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    Лента новостей

    17.09.201311:43
    Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

    Выпуск-7

    id: 44064

    date: 10/31/2005 10:22

    refid: 05DUSHANBE1745

    origin: Embassy Dushanbe

    classification: CONFIDENTIAL

    destination: 05DUSHANBE1729

    header:

    This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

     

     

     

    ----------------- header ends ----------------

     

    C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 001745

     

    SIPDIS

     

     

    E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/31/2015

    TAGS: PREL, PGOV, PHUM, KDEM, TI

    SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  UN SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR FINDS JUDICIARY

    UNBALANCED

     

    REF: DUSHANBE 1729

     

    CLASSIFIED BY: Richard Hoagland, Ambassador, US Embassy

    Dushanbe, State.

    REASON: 1.4 (b)

     

    1.  (C)  During his recent visit to Tajikistan, UN Special

    Rapporteur on Independent Judiciary and Lawyers Leandro Despuy

    noted a great imbalance between the power of Tajikistan's

    prosecutors, and the weakness of lawyers ("advocates") and

    judges in the system.  United Nations Tajikistan Office of

    Peacekeeping's (UNTOP) Ambassador Vladimir Sotirov reported

    Despuy found the prosecutors' ability to initiate investigations

    and prevent the implementation of a court decision distortedQe

    objectivity and fairnesQof theQurt process.  Judges are too

    often afraid of proQcutors.  He hoped the parliament's reforms

    to the criminal code would remove these powers from the

    prosecutor, thus legislating a more balanced judicial system.

     

    2.  (C)  NOTE: A current case in point is journalist Jumaboy

    Tolibov. Having written articles criticizing the Prosecutor's

    Office in Sogdh province, he was arrested and sentenced to

    prison.  Acting on his appeal, the Supreme Court's Criminal

    Affairs Board ordered his release. The Prosecutor General

    overruled the Supreme Court, and Tolibov remains behind bars.

    END NOTE

     

    3.  (C)  According to Sotirov, Despuy enjoyed access to all

    levels of government, and remarked on Tajik interlocutors'

    openness.  People were unafraid to share their concerns about

    salaries, corruption, and a need for better training.  The

    Special Rapporteur will prepare a report on his visit for the UN

    High Commission on Human Rights; he should publish his full

    findings in Spring 2006.

     

    4.  (C)  Turning to other issues, Sotirov observed UNTOP's

    "relationship of trust" with the Tajik government allowed them

    to address a number of sensitive issues not specifically in

    their mandate.  For example, UNTOP was addressing a number of

    complaints they had received from citizens and inmates about

    food and sanitation conditions in prisons.  UNTOP experienced

    the same difficulties and frustratiQs as other international

    missions Qng through the MFA to get meetings (reftel), but

    characterized it as bureaucratic, not political.  "They don't

    have the administrative capacity to tackle requests."

     

    5.  (C)  Sotirov referred to the Iskandarov trial as a step in

    the "political elimination of the warlords" after the Civil War.

     He observed that democratic reforms were not an easy sell to

    the Tajik public for two reasons. First, many think democracy

    caused the civil war, so enthusiasm for democratic initiatives

    is limited.  Second, remembering the Civil War, many equate the

    political opposition with a potential military opposition.

     

    6.  (C)  COMMENT: It is not surprising that Tajik interlocutors

    spoke to the Special Rapporteur openly about problems of

    corruption and salaries-these are safe topics which generate

    much hand-wringing and head-nodding, but few viable solutions.

    UNTOP can sometimes take a cautious approach to the government

    of Tajikistan, and is careful to preserve its status and limited

    influence, but also uses its unique position to address problems

    delicately where other institutions have limited access.

     

     

    HOAGLAND

     

     

    NNNN

     

    =======================CABLE ENDS============================

     

     

    id: 44072

    date: 10/31/2005 11:11

    refid: 05DUSHANBE1746

    origin: Embassy Dushanbe

    classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

    destination:

    header:

    This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

     

     

     

    ----------------- header ends ----------------

     

    UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001746

     

    SIPDIS

     

     

    SENSITIVE

     

    STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, SA, EAP, EB

    NSC FOR MERKEL

     

    E.O. 12958: N/A

    TAGS: PREL, ECON, ETRD, ELAB, KDEM, JA, IN, AF, UZ, TI

    SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  JAPANESE CHARGE:  "TOKYO LOOKING FOR NEW IDEAS

    FOR CENTRAL ASIA"

     

     

    1.  (SBU) New Japanese Charge d'affaires Hiroshi Takahashi

    called on the Ambassador on October 26. Unlike his, Takahashi

    is energetic and brimming with ideas based on his extensive

    experience in Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.

     

    2.  (U) Takahashi noted his government established the "Japan

    Plus Central Asia Forum" in 2004, but has done relatively little

    to energize it.  Tokyo is now ready to move again and has asked

    for new ideas.

     

    3.  (SBU) Takahashi said Japan supports the U.S. and EU

    positions on the Andijon events in Uzbekistan but so far seems

    to be under Tashkent's radar.  As soon as Tashkent figures out

    Tokyo's position, Takahashi predicts it will be harder for Japan

    to do any business in Uzbekistan. Takahashi recommends that

    Japan concentrate on relations and development projects with

    Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and, especially Tajikistan.

     

    4.  (SBU) Takahashi judges Tajikistan is pivotal in Central Asia

    because of Afghanistan.   He sees two possible initiatives that

    would help build Tajik-Afghan ties. He will suggest that Tokyo

    encourage the creation of a "binational free-trade dry port" at

    the site of the new Tajik-Afghan bridge at Nizhniy Pyanzh.  He

    pointed out that Afghans have traditionally been great traders,

    and a free-port trade zone between Tajikistan and Afghanistan

    could help stimulate economic development in the region.

     

    5.  (SBU) Takahashi said he would like to see Tajik migrant

    laborers turn from Russia to Afghanistan, especially as large

    infrastructure construction projects take off in Afghanistan.

    He noted they would be closer to home, share a common language,

    and be treated better than in Russia. He added he would like to

    see Japan, the United States, and the European Union do much

    more to encourage Tajik companies to participate in Afghan

    reconstruction.  He said he knew the United States had once

    pushed this for Uzbekistan but, he alleged, President Karimov

    had undercut this initiative because he did not want Uzbek

    companies prospering abroad where he feared they might be beyond

    his control.

     

    6.  (SBU) The Ambassador noted that India, too, may be looking

    for greater involvement in Central Asia, and encouraged Tokyo

    and New Delhi to consider consulting how to promote economic and

    democratic development in the region. He noted that as "eastern

    democracies," both Japan and India would be especially

    well-placed to support Western efforts to promote democratic

    development.  Their participation would help to counter those

    among the old guard in Tajikistan who protest that democracy is

    a Western export inappropriate for Asian countries.

     

     

    HOAGLAND

     

     

    NNNN

     

    =======================CABLE ENDS============================

     

     

    id: 44168

    date: 11/1/2005 9:21

    refid: 05DUSHANBE1751

    origin: Embassy Dushanbe

    classification: UNCLASSIFIED

    destination:

    header:

    This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

     

     

     

    ----------------- header ends ----------------

     

    UNCLAS  DUSHANBE 001751

     

    SIPDIS

     

     

    E.O. 12958: N/A

    TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, ECON, SOCI, KISL, KDEM, TI

    SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  PROVINCIAL LIFE CHANGES SLOWLY

     

     

    1.  (U) Sensitive but unclassified.  Please handle accordingly.

    Not for public Internet.

     

    2.  (U) SUMMARY:  On October 27 in the southern city of Kurgan

    Tyube, EmbOffs met with a sampling of community leaders.  Change

    comes slowly in the provinces, old habits die hard, and the

    bureaucracy retains its power to interfere in business.  END

    SUMMARY.

     

    THE BUSINESSMAN

     

    3.  (SBU) Azim Aliyev, director of Open Stock Company ALI, a

    cannery privatized since 1996, intimated the local government

    still controls the management of the plant.  He suggested it is

    universally understood if a company fails to comply with the

    local government, it would be threatened with higher taxes, a

    cut in the electricity supply, or other measures of coercion.

    Somewhat reticent in offering specific examples, Aliyev admitted

    such actions have been taken against him in the past.  He echoed

    the familiar Tajik view that "Only stability leads to freedom."

    Aliyev declined PolOffs' request to tour the factory, saying

    that it was not fit to present. He expressed interest in

    learning more about the United States' private sector, and

    accepted an application for the Special American Business

    Internship Training program.

     

    THE ISLAMIC POLITICIAN

     

    4.  (SBU) The local head of the Islamic Revival Party of

    Tajikistan (IRPT), Hoji Qalandar Sadriddinov, conforms to the

    conciliatory message from IRPT leaders at the national level.

    He stressed, unlike other political parties that draw negative

    attention, the IRPT has a good relationship with the government.

     Even so, he cautiously cited some examples of the government

    cracking down on IRPT members and unfair representation at the

    polls in February's elections as areas needing improvement.  The

    growth of political pluralism, according to him, would depend on

    each party's leadership and popularity. He listed the top three

    issues of concern to Kurgan Tyube as jobs and salaries,

    corruption, and freedom of speech. There are no madrassas in

    Kurgan Tyube, and new construction of Friday Mosques, which

    typically attract a large number of worshipers, has not been

    permitted.  In addition, he admitted that drug trafficking has

    posed a problem in the region since 1995.  He argued the

    government uses the pretext of drug interdiction to stop certain

    shipments of goods throughout the region, detering trade and

    economic activity.

     

    THE FAMILY DOCTORS

     

    5.  (SBU) Embassy PolOffs visited the new family medicine clinic

    in Kurgan Tyube and met with USAID-funded Family Medicine

    Manager, Dr. Farida Asadova, and several other doctors.  The

    Ministry of Health initiated a program to retrain specialist

    doctors in family medicine in response to a shortage of family

    practitioners in Tajikistan. Tajik State Medical University

    graduates only about 36 family physicians each year.   Having

    more family doctors available to treat patients would save time

    and money for patients used to a system where they shuttle

    between specialists, paying each an under-the-table "gift" in

    exchange for services.   In an effort to avoid these unofficial

    payments, fees are stated up front at the clinic.  However,

    according to the doctors, patients are reluctant to pay such

    clearly stated fees, fully engrained with the Soviet-style

    mentality of medical care.  We have also heard that some of the

    doctors themselves are resisting the change.  The $16 they

    receive each month as a salary forces them to work for

    under-the-table donations.  The family doctors in Kurgan Tyube

    were optimistic the system will even itself out eventually and

    transparent payments will become the norm.

     

    6.  (SBU) COMMENT:  Change comes slowly in post-Soviet countries

    like Tajikistan, and even more slowly when the government itself

    is selective and ambivalent about reforms.  We suspect our

     

    interlocutors were reserved, at least in part, because they were

    meeting with U.S. Embassy officers without prior authorization

    from local authorities.   We had attempted to schedule a meeting

    with the Mayor of Kurgan Tyube, but did not go through the

    standard diplomatic-note routine. Since Dushanbe had not

    authorized Kulyob to authorize Kurgan Tyube, the mayor was "not

    available."    END COMMENT.

     

     

    HOAGLAND

     

     

    NNNN

     

    =======================CABLE ENDS============================

     

     

    id: 44490

    date: 11/4/2005 11:41

    refid: 05DUSHANBE1776

    origin: Embassy Dushanbe

    classification: CONFIDENTIAL

    destination:

    header:

    This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

     

     

     

    ----------------- header ends ----------------

     

    C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 001776

     

    SIPDIS

     

     

    STATE FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/ACE, EUR/PPD, SA, DRL

    ALMATY FOR USAID

     

    E.O. 12958: DECL:  11/4/2015

    TAGS: PREL, PGOV, EAID, KPAO, TI

    SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  REQUEST FOR GUIDANCE - BILATERAL INFORMATION

    AGREEMENT

     

    CLASSIFIED BY: Richard E. Hoagland, Ambassador, EXEC, Embassy

    Dushanbe.

    REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

     

    1.  (U) Request for guidance.  See para five below.

     

    2.  (C) In November 2003, President Rahmonov told the Ambassador

    he wanted to be able to broadcast a wider variety of news and

    opinion on Tajik State TV than simply Russia-generated material.

     The Embassy offered access to VOA-TV Russian-language

    broadcasts.  After many months of preparation, IBB in Prague

    sent the required receiving equipment to Dushanbe for

    installation at Tajik State TV. After months of equivocation,

    the Government of Tajikistan informed the Embassy that such

    broadcasts would be impossible unless the United States and

    Tajikistan completed and Bilateral Information Agreement.  We

    said we would look into it.

     

    3.  (C) The U.S. NGO Internews is finding it increasingly hard

    to fulfill its obligations to USAID and DRL grants in Tajikistan

    because of restrictive licensing laws and regulations for

    broadcast outlets and sources of production.  On October 26,

    Internews Country Director in Tajikistan, Troy Etulain, wrote to

    the Ambassador and suggested that Internews' roadblocks might be

    removed if the United States concluded a Bilateral Information

    Agreement (text of letter faxed to EUR/CACEN).  In fact, we

    doubt such a bilateral agreement would solve Internews'

    problems, because the fundamental issue is Tajikistan's strict

    control of its information space subsequent to "color

    revolutions" in Tbilisi, Kiev, and Bishkek, and prior to the

    late 2006 presidential election.

     

    4.  (C) In our opinion, a Bilateral Information Agreement would

    Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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