airlines will

begin operating to Dushanbe in time for Rahmonov to be on the

maiden return trip to Turkey.

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 42935

date: 10/18/2005 12:42

refid: 05DUSHANBE1696

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001696

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, TI

SUBJECT: A SHOT ACROSS THE NGO BOW?  POST SEEKS GUIDANCE IN RESPONSE

TO MFA REQUEST

The Embassy received the following diplomatic note from the

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, asking for extensive information on

non-governmental organizations connected to the U.S government

operating in Tajikistan.  This dip note could further dampen NGO

activity in Tajikistan and further threaten the U.S. democracy

agenda.

Post seeks soonest guidance from the Department how to respond.

Begin Text:

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan

presents its compliments to the Embassy of the United States of

America in Dushanbe and in response to note # 832/05 of October

11, 2005 has the honor to inform the following.

As is known, on September 13, 1993 , the Government of the

Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of the United States

of America signed an Agreement Regarding Cooperation to

Facilitate the Provision of Assistance. On the basis of this

Agreement, for ten years, the United States of America has been

providing all possible assistance to the Republic of Tajikistan.

 Also, within the framework of this Agreement, a number of

American governmental and nongovernmental organizations

implementing the U.S. Government aid programs have been

operating in the Republic of Tajikistan.

In the above mentioned note, the Embassy sent a list of

organizations that according to that Agreement, shall be exempt

from any taxes, duties or other similar payments imposed by the

Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and local authorities.

In this connection, the Ministry requests that the Embassy gives

instructions to the organizations indicated in the note to

submit the required information about their legal status and

full account of their activity in the Republic of Tajikistan to

the Ministry.  The accounts should include the following:

1.      Copies of constituent documents;

2.      The structure (including that of the head and field

offices), personnel structure and the number of their staff;

3.      The biodata of the personnel of these organizations,

including foreign and local;

4.      Exact legal addresses of these organizations in the

Republic of Tajikistan, including copies of lease agreements of

their office premises;

5.      A detailed description of their projects indicating the

budget and estimate of costs;

6.      Information about their partners (NGOs, private citizens,

higher educational institutions, educational establishments,

local communities, etc.) in the Republic of Tajikistan.

7.      Major trends of their activity and indication of the final

result;

8.      The amount of the given credit and information about the

interest profit (for the organizations engaged in

micro-financing).

The Ministry informs the Embassy that the decision on the

exemption from taxes, duties and other similar payments shall be

adopted after receiving the abovementioned documents and their

detailed study.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan

avails itself of this opportunity to express to the Embassy of

the United States of America the assurances of its highest

consideration.

End text

COMMENT:  We are worried that this is the slippery slope that

would allow Tajikistan to weed out the NGOs it does not like.

END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 43128

date: 10/20/2005 6:15

refid: 05DUSHANBE1700

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001700

SIPDIS

DEPARTMENT FOR DS/C/DC

FRANKFURT FOR FRDCD

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: ADCO, ADPM, AMGT, KRIM

SUBJECT: REQUEST TO INITIATE PROFESSIONAL COURIER OPERATIONS TO

DUSHANBE

REF: KLINGER/GILMORE E-MAIL

1. Post Dushanbe requests professional diplomatic courier

service vice our current

non-pro service to/from Almaty.  Post wishes to initiate

professional service in

November, 2005 on a scheduled to be determined between Post and

FRDCD.

2. All classified pouch users at post concur with this request.

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 43136

date: 10/20/2005 7:19

refid: 05DUSHANBE1701

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 001701

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/20/2015

TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, TI

SUBJECT: LAWYER'S ARREST COULD SIGNAL GOV'T TIGHTENING SCREWS ON

DISSENT

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard Hoagland, Ambassador, US Embassy

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (d)

1.  (U)  Fayzinoso Vohidova, a well-known lawyer and an active

member of the Social Democratic Party of Tajikistan (SDPT), was

arrested and charged by the Sughd regional prosecutor's office

with one criminal act for forgery, and production and sale of

forged documents, which includes practicing law with a false

diploma from Moscow State University.  Media reports and local

NGO workers speculated she was arrested due to her political

activity.  Vohidova was a candidate in the February

parliamentary elections until she was disqualified on a

technicality.  She is being detained while the case is under

investigation. Her husband and lawyer have visited her on

multiple occasions.

2.  (C) Vohidova's lawyer, Bakhtiyor Narulloev, told Frank

Hespe, a lawyer with the American Bar Association/ Central

European and Eurasia Law Initiative (ABA/CEELI), that Vohidova

believes the prosecution is personally, not politically,

motivated, because she has won a number of high-profile cases

against the local prosecutor's office.  Narulloev explained the

prosecutor's office threatened to contact over 300 of Vohidova's

clients to search for evidence of impropriety.  She plans to

formally admit guilt in order to avoid such action.  (NOTE:

According to John Hickey, Country Director of ABA/CEELI, it is

possible her diploma is forged; many lawyers practice without

legitimate documents in Tajikistan. END NOTE)

3.  (C) However, despite pleading guilty, Vohidova maintains her

innocence.  She believes the Moscow prosecutor's office, which

works closely with the Tajikistan prosecutor's office, may have

doctored the evidence or pressured Moscow State University Law

School to provide false information.  She intends to travel to

Moscow upon her release to prove her innocence.  Narulloev

reported Vohidova does not want additional media attention and

is urging supporters not to appeal on her behalf through the

media.  Rather, she would prefer NGOs and embassies to contact

the government and prosecutor's office.

4.  (U)  BACKGROUND:  Vohidova has been an active lawyer in the

Sughd region since 1998 and heads the Khojand Legal Advice

Center.  She has written several articles criticizing the

government, particularly the regional prosecutor's office.  In

March 2005, she represented two members of the SDPT from the

Resolve District who were arrested and imprisoned on charges of

insulting a judge and resistance to authority.  Vohidova herself

was a leading candidate in the February 2005 parliamentary

elections from the Ghaffurov District.  However, she was

disqualified from the race based on a technicality, for not

reporting all of her husband's assets on the registration forms.

5.  (U)  In addition, she is a member of the Citizens Rights

Advocacy Network (CRAN), which is a DRL- funded project of

ABA/CEELI.  Her NGO, Center for Support of Legal and Economic

Reforms in Tajikistan, received ABA/CEELI funding for an

advocacy campaign to improve the status of non-citizens in the

Ferghana Valley.  In the past two months, she has advocated on

behalf of those accused in a trafficking-in-persons case.

6.  (SBU) COMMENT:  Vohidova's assertion that her arrest was

personally motivated is plausible.  However, her case inevitably

sends a message that unauthorized political activism that annoys

the powers that be is unwelcome in Tajikistan. END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 43145

date: 10/20/2005 9:42

refid: 05DUSHANBE1702

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: SECRET

destination: 05DUSHANBE1681|05DUSHANBE1696

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

S E C R E T  DUSHANBE 001702

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA, DRL, EB

NSC FOR MERKEL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/20/2015

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PINR, KDEM, RS, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  AMBASSADOR ZARIPOV COUNSELS NO SHARP RESPONSE

TO RUSSIAN PROVOCATIONS

REF: A) DUSHANBE 1696  B) FBIS CEP2005101927067  C) DUSHANBE 1681

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard E. Hoagland, Ambassador, EXEC, Embassy

Dushanbe.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (S) SUMMARY:  In a meeting with Tajikistan's Ambassador to

the United States Zaripov (strictly protect throughout),

Ambassador Hoagland and he both agreed that the U.S.-Tajikistan

relationship is generally solid, with few sharp ups and downs.

They discussed primarily the potential of U.S.-Russia

cooperation to develop Tajikistan's hydropower and on-going

problems for U.S. NGOs.  The conversation stayed relatively

general, perhaps because Zaripov had a Foreign Ministry minder

with him, until a final pull-aside in Embassy Dushanbe's garden.

 Zaripov let loose with details about Moscow's paranoia about

the United States and its intentions in Tajikistan.  He

counseled patience and "no sharp response to provocations."  His

bottom line was that Russia is increasingly playing hardball to

limit U.S. influence in Tajikistan.  END SUMMARY

2.  (SBU) While on home leave and consultations, Tajik

Ambassador to Washington Homrahon Zaripov called on the

Ambassador on October 19.  Sirozh Rajabov, the Foreign

Ministry's Deputy Chief of Administration for Europe and North

America, accompanied him as note-taker.

EVERYTHING'S MORE OR LESS FINE~

3.  (C) The ambassadors agreed that in principle the bilateral

relationship is on track and about 90 percent smooth.  Zaripov

noted that President Rahmonov is generally satisfied, especially

because "he does not like sharp ups and downs in relationships."

4.  (C) Zaripov expressed pleasure that U.S-Russia (i.e., AES

and RAO UES) cooperation appears possible to develop

Tajikistan's hydropower potential.  He recounted how he had been

an early champion of this cooperation, and how he had worked

hard in the United States to promote it, "even though it is

dangerous to be involved in such big business."  Ambassador

Hoagland noted a successful collaboration between AES and RAO

UES would have political value because it would concretely

SIPDIS

demonstrate U.S.-Russia cooperation for economic development in

Central Asia.

5.  (C) The Ambassador briefed Zaripov in detail about the

October 13 visit of Secretary of State Rice.  Zaripov had little

to say, but did express surprise about the Secretary's visit to

the Central Mosque and Girls' Madrassa.  He confirmed it had not

been reported on Tajik State TV and said no one had mentioned it

to him.

6.  (C) The Ambassador handed Zaripov a copy of the Tajik

Government's recent diplomatic note requesting what, in our

view, seems to be excessive information about all U.S. NGOs

working in Tajikistan (ref A).  Zaripov read it carefully,

glanced at Rajabov, and noted it was the first he had heard of

such a request and, thus, was unprepared to comment on it.  He

added that both sides should be patient and avoid "sharp

decisions."  The United States should understand that Tajikistan

as an independent state is only 14 years old.  "All of these

kinds of questions are solvable with patience," he said.

7.  (C) In response to a question, Zaripov recounted President

Rahmonov's September meeting in New York during UNGA with George

Soros.  Zaripov said that the meeting was positive in general

but had its sharp moments.  He recounted that Soros had asked

Rahmonov if he has suspicions about the Open Society Institute

in Tajikistan.  Rahmonov had responded firmly that he was highly

suspicious and watched it closely.  So far, he had found no

fault, but was prepared to shut down Soros immediately if any

"irregularity" came to his attention.

8.  (C) About life in Washington, Zaripov said he found it easy

to work with the State Department and the National Security

Council.  He praised EUR DAS Byrza's energy, intense

involvement, and knowledge of the region.  By contrast, Zaripov

noted that it is still difficult for him to make much progress

on Capitol Hill where he continues to run into pre-conceived

notions about Tajikistan.  Ambassador Hoagland commented that

Embassy Dushanbe has worked hard to change Washington

stereotypes about Tajikistan, but Capitol Hill seldom sees

diplomatic reporting and relies more generally on media accounts

and information from groups with special interests.  Both

Ambassadors agreed that it would be useful for CoDels and

StaffDels to visit Tajikistan so that they could gain

first-hand, accurate information.

~EXCEPT RUSSIA IS AN EVER BIGGER PROBLEM

9.  (S) At the end of the meeting, the Ambassador and Zaripov

had a one-on-one pull-aside in the Embassy garden apart from

Rajabov.  The Ambassador repeated that the latest Tajik

diplomatic note requesting excessive information about U.S. NGOs

in Tajikistan is ominous and disturbing.  He is seeking guidance

from Washington before responding.  He asked for Zaripov's

candid assessment.  Zaripov counseled go-slow caution.  He

volunteered that President Rahmonov is subject to a drumbeat of

anti-U.S. attacks from the Ministry of Security prodded by

Moscow - not only from Russian mass media (ref B), but also from

the Russian-dominated Tajik Ministry of Security.  Zaripov said

the message from Moscow, especially via the Ministry of

Security, is that the United States wants to overthrow Rahmonov,

kick the Russians out of their military base, and expand U.S.

influence from Afghanistan into Tajikistan as a link to

"U.S.-dominated Kyrgyzstan."  The U.S. goal in this scenario is

"a string of anti-Russia military bases from Baghram to Manas."

10.  (S) Zaripov continued the anti-U.S.-NGO drive - especially

against National Democratic Institute, Freedom House, and

InterNews - comes directly from Moscow.  Rahmonov is trying to

maintain an uneasy balance by not registering these three NGOs,

but also by allowing them to continue to operate.  Zaripov

concluded that he sincerely hoped the timing of the new

diplomatic note about U.S. NGOs - which he in fact did know

about but did not want to discuss in front of Rajabov - was

simply coincidental to Rahmonov's October 7-9 meetings in Moscow

and St. Petersburg with Putin.

11.  (S) Zaripov elaborated on his earlier comment about the

danger of being involved in "big business."  He confirmed the

AES report (ref C) that then-Tajik PermRep to the UN Rashid

Alimov had tried strenuously to prevent the meeting in New York

between Rahmonov and the AES CEO, arguing to Rahmonov that the

U.S. Government is maneuvering AES to wreck Russian-Tajik

hydropower cooperation and push Russia out of Tajikistan.

Zaripov recounted that he had taken Rahmonov aside and had "a

shouting match with him."  He said, "I was willing to be fired,

or even go to prison."  But he convinced Rahmonov to hear out

AES, and Rahmonov has now apparently accepted the idea of

AES-RAO UES cooperation.   (COMMENT:  Although Zaripov's version

may be somewhat self-serving, it rings true with many other

disparate details we continue to pick up.  Russia is playing

hardball to limit the influence of the United States in

Tajikistan.  END COMMENT.)

HOAGLAND

NNNN

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 43264

date: 10/21/2005 9:42

refid: 05DUSHANBE1708

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001708

SIPDIS

STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA, DRL

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, KISL, KIRF, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIK MINISTRY OF EDUCATION BANS HIJABS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS

1.  Deputy Minister of Education Farkhod Rakhimov announced on

October 19 that hijabs (Muslim head-coverings) are banned in

schools and institutions of higher education.  Education

officials were instructed to disseminate this message throughout

their schools.  Students who violate this edict will face

disciplinary consequences, even possible expulsion.  Rakhimov,

who heads the commission that promulgated this edict, reasons,

"The hijab [represents] a form of religious ideology which

contradicts the Law on Education and the Consitution."

2.  Rakhimov told Embassy Political Assistant that the

Government feels obliged to take preventive measures to curb

students from wearing the hijab throughout Tajikistan in order

to uphold secular education.  He is convinced that students and

their families are being coerced into wearing the hijab and

offered cases in the Sughd region and Dushanbe as proof.  In

these cases, the students and their parents showed little

evidence of being devoutly Muslim, but chose to wear a hijab.

Therefore, the commission concluded, someone else encouraged

them wear the hijab, perhaps to make a political statement.

3.  Opposition figures and political and religious leaders have

expressed disappointment and legal concerns about the law.

Muhiddin Kabiri, First Deputy Chairman of the Islamic Revival

Party of Tajikistan (IRPT), appealed directly to the Minister of

Education.  Post believes the majority of the country, up to

this point, has been indifferent to the hijab's place in

schools.  Domullo Naim, a leading Islamic Scholar of the region,

fears the law will incite a greater rift between the government

and observant Muslims, laying the groundwork for religious

extremism.

4.  COMMENT:   The government seems to believe it can prevent

the growth of extremism by regulating external symbols - a

dubious proposition.  It remains to be clarified whether this

new edict apples only to full hijab or also includes

headscarves, which are more a sign of traditional conservatism

than extremism.  In any case, as unwise as this edict may be, it

is little different from similar controversial regulations in

France and Turkey.  END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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