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07.09.201310:27
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-3

id: 42141

date: 10/6/2005 8:33

refid: 05DUSHANBE1613

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

 

 

----------------- header ends ----------------

 

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001613

 

SIPDIS

 

 

DEPT FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/PPD/PA, DRL

 

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, KDEM, KPAO, TI

SUBJECT: "JUSTICE" IN TAJIKISTAN: ISKANDAROV SENTENCED TO 23 YEARS IN

PRISON

 

 

1.  Tajikistan's Supreme Court sentenced Mahmadruzi Iskandarov,

former Chairman of the Democratic Party of Tajikistan and former

head of Tojikgaz, Tajikistan's state-run natural gas monopoly,

to 23 years in a maximum-security prison.  The court authorized

the government to strip Iskandarov of his rank of Major General,

confiscate his property, and take back Tajikistan's

third-highest honor, the Spitamen medal, awarded to Iskandarov

in 2001 when he was still in President Rahmonov's favor.  The

court also ordered restitution of over $470,000 allegedly taken

from Tojikgaz.  Iskandarov was convicted on eight counts under

the Tajik Criminal Code, including terrorism, banditry,

possession of illegal weapons, as well as forgery, bigamy, and

embezzlement of state funds. Iskandarov will certainly appeal

the verdict.

 

2.  Iskandarov's verdict comes two days after former United

Tajik Opposition field commander Yoribek "Shaykh" Ibrohimov

received a similar 22-year sentence for the same August 2004

shooting in Iskandarov's hometown of Tojikobod.  This city lies

in the middle of Tajikistan's politically sensitive Rasht

Valley, a former opposition stronghold. The Supreme Court

fingered Iskandarov as the ringleader of the "terrorist attack,"

adding that the crime was committed with "illegally-possessed

weapons."

 

3.  (SBU) COMMENT:  As recently as spring 2004, Rahmonov had

attempted a reconciliation with Iskandarov and had reportedly

offered him a major political position in return for his

support.  Iskandarov refused and made clear he would stand in

opposition at the next presidential election.  Many believe the

government used Iskandarov's trial to intimidate any potential

political challengers to President Rahmonov.  Social Democratic

Party Chairman, Rahmatullo Zoyirov, released a press statement

calling the trial "politically motivated" and the outcome

"ordered."  Post concurs; Iskandarov's arrest, trial, and

verdict appear politically motivated and could effectively scare

off contenders for the November 2006 presidential elections.

END COMMENT.

 

 

NNNN

 

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

 

 

id: 42144

date: 10/6/2005 10:04

refid: 05DUSHANBE1616

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

 

 

----------------- header ends ----------------

 

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 001616

 

SIPDIS

 

 

DEPT FOR EUR/CACEN, EUR/PPD/PA, DRL

 

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, KDEM, KPAO, TI

SUBJECT: "JUSTICE" IN TAJIKISTAN: ISKANDAROV SENTENCED TO 23 YEARS IN

PRISON

 

1.  Tajikistan's Supreme Court sentenced Mahmadruzi Iskandarov,

former Chairman of the Democratic Party of Tajikistan and former

head of Tojikgaz, Tajikistan's state-run natural gas monopoly,

to 23 years in a maximum-security prison.  The court authorized

the government to strip Iskandarov of his rank of Major General,

confiscate his property, and take back Tajikistan's

third-highest honor, the Spitamen medal, awarded to Iskandarov

in 2001 when he was still in President Rahmonov's favor.  The

court also ordered restitution of over $470,000 allegedly taken

from Tojikgaz.  Iskandarov was convicted on eight counts under

the Tajik Criminal Code, including terrorism, banditry,

possession of illegal weapons, as well as forgery, bigamy, and

embezzlement of state funds. Iskandarov will certainly appeal

the verdict.

 

2.  Iskandarov's verdict comes two days after former United

Tajik Opposition field commander Yoribek "Shaykh" Ibrohimov

received a similar 22-year sentence for the same August 2004

shooting in Iskandarov's hometown of Tojikobod.  This city lies

in the middle of Tajikistan's politically sensitive Rasht

Valley, a former opposition stronghold. The Supreme Court

fingered Iskandarov as the ringleader of the "terrorist attack,"

adding that the crime was committed with "illegally-possessed

weapons."

 

3.  (SBU) COMMENT:  As recently as spring 2004, Rahmonov had

attempted a reconciliation with Iskandarov and had reportedly

offered him a major political position in return for his

support.  Iskandarov refused and made clear he would stand in

opposition at the next presidential election.  Many believe the

government used Iskandarov's trial to intimidate any potential

political challengers to President Rahmonov.  Social Democratic

Party Chairman, Rahmatullo Zoyirov, released a press statement

calling the trial "politically motivated" and the outcome

"ordered."  Post concurs; Iskandarov's arrest, trial, and

verdict appear politically motivated and could effectively scare

off contenders for the November 2006 presidential elections.

END COMMENT.

 

 

NNNN

 

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

 

 

id: 42149

date: 10/6/2005 10:48

refid: 05DUSHANBE1617

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

 

 

----------------- header ends ----------------

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001617

 

SIPDIS

 

 

EUR/CACEN

S - SUSAN ELLIOTT

 

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/6/2015

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, TI

SUBJECT: SCENESETTER FOR VISIT OF SECRETARY RICE TO TAJIKISTAN

 

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard Hoagland, Ambassador, EXEC, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

 

Madame Secretary:

 

1. (U)  Embassy Dushanbe welcomes your visit to Tajikistan, the

first-ever by a Secretary of State to Tajikistan as an

independent country.  The historical importance is not lost on

Tajikistan's leaders or people. All will have high expectations

of a successful visit leading to closer cooperation.

 

TAJIKISTAN A KEY REGIONAL PLAYER

 

2. (U)  While it has taken Tajikistan some time to recover from

the civil war of the 1990's, it has taken even longer for the

international community to realize that Tajikistan is now firmly

on the map as a regional player in Central Asia.  Tajikistan

remains the poorest post-Soviet state, with many people getting

by on a monthly salary of only $30 a month.  However, that is

supplemented by Tajikistan's strong family networks and

remittances from Tajiks working abroad, mainly in Russia.

Tajikistan's leaders hope to break out of this economic dilemma

through an ambitious hydro-energy development effort that would

power not only a growing industrial capability at home, but also

Afghanistan and Pakistan, two countries with growing energy

requirements.

 

3. (U)  Tajikistan's borders are open to trade, despite

Uzbekistan's recalcitrance (Uzbekistan does not even allow

flights between Tashkent and Dushanbe) and there is growing

interest by China, Iran, Pakistan, and the other Central Asian

states in trading with this former Silk Road state.

 

TAJIK LEADERSHIP AND POLITICS

 

4. (C)  President Emomali Rahmonov is a former collective farm

administrator who has proven to be adept at moving his agenda at

a pace that the public accepts. Polls and our own observations

confirm that he is for now a respected and well-liked leader who

has brought stability to a country that experienced a wrenching

civil war.  Rahmonov can be ruthless with opponents, but some of

this opponents are indeed dangerous, such as the former Drug

Control Chief Mirzoyev, who probably would not have hesitated to

plot a coup against Rahmonov. could have threatened Rahmonov

for power.  The United States urged Rahmonov to remove Mirzoyev,

and he did.  Rahmonov's maneuvering has allowed him to run for

two additional seven-year terms, and potentially be in power

until 2020.  In that amount of time, he could certainly wear out

his welcome, especially if his inner circle is seen as corruptly

reaping too many of the benefits of Tajikistan's development.

Tajikistan is a secular, centralized but multi-party state with

most real decisions made by President Rahmonov.  Tajikistan

boasts the only legal Islamic Party in Central Asia.  The

government continues to improve in terms of delivering services

and accepting international norms.

 

U.S.-TAJIK RELATIONS

 

5.  (C)  There is definitely a reservoir of goodwill for the

United States because of U.S. humanitarian assistance during the

civil war.  The United States is still recognized as a major

partner, but Russia's influence is large and pervasive.  The

United States can only remain relevant in Tajikistan through

continued engagement - assistance for counternarcotics, border

management, and, increasingly, economic reform.  Attracting a

major U.S. company to Tajikistan would bolster the political

relationship enormously.  Mining, oil and gas, adventure

tourism, and hydropower are the most promising sectors for

economic development.

 

TAJIK-AFGHAN RELATIONS

 

6. (U)  While some Central Asian states see Afghanistan as

simply a source of instability and extremism, Tajikistan sees

Afghanistan as a good neighbor and a country whose future is

vitally tied to its own.  More than instability, it is drug

trafficking from Afghanistan transiting Tajikistan that

threatens Tajikistan's future. International assistance to help

Tajikistan police its own borders after this year's withdrawal

of Russian border forces is critical to Tajikistan remaining a

state with border integrity and indeed sovereignty.  There is a

danger of Tajikistan becoming a narco-state if the flow of drugs

is not limited.  President Rahmonov visits with President Karzai

regularly and supports Afghanistan publicly and through the few

means he has at his disposal, including with Drug Control Agents

operating in Afghanistan and cooperating with Afghan

 

authorities.

 

DEMOCRACY AND PRESS FREEDOM

 

7.  (C)  We're not there yet, but neither is this another

Uzbekistan.  Tajikistan is not in danger of a "Color Revolution"

because the government is genuinely popular and respected.

However, the government uses that popularity to deal

aggressively with opponents both in politics and the media.  The

Embassy tries to reinforce the message that those means of using

power are not needed and counterproductive.  We also emphasize

that greater democracy provides for greater stability, a key

theme of the President, given the country's collective fear of

returning to any sort of turbulence that could upset

Tajikistan's slow and steady progress.

 

 

HOAGLAND

 

 

NNNN

 

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

 

 

id: 42213

date: 10/7/2005 3:13

refid: 05DUSHANBE1620

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

This record is a partial extract of the original cable. The full text of the original cable is not available.

 

 

 

----------------- header ends ----------------

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L  DUSHANBE 001620

 

SIPDIS

 

 

E.O. 12958: DECL:  10/7/2015

TAGS: MCAP, TI

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0054 05/TAJIK BORDER GUARD ASSESSMENTS (U)

 

 

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (b)

 

CONFIDENTIAL

 

SIPDIS

 

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 6 947 0054 05.

 

COUNTRY:  (U) TAJIKISTAN (TI)

 

IPSP:  (U) IFC1116; IFC1139; IFC2230; IFC2540; IFC2550; IFC2330.

 

SUBJECT: IIR 6 947 0054 05/TAJIK BORDER GUARD ASSESSMENTS(U).

 

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY

EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  REPORT CLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL

 

--------------------------------------------- ---------

                  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

--------------------------------------------- ---------

 

DOI:  (U) 20050504

 

REQS: (U) DHCD1110547; DHCD111052; DHCD111053; DHCD111045;

DHCD111044; DHCD045061; U-UDX-1130-040-04.

 

SOURCE:  (C) //6 947 0024// RETIRED WESTERN MILITARY OFFICER

CURRENTLY WORKING WITH INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION WITH DIRECT

ACCESS TO THE INFORMATION.  USDAO HAS AN ESTABLISHED

RELATIONSHIP WITH SOURCE.  CONTEXT STATEMENT - RO AND SOURCE MET

IN AN INFORMAL SETTING BUT REPORT ITSELF WAS PASSED ON AN

OFFICIAL BASIS. SOURCE IS AWARE THAT INFORMATION WILL REACH U.S.

GOVERNMENT.

 

SUMMARY:  (C) REPORTS PROVIDE ASSESSMENT OF TAJIK BORDER GUARD

FORCES IN THE GORNO-BADAQHAN AUTONOMOUS REGION ALONG THE

TAJIK-AFGHANISTAN BORDER AND OF THE TAJIK BORDER GUARDS MORE

GENERALLY.  REPORTS ARE HIGHLY CRITICAL OF CURRENT BORDER GUARD

CAPABILITIES. ENCLOSURES.

 

TEXT: 1.  (C)  SOURCE VISITED THREE INTERNATIONAL BORDER

CROSSING POINTS AND SEVEN BORDER POSTS ALONG THE TAJIK-AFGHAN

BORDER.  NONE OF THE CROSSING POINTS OR POSTS HAD AN OPERATIONAL

VEHICLE, BACKUP POWER, OR IT EQUIPMENT AND THOSE FEW EQUIPPED

WITH RADIOS HAD TO FLAG DOWN CIVILIAN VEHICLES TO TRAVEL TO THE

NEAREST VILLAGE TO CHARGE THE RADIO BATTERIES.

 

2.  (C) THE FOLLOWING BORDER CROSSING POSTS WERE VISITED:

DARVOZ //GEOCOORD: 3827.25N/07049.668E//,

KHOROGH (TEM) //GEOCOORD: 3731.717N/07130.282E//,

ISKASHIM //GEOCOORD: 3701.262N/07127.856E//.

 

3. (C) THE FOLLOWING BORDER POSTS WERE VISITED:

ISKASHIM - 3KM NORTHWEST OF CROSSING POINT, HOUSES CROSSING

POINT BORDER GUARDS;

YOGET //GEOCOORD: 3820.884N/07036.719E//;

VISHKARV - LOCATED ALONG THE ROAD BETWEEN THE TOWN OF DARVOZ AND

THE DASHTAK BORDER POST;

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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