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11.02.201413:09
Источник изображения: ИА "Авеста"

Выпуск-31

id: 64547

date: 5/18/2006 13:22

refid: 06DUSHANBE909

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: SECRET

destination: 06DUSHANBE870|06DUSHANBE908

header:

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ZNY SSSSS ZZH

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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7526

INFO RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE

RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC

RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC

RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA 1632

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RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1375

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 8780

----------------- header ends ----------------

S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 04 DUSHANBE 000909

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN, INL, S/P

NSC FOR MILLARD, MERKEL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  5/18/2016

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, SNAR, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN HOSTS REGIONAL CN CONFERENCE

REF: A) DUSHANBE 908 B) DUSHANBE 870

CLASSIFIED BY: Jonathan Edwards, DATT, USDAO Dushanbe, DIA.

REASON: 1.4 (d)

1.  (U)  SUMMARY:  The George C. Marshall European Center for

Security

Studies along with U.S. CENTCOM and Tajikistan's Committee on

State

Border Protection organized the International Conference on

Counter

Narcotics and the second Meeting of the Central and South Asia

Counter

Narcotics Security Working Group in Dushanbe, Tajikistan May

15-17.  Ten

countries including the Central Asian countries, except for

Uzbekistan,

Afghanistan and Pakistan sent senior representatives to discuss

security

and border cooperation.  Tajikistan's Chairman of the State

Border

Committee General-Colonel Saidimir Zuhurov chaired the

conference and

hosted senior level participants on excursion trips to the U.S.

Army

Corps of Engineers bridge construction site at Nizhny-Pyanzh and

border

posts to see what is already underway to strengthen border

protection

and get a first hand understanding of the work that remains.

Over the

three-day conference, a Sub-Group drafted concrete

recommendations on

regional border cooperation (reftel A).  END SUMMARY.

RAHMONOV KICKS OFF CONFERENCE

2.  (U)  As the keynote speaker, President Rahmonov kicked off

the

conference with an energetic speech reiterating Tajikistan's

commitment

to fighting terrorism and drug-trafficking.  He called for

international

support, not just regional cooperation, on securing borders and

strengthening Afghanistan to stem drug production.

3.  (U)  Often putting aside his notes, Rahmonov told stories of

local

Afghans who have no other choice but to grow opium for their

livelihood.

He cited Afghanistan's high unemployment rate as the root cause

of high

drug production and made a plug for the Dasti-Zhum hydropower

project as

a means to supply energy to Afghanistan as well as irrigate 1.5

million

hectares of land and provide jobs.

4.  (U)  Rahmonov also cited Tajikistan's good record on drug

interdiction and its success serving as a buffer country for

drugs

trafficked through Central Asia to Europe.  In the first quarter

of this

year alone, drug seizures have risen by 26%.  Over the past 10

years

Tajikistan has confiscated more than 60 tons of drugs, more than

50% of

which was heroin.  Tajikistan is the fourth in the world when it

comes

to amount of drugs seized and the first in the former Soviet

Union.  The

Drug Control Agency and other security bodies are taking an

aggressive

approach to fighting drugs. They have arrested thousands of

traffickers

and targeted drug demand, reducing the number of drug addicts

from

nearly 30,000 to 6,000 over the past ten years.  In the past

DUSHANBE 00000909  002 OF 004

five years

they have arrested more then 500 government officials involved

in drug

trafficking.

5.  (U)  Rahmonov emphasized that Afghanistan and Central Asia's

drug

problem is an "evil" that afflicts the entire world.

International

donor assistance is needed and only a unified approach can solve

the

problem.

RUSSIAN NON-PARTICIPATION

6.  (S)  Prior to the conference, Post learned the Russians were

not

willing to participate and encouraged regional countries to

boycott the

conference (reftel B), but the Russians made their presence known

throughout the three-day affair.  The Russian station chief in

Dushanbe

made an appearance at the conference.

7.  (S)  Although the Embassy had contracted two Tajik Air

helicopters

to fly participants to the border on the first day and Nurek the

second

day of the conference, upon arrival at the airport the second

day, the

group was informed one Tajik Air helicopter was not available,

and

participants would have to fly in an Border Guard MI-8.  Colonel

Tojibaev, Chief of the Border Guard Foreign Relations Department

later

informed the DATT the Tajik helicopter at the last minute was

redirected

to take the Russian and Tajik Transport Ministers to visit the

Nurek dam

site, coincidentally the same place the conference delegation

was going

for lunch.  The Russian and Tajik ministers also lunched at the

same

venue.  The helicopter carrying the ministers also flew over the

border

outpost while the conference's international delegation toured

the

sites.  (COMMENT:  The helicopter heist was likely purposeful

because

plenty of Russian helicopters were sitting at the Dushanbe

airport idle.

END COMMENT.)

TAJIK-HOSTED BORDER EXCURSIONS

8.  (U)  The Conference's Senior Executive Committee, including

INL's

Assistant Secretary Anne Patterson, the German Ambassador, the

U.K.'s

Head of the Drug and International Crime Department, Pakistan's

Minister

of Narcotics Control and Post's DCM and DATT flew down in three

helicopters to the Nizhny-Pyanzh bridge site where the U.S. Army

Corps

of Engineers is constructing a $33 million bridge between

Tajikistan and

Afghanistan.  The Corps of Engineers briefed the seniors on the

construction details of the bridge.  The delegation crossed the

bridge

over to the Afghan side where the engineers briefed them

further.  The

U.S.-funded bridge is an integral part of Afghan reconstruction

linking

trading routes and a road network that will eventually start from

Kazakhstan and run through Afghanistan to southern ports.

9.  (SBU)  Realizing the bridge would more easily facilitate the

DUSHANBE 00000909  003 OF 004

transport of goods north and south, some were concerned the

bridge would

also allow for increased drug trafficking.   The Senior Executive

Committee visited the border post on the Tajik side.  Mirrored

border

posts on both sides of the bridge are being renovated and

modernized.

In addition, modern customs checkpoints and inspection areas are

also

being constructed.  The border areas have been well thought out

and

designed to maximize the economic benefits of trade, but also

take into

account the need to aggressively target drug-traffickers.

10.  (C)  On the second day of the conference, the Senior

Executive

Committee visited the Khirmanjo border post on the Tajik-Afghan

border.

The Tajik border facilities are ill-equipped and do not have

modern

amenities, many without access to water or electricity.

Flooding has

destroyed roads along the southern Tajik border making some

checkpoints

inaccessible by vehicle and the delivery of supplies difficult.

At some

border posts, soldiers have to manually carry water from a local

stream

for use.  When the Russian border guards left Tajikistan, they

stripped

the facilities of their technical equipment including

communications

systems.  In order to renovate the one border outpost at

Khirmanjo, it

would cost $410,000.  To date, the United States has provided

uniforms,

food and fuel to run the outpost's generators.  Due to the remote

location of the border posts and poor transportation

infrastructure,

bulldozers to widen roads would be needed to get materials to the

outpost.

11.  (C)  The United States assists border checkpoints and

outposts

along the southern Tajik border from Uzbekistan to Kalaykuum,

which is

approximately half of the southern border.  Nineteen border

posts line

that stretch with 660 soldiers, ten border posts of which are in

need of

assistance.  In total, 6,700 Tajik soldiers at 47 posts are

supposed to

man the southern border with Afghanistan, however, in reality the

numbers are most likely lower, with at most 40 guards per

outpost.  In

between checkpoints, Tajik guards patrol the border on foot,

horseback

or donkey.

12.  (C)  The European Union's Border Management Program in

Central Asia

(BOMCA) assists posts from Kalaykuum to Ishkashim.  Although

BOMCA is

supposed to assist outposts from Ishkashim all the way to the

Chinese

border, the reality is that the area is unmanaged.  Outposts

have not

been renovated or received assistance.  It is one of the most

vulnerable

border areas and is where the entrance to one of the more highly

trafficked routes for illicit activity is located.  Tajikistan's

eastern

border with China is extremely difficult to traverse through due

to the

mountainous terrain.  The Chinese have also set up fencing all

along the

DUSHANBE 00000909  004 OF 004

border and allowed for one crossing point that is well guarded.

13.  (U)  After the visit to Khirmanjo, General Zuhurov

scheduled a

visit to the Nurek dam site for a tour of the facilities and

boat ride

in the placid reservoir.  Nurek is a popular tourist site for

local

Tajiks during the hot summer months and Tajikistan is especially

proud

of its energy capabilities.  General Zuhurov treated the group

to a

typical large Tajik spread outdoors by the dam.

14.  (C)  COMMENT:  Despite the hot weather and at times

over-the-top

Tajik hospitality, it is useful for senior delegates to see

firsthand

the difficult challenges Tajikistan faces in managing border

outposts.

With 38 drug production labs in Northern Afghanistan, Tajikistan

is

literally on the frontlines of the war against drugs.  Regional

cooperation, increased training for guards and officials and

modern

equipment are much needed tools to stem drug-trafficking.

Because of

the regional countries' poor status, the war against drugs

cannot be

fought without international assistance.  END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 64683

date: 5/19/2006 10:52

refid: 06BEIJING9673

origin: Embassy Beijing

classification: CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN

destination: 06SECSTATE72746BEIJING8117BEIJING9506

header:

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ZNY CCCCC ZZH

O 191052Z MAY 06

FM AMEMBASSY BEIJING

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5973

INFO RUEHOO/CHINA POSTS COLLECTIVE

RUEHTA/AMEMBASSY ALMATY 1818

RUEHAH/AMEMBASSY ASHGABAT 0672

RUEHEK/AMEMBASSY BISHKEK 1223

RUEHTA/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE

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RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 0234

RUEHNT/AMEMBASSY TASHKENT 1061

RUEHUM/AMEMBASSY ULAANBAATAR 3403

RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC

RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC

RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 04 BEIJING 009673

SIPDIS

NOFORN

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: DECL: 05/19/2016

TAGS: PREL, MARR, RS, CH, KZ, TI, UZ

SUBJECT: SCO: MFA, SCO SECRETARIAT AND RUSSIAN EMBASSY

DISCUSS UPCOMING SUMMIT, IRANIAN PRESIDENT'S PARTICIPATION

AND DOWNPLAY EXPANSION

REF: A. SECSTATE 72746 BEIJING 8117 BEIJING 9506

     B. BEIJING 8927

Classified By: Political External Unit Chief Edgard Kagan.

Reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

Summary

-------

1.  (C) Senior Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

official Du Wei, who serves as Assistant to SCO Secretary

General Zhang Deguang, expressed understanding of U.S.

concerns regarding the possibility of statements critical

of the U.S. presence in Central Asia being issued at the

June SCO Summit and said he would convey our views to the

group's members.  Russia's Permanent Representative to the

SCO Secretariat stated that the declaration will not

address the issue of coalition forces in Central Asia.

According to an MFA official handling SCO affairs, Beijing

recognizes U.S. apprehension and does not wish to see any

"unpleasant stance or situation" at the June Summit that

does not serve the interests of U.S.-China relations.  Our

contacts highlighted that statements made by individual

observer country representatives do not represent the

official SCO or Chinese position.  The Iran nuclear issue

will not be "specifically or formally" raised during the

Summit, Du asserted.  There is no plan for the joint

Declaration to address the Iran or Coalition force issue,

but the document will outline members' views on certain

international situations.  In preparation for the Summit,

the May 15 Foreign Ministers' Meeting approved draft

documents on SCO election observers, cooperation between

SCO member and observer states and coordination between

Afghanistan and the various SCO institutions for the heads-

of-state to endorse at the Summit, the MFA reported.  While

the SCO will not become a "security haven" for member

countries, security cooperation is fundamental for further

development.  End Summary.

Declaration Not Likely to Include Coalition Forces

--------------------------------------------- -----

2. (C) Assistant to Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

Secretary General Zhang Deguang, Du Wei, thanked poloff for

SIPDIS

his May 18 delivery of Ref A points on the June SCO Summit

and expressed understanding of U.S. concerns.  While poloff

explained that the United States is delivering the same

message separately to all SCO members, Du stated that the

Secretariat has the responsibility to pass the information

SIPDIS

along to member nations, pending Secretary General Zhang's

approval.

3. (C) Deputy Director of the MFA Department of European

and Central Asian Affairs Fifth (SCO) Division Wang Wenli

(Ref B), in a separate meeting on May 19, noted that she

was aware of the concerns recently conveyed by high-level

U.S. officials to the MFA (Ref C), as well as discussed by

Presidents Bush and Hu, over the July 2005 Astana

Declaration's call for a deadline for U.S. troop withdrawal

from Central Asia.  Wang said that following the Astana

Summit, China stressed on several occasions its respect for

other SCO members' requests and decisions, which were the

main factors behind the statement's inclusion in the Astana

Declaration.  The PRC understands that the United States

does not wish to see similar language issued during the

Shanghai Summit in June, she remarked, adding that the two

countries share the interests of regional peace, stability

and prosperity.  Wang maintained that the member states

have not discussed incorporating language on the Iran

nuclear issue or the presence of Coalition forces in the

region in the joint Declaration to be issued in Shanghai.

Beijing does not want such issues to be included in the

Declaration or see any "unpleasant stance or situation" at

the June Summit that does not serve the interests of U.S.-

China relations.

4. (C) In a separate May 18 meeting, Russian Federation

Permanent Representative to the SCO Secretariat Gregory

BEIJING 00009673  002 OF 004

Logvinov told the A/DCM that the SCO Summit Declaration

would not address Coalition forces in Central Asia.  He

said that the SCO's current position is that the issue

should be handled bilaterally.

Iranian President Will Attend

-----------------------------

5. (C) Du said that he had "heard" that Iranian President

Ahmadinejad will attend the Summit, and the MFA

subsequently confirmed Iran's acceptance of the invitation.

Wang noted that Ahmadinejad has begun to arrange bilateral

meetings during the Summit and that China and Iran are also

discussing a possible bilateral event.  Du asserted that

all observer nations have the right to attend most SCO

events.  President Ahmadinejad attended and spoke at last

September's UN High-Level Event, and neither the U.S.

Government nor UN Secretary-General Annan would have denied

him these rights.

Iran's Statements not Representative of SCO or China

--------------------------------------------- -------

6.  (C) Du and Wang stressed, however, using almost

identical language, that statements by individual observer

country officials do not represent the official SCO

position.  Wang added that they also do not represent the

PRC position.  The SCO does not want any statement issued

at the Summit to run contrary to the principles and spirit

of the SCO, Du remarked.  He said he did not expect

sensitive issues involving its observers, such as India-

Pakistan tensions or the Iran nuclear issue, to negatively

affect the SCO's operation.  The SCO offers observer

nations a favorable environment for resolving their

internal problems and preventing an "escalation of

disagreements."  Du also highlighted that they are not full

members and therefore exert limited influence on the

organization.

7.  (C) Wang exhibited a greater degree of anxiety over the

possibility that President Ahmadinejad might make certain

contentious statements at the Summit and that the media

would play up these remarks.  The MFA does not have the

authority or leverage to persuade him to soften his

rhetoric.  She maintained, nonetheless, that the Iranian

President will not have the opportunity to manipulate the

SCO into adopting a common stance in support of Tehran's

position on the nuclear issue.  As an observer, Iran is

only invited to the general session, not the closed-door

heads of states' or working-level meetings reserved for

members.  President Ahmadinejad will not be permitted to

sign the Declaration or other agreements, she noted.

8.  (C) Logvinov stated that Beijing is very anxious about

Ahmadinejad's involvement in the Summit and predicted that

future developments in the Iran nuclear crisis could

preclude Ahamdinejad's participation (Ref C).

Iran Issue Will Not Be "Formally" Addressed

-------------------------------------------

9. (C) Asked whether the SCO would adopt a position on

Iran's nuclear program at the Summit, Du stated that the

Iran nuclear issue has not been "formally" adopted into the

Summit agenda and will not be "specifically or formally"

addressed during the event.  Remarking that he had not seen

a finalized version of the agenda, Du reported that the

joint Declaration will summarize and evaluate the SCO's

progress over the past five years, analyze the current

state of SCO cooperation in various fields and outline

goals for the next five years of development.  The document

will also touch on member states' views toward certain

international and regional issues.  Based on the procedures

and discussions among SCO members, there is no current plan

to raise the Iran nuclear issue at the Summit, Wang

confirmed.  She remarked, however, that given SCO

countries' concern over the issue, an escalation in the

situation could force the SCO to adopt a common position in

BEIJING 00009673  003.2 OF 004

the future.

10. (C) Logvinov commented that the SCO "does not support"

Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons, pointing out that as

an observer Iran is obligated to uphold the principle of

nonproliferation.  He also said that Iran is expected to

uphold the principle of mutual respect for all nations,

cultures and civilizations.

The SCO Will Not Serve as a "Security Haven"

--------------------------------------------

11.  (C) While some member states hope the SCO will focus

more on security, Wang asserted that the SCO will not

become a military alliance or an organization that provides

a "security haven" for its members.  Remarking that the SCO

must expand into a wide range of fields, she stated that

security cooperation is nonetheless the foundation for

further development in Central Asia, particularly through

combating the "Three Forces" of terrorism, extremism and

separatism, as well as drug trafficking.  Central Asian

countries also want to see China and Russia play a greater

role in their development through increased economic and

trade cooperation.  Wang stated that at the June Summit

China will announce some large-scale bilateral assistance

projects funded with the USD 900 million in preferential

credit loans pledged by Beijing last year.

No New Membership, New Observers Unlikely

-----------------------------------------

12. (C) Responding to poloff's question about a possible

announcement of new members during the Summit, Du noted

that he is frequently asked about plans for SCO expansion.

Echoing previous MFA statements (Ref B), he highlighted

that the SCO lacks the legal foundation for and a common

stance on absorbing news members.  The topic will not be

"officially" included in the Summit agenda.  Du

acknowledged that there is strong interest among current

observers to obtain full membership and remarked that

observers are theoretically "one step closer" to becoming

full members.  Noting that the four current observers all

border SCO member states, he asserted that geographic

proximity is a necessary precondition for potential new

members.  Du expressed doubt that new observers will be

admitted in the near future, remarking that the

organization still requires some time to "digest" its

current observers.  The SCO is now formulating an agreement

that will standardize the relationships between member and

observer nations.  Logvinov said that it is "impossible" to

expand the SCO at present and noted that drafting the legal

procedures for expansion has been "hell work."  Logvinov

claims that despite pressure to expand, the SCO will not

address this issue at the Summit.

Other Summit Participants

-------------------------

13. (C) In addition to the six member and four observer

countries, representatives from Afghanistan, ASEAN, CIS and

possibly the UN, in which the SCO possesses observer

status, will attend the June Summit, Du stated.  Wang

reported that Pakistani President Musharraf, CIS Executive

Secretary Rushailo and an unspecified ASEAN Deputy

SIPDIS

Secretary General have already responded positively to the

SIPDIS

SCO's invitations.  China is still discussing participation

with Mongolia and India.

Foreign Ministers' Meeting: Focused on Internal Regulations

--------------------------------------------- --------------

14.  (C) Wang stated that the May 15 SCO Foreign Ministers'

Meeting in Shanghai focused on preparations for the June

Summit, although the agenda and schedule will be finalized

at a vice foreign minister-level meeting a few days prior

to the Summit.  The May 15 Foreign Ministers' Meeting

approved several draft documents for the heads-of-states to

endorse at the Summit, the first of which standardized the

BEIJING 00009673  004 OF 004

procedures and strengthened the legal framework for the SCO

election observer mechanism.  While the SCO has already

begun to send observers during member countries'

presidential elections, this agreement discusses procedures

for forming observer committees and standard reporting

practices, she said.  The Foreign Ministers also approved a

document regulating cooperation and interaction between

members and observer states.  The third draft approved was

an internal SCO document on enhancing coordination between

Afghanistan and the various SCO institutions, including the

Secretariat, building on the 2005 establishment of the SCO-

SIPDIS

Afghanistan Contact Group.  Wang stated that SCO countries

have provided significant assistance to Afghanistan in

counterterrorism and counter-narcotics over the past few

years and highlighted the importance the SCO places on

Afghanistan's stability.

15. (C) Logvinov claims that the Foreign Minister's meeting

approved 10 draft documents for approval at the Summit.  In

addition to the drafts on SCO's internal mechanizations,

the Summit will announce statements on education, economic

development and cooperation, energy cooperation, and joint

law enforcement activities.  Logvinov also noted that the

SCO observers have requested that English be adopted as the

third formal language of the organization after Chinese and

Russian.

China's Future Role in Secretariat Undecided

--------------------------------------------

16.  (C) According to SCO procedures, Kazakhstan will be

offered the role of Secretary General at the Summit, Wang

noted.  It is unclear whether China will retain a deputy-

level position within the Secretariat.  Wang said that

member states have still not reached a final decision on

which country will receive the next Regional Anti-Terrorism

Structure (RATS) directorship.

RANDT

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 64705

date: 5/19/2006 12:29

refid: 06DUSHANBE920

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

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PP RUEHLN RUEHVK RUEHYG

DE RUEHDBU #0920/01 1391229

ZNR UUUUU ZZH

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INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE

RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC

RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA 1636

RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1638

RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN 1610

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RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC

RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

RHMFIUU/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE

RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1163

RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 1589

RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 1631

RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS 0950

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 8794

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 000920

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN, DRL

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, PHUM, KDEM, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  ELECTIONS COMMISSION APPEALS FOR INTERNATIONAL

ASSISTANCE

DUSHANBE 00000920  001.2 OF 002

1.  Heads of diplomatic missions convened at the United Nations

Tajikistan Office of Peacebuilding (UNTOP) for the international

donor community's monthly meeting on electoral issues May 17.

Mirzoali Boltuyev, Chairman of the Central Commission on

Elections and Referenda (CCER), presented a chart outlining

concrete actions the CCER proposes to take in order to improve

upon the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe's

(OSCE) criticism of the 2005 parliamentary elections.

2.  Boltuyev made clear to international donors the government

of Tajikistan would like to hold a transparent election, fully

compliant with Tajik law and international standards.  However,

the technical assistance required to bring the election up to

that level means Tajikistan would require international donor

support.  The CCER and Center for Strategic Research (CRS)

together with IFES formed a working group to tackle election

reform.  The group took each one of the OSCE's criticism

mentioned in their 2005 parliamentary report and suggested

concrete actions to remedy the problem.  The chart, based on the

OSCE report for the 2005 parliamentary elections, is a work in

progress and modifications may be needed because presidential

election procedures are different.  Participants encouraged the

CCER to share the chart with political parties for their input

and buy-in to the process, noting that their involvement would

boost the election's validity.

3.  The chart suggests wide-ranging changes, not all of which

would require financial assistance.   Some recommended actions

include targeted voter education programs for women and young

adults and preparing reference manuals for local government

officials explaining their legal obligations and restrictions,

designed to reduce local government interference.  The chart

also lists amendments to laws clearly defining local officials'

roles and implementing fines if officials overstep their

authorities.  Procedural changes such as securing ballots are

also included in the chart.  Technical assistance, such as

procuring indelible ink and pens, is required.  The media will

be invited to key events such as ballot printings to ensure

transparency, and the CCER hopes to receive funding to organize

television debates and issue media spots to publicize election

rules and activities.

4.  The Tajik government plans to host a two-day conference in

July to discuss the constitution and presidential election law,

criteria for permitting observers and assessment missions as

well as how to improve voters' rights and the CCER's role in the

election.  Parliament will officially announce the November

presidential election in August.  It is then the CCER will

establish 68 district election committees and 3,000 precinct

committees.

5.  NOTE:  Patrick Bradley from the United Nations Elections

Needs Assessment Mission was also present at the meeting.

Foreign Minister Nazarov wrote a letter to the UN's Secretary

General requesting a Needs Assessment Mission.  Unfortunately

Bradley could not share his report to the Secretary General,

because most of it will be confidential and used to determine UN

assistance for the November presidential election.  END NOTE.

6.  COMMENT:   All of this is the result of the work IFES has

been doing since the beginning of the year with the CCER and the

President's Strategic Research Center.  It is especially

heartening that Boltuyev has gone public with the international

donor community.  We are grateful for DRL's extraordinary

election-year grant to accomplish this work.  We will work with

IFES to analyze the charts to see what really needs to be

funded, and may propose a demarche to donor capitals.  The

international community that cares about democracy has a chance

to help Tajikistan do something right.  When Dushanbe appears

DUSHANBE 00000920  002.2 OF 002

increasingly committed to taking significant steps forward in

the conduct of the November presidential election, we cannot

afford to let them down.  END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 64856

date: 5/22/2006 7:14

refid: 06DUSHANBE928

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination:

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RUEHNT/AMEMBASSY TASHKENT 0608

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----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 000928

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

SIPDIS

SCA/CEN; ECA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, EAID, SOCI, UZ, TI

SUBJECT: PENJIKENT:  ANCIENT CITY, MODERN PROBLEMS

DUSHANBE 00000928  001.2 OF 002

SENSITIVE BUT UNCLASSIFIED, PLEASE HANDLE ACCORDINGLY.  NOT FOR

PUBLIC INTERNET.

1.  (U)  Penjikent, one of Central Asia's ancient cities, faces

many modern problems, all compounded by its double isolation.

Cut off from Dushanbe and its markets to the south by

snow-blocked mountain passes six months of the year, and now

restricted from the markets of neighboring Uzbekistan due to

strained Uzbek-Tajik relations.  With the border just a few

kilometers away, trade should be bustling, but Tajiks have a

hard time getting visas from Uzbekistan.  While Penjikent should

be a vibrant border trade town, this city of 200,000 is forced

to find other ways survive.  DCM and PAO visited Penjikent May

17-20 to dedicate houses built by Shelter for Life for flood

victims, open a Schools Online Internet Learning Center, meet

local civil society leaders, open an Ambassador's Fund for

Cultural Preservation project (septel), and visit the local gold

mine (septel).

2. (U)  Penjikent is a beautiful city, surrounded by good

farmland, and further out by high mountains.  It is not

surprising that a local farmer found an ancient axe handle in

the 1970's that led to the discovery of an ancient civilization.

 Penjikent claims a history of 5,500 years and many of the

artifacts point to Penjikent having a rich culture and trade

with cities now in India, Iran, and many other countries in the

region.  The Ambassador's Fund for Cultural Preservation is

helping local museum curators protect and document this cultural

heritage, some of which is now on display in the Hermitage

Museum in St. Petersburg.

3. (U)  Tourists could travel from Samarkand and Bukhara, also

ancient Tajik cities now in Uzbekistan, but Tajik-Uzbek

relations are strained and trade and tourism have dropped to a

trickle.  To make ends meet, many men have left their families

and are working in Russia.  When they return, some are HIV/AIDS

positive.  One civil society leader described the mix of

unemployment, families in crisis, and HIV/AIDS as the most

serious challenge facing the region.

4. (U)  Penjikent is also prone to natural disasters.  Emboffs

dedicated 120 new homes built with U.S. funding for families

whose homes were washed out last year.  For the villagers, the

homes provide shelter, but the new village, "Sarazm," is located

on the plains, not on the mountains, and they've had to adapt to

the hotter weather and more austere conditions for their

livestock.  The City of Penjikent also contributed to the

project, along with local businesses.

5. (U)  The U.S.-funded Relief International internet project

highlighted just how much talent there is in the area.  The DCM

asked how many students spoke English.  He then selected a

volunteer to translate his remarks.  The student translator did

an excellent job.  Although he had applied three times for an

exchange program in the United States, and although his marks

were "excellent," he was not selected.  Post hopes Tajikistan's

DUSHANBE 00000928  002.2 OF 002

more remote regions are also given consideration for exchange

programs, although we recognize there is better access to

quality education in Dushanbe and Khojand.

6. (U)  Emboffs had breakfast with the Mayor and his team, and

the Mayor also took part in the internet program, but he was

also hosting the Iranian Ambassador and another local

delegation.  Iran's Anzob Tunnel project should reduce

Penjikent's isolation and allow locals access to Dushanbe year

round.  Our trip over the pass included a half hour delay to

repair the dirt road that had washed away overnight during heavy

rains.  Tractors were on the scene and made the repair in good

time, but a first-class paved road is badly needed.

7. (SBU)  COMMENT:  As elsewhere in Tajikistan, the United

States is seen in a good light in Penjikent.  Our cultural,

educational, humanitarian and exchange programs all make a real

difference.  And there, as elsewhere, they are waiting for

American companies to come.  We will put local entrepreneurs in

touch with the Lancaster company, a U.S. dried fruit exporter

opening its Central Asian headquarters in Dushanbe this summer.

We also hope that relations with Uzbekistan improve and give

farmers and businessmen in Penjikent access to Uzbek markets.

Knowledgeable sources in Penjikent worry that Uzbek authorities

were behind a recent attack on a northern Tajik border post, and

that the Uzbeks will find pretexts like the attack to prevent

relations from improving.  END COMMENT.

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 65052

date: 5/23/2006 10:57

refid: 06DUSHANBE944

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

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RR RUEHLN RUEHVK RUEHYG

DE RUEHDBU #0944 1431057

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RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 1635

RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS 0954

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 8840

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 000944

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, ECON, ETRD, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIK CAPITAL CLAMPS DOWN ON CD PIRACY

1.  Tajikistan is building on its impressive narcotics

interdiction record with a new campaign against CD piracy.

According to Asia, Plus, the tax police, Ministry of Security

and other law enforcement agencies have seized over 90,000 CDs

and DVDs in a month-long operation.  Raids on Dushanbe vendors

have resulted in shutting down 35 pirate operations.  Most of

the illegal, unlicensed merchandise is imported into Tajikistan,

probably from Russia, but possibly from China too.  News reports

claim that Tajikistan is considering asking for Russian help to

further the investigation.

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 65056

date: 5/23/2006 11:14

refid: 06DUSHANBE945

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 06STATE81632

header:

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RR RUEHDBU

DE RUEHDBU #0945 1431114

ZNR UUUUU ZZH

R 231114Z MAY 06

FM AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7582

INFO RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 8841

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RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

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----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS DUSHANBE 000945

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KDEM, KPAO, IZ, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  SEEKING PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR IRAQI GOVT FORMATION

TALKING POINTS DELIVERED

REF: STATE 81632

1.  DCM delivered talking points per reftel to Ismatullo

Nasredinov, Head of the Department of European and American

Countries at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs May 22.  Nasredinov

promised to pass the points on to the MFA's Asia and Africa desk

and will respond to the Embassy if the desk has any comments.

Nasredinov commented that Tajikistan views the formation of the

Iraqi government positively.

2.  The Embassy has also issued a press release noting the

successful formation of the Iraqi government.

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 65215

date: 5/24/2006 8:41

refid: 06DUSHANBE949

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination:

header:

VZCZCXRO5414

OO RUEHDBU

DE RUEHDBU #0949 1440841

ZNY CCCCC ZZH

O 240841Z MAY 06

FM AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7589

INFO RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 8848

RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 1169

RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC

----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 000949

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR IO, SCA/CEN, DRL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  5/24/2016

TAGS: PREL, KDEM, UN, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  UNTOP MANDATE NEEDS IMMEDIATE RENEWAL ACTION

CLASSIFIED BY: Richard E. Hoagland, Ambassador, EXEC, Embassy

Dushanbe.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (C) UN Secretary General's Special Representative Ambassador

Vladimir Sotirov (please protect throughout) of the United

Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace-building (UNTOP) asked to see

the Ambassador urgently on May 24.

2.  (SBU) In mid-May every year, the UN Security Council extends

the UNTOP mandate based on the Secretary-General's

recommendation to the President of the Security Council.  The

current UNTOP mandate will expire on May 31, but no action has

been taken so far.

3.  (C) Ambassador Sotirov suggested it would be most useful for

the USUN mission to ask the President of the Security Council to

move quickly on this issue.

4.  (SBU) The Ambassador fully concurs.  UNTOP, highly

professional and an honest political broker, is essential in

Tajikistan.  UNTOP is active in building national mechanisms for

conflict prevention, strengthening rule of law, promoting human

and civil rights, and - most important - establishing national

dialogue during election periods.  Tajikistan's next

presidential election will be in November.

5.  (C) UNTOP just received a two-year $883,000 grant from

Sweden's CIDA for democracy, human rights, and mass media.  All

proposed projects fit hand-in-glove with U.S. transformational

diplomacy goals and objectives.

4.  (C) Embassy Dushanbe asks that USUN consider pressing for

immediate action to extend UNTOP's annual mandate.

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 65425

date: 5/25/2006 11:02

refid: 06DUSHANBE977

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

destination:

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DE RUEHDBU #0977/01 1451102

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RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

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RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1170

RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 1594

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RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS 0956

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 8880

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 DUSHANBE 000977

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, ECON, EAGR, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN:  LAND DEBT RESOLUTION SLOW GOING:  MORE DONOR

ASSISTANCE, LESS CONFLICT OF INTEREST NEEDED

DUSHANBE 00000977  001.2 OF 004

1.  (SBU)  SUMMARY:  Tajikistan's impoverished farmers owe over

$292 million in land and cotton debt.  The government,

international financial institutions and NGOs have long

recognized the problem and that solving it takes political will.

 Conflicting interests in the government have slowed reform, and

international donors need to cooperate more closely to make

progress.  The extent of the problem and gaps in current

solution plans mean there is room for the United States to play

a larger role in land reform.  Land reform, which includes

reducing land debt and empowering farmers, could significantly

reduce poverty in Tajikistan.   END SUMMARY.

THE INDEPENDENT COMMISSION'S FINDINGS

2.  (U)  During a Farm Debt Resolution Conference May 13,

Tajikistan's Independent Commission Working Group on farm and

cotton debt reported farmers' debts are increasing.  Total debts

amount to over $292 million.  The government established the

commission, led by Matlubkhon Davlatov the State Economic

Advisor to the President, to resolve Tajikistan's massive land

debt problem. Tthe Commission includes international financial

institutions and donors.  Commission representatives reminded

the audience the government is not to blame, but is taking

action to resolve the problem, namely caused by unscrupulous

investors, commonly referred to as "futures companies."

Investors typically write a "futures contract" with the farmers

for a minimum quantity of cotton calculated to repay the value

of inputs provided.  Investors supply farmers with in-kind

technical equipment including seeds and fertilizers at higher

than market prices, and typically charge 30% interest until the

cotton is sold 15 months later.  Investors are responsible for

marketing the cotton and return any surplus funds (usually none)

to the farmer.

3.  (U)  According to the commission, 85% of cotton farms are

not profitable. However, the government will attempt to

resuscitate farms because it believes cotton is an attractive

commodity on the world market.  Cotton is the largest

agricultural export in Tajikistan and its second largest export

overall.  Cotton is sent by rail from Tajikistan to Baltic

seaports, another inefficiency considering the closer markets of

Pakistan, India and China.

4.  (U)  A baseline study of farm debt ordered by the

independent commission shows, among farmers surveyed, the

average cotton farmer's salary is 129 somoni per month

(approximately $40) for the entire family.  Some families only

earn 73 somoni per month (approximately $23).  Farmers explained

the most serious economic problems they face are lack of funds,

debt accrued, lack of farm machinery and equipment, delayed

procurement of resources, and lack of water.

5.  (SBU)  The majority of farms report receiving instructions

from the local government on which cotton ginnery to use and how

much cotton they must produce.  Investors work closely with the

local government and sometimes instruct the local government how

to manage the farms.  In most cases, the investors also own the

gins, so farmers are instructed to use the companies' partner

gins.

6.  (SBU)  The government collects up to 30% of its state

revenues from taxes in the cotton sector. The commission called

on international assistance to relieve the debt.  One reason the

investors and local government have control over the farmer is

that each district has a tax quota it must deliver to the

central government.  Therefore, local governments want farmers

to use gins within the district to collect taxes and meet their

quota.  Local government officials have been known to destroy

farms that refuse to obey orders.

DUSHANBE 00000977  002.2 OF 004

7.  (U)  The study also reports 76% of farmers believe they

would be unable independently to sell their cotton harvest

themselves without investors.  These figures show the need for

low-interest loans and to provide technical assistance to

farmers to create business plans and skills to negotiate and do

business with investors to bring their products to the market.

On average, 59% of farmers have never heard of the independent

commission established to resolve the land debt crisis.  In some

districts, no farmers have heard of the commission.  Farmers are

uneducated and unaware of the comprehensive cotton business in

Tajikistan.

NEXT STEPS FOR DONORS

8.  (U)  USAID Country Director and PolOff have attended a

series of international donor meetings led by the Asian

Development Bank outlining next steps for the donor community.

Meeting participants, including the European Commission, the

International Monetary Fund, the International Financial

Corporation, the European Bank for Reconstruction and

Development and other diplomatic missions, support a unified

approach towards the government in order to implement change.

Prior to the independent commission's May 13 presentation, ADB

advisor Hans Woldring sent Davlatov a memorandum outlining areas

where progress has been made towards farm debt resolution, and

areas where additional donor assistance is needed.

9.  (U)  LAND USE CERTIFICATES:  Currently, the government owns

all land in Tajikistan.  Some donors, including the World Bank

and USAID, have been working with farmers to issue each farmer a

land-use certificate, which in the future would, it is hoped,

serve essentially as lease certificates showing the farmer has

irrevocable rights from the government to use the land.  Donors

also hope farmers will have the ability to pledge these land-use

certificates as lending collateral for new loans and for the

certificates to be tradable, thereby creating a land-use rights

market.  Local banks currently charge interest at upwards of 36%

to farmers and only for a two to three month period for cash

flow purposes.  Often banks require collateral, which farmers

are not able to provide.  Land-use certificates as collateral

would allow farmers to take out loans from the banks.  The

government does not want to privatize land, and donors should

make the government aware that allowing for tradable land-use

certificates does not require land privatization.

10.  (SBU)  NEW LAND REGISTRATION LEGISLATION:  One of the first

tasks for the donor community is to approach the Tajik

government to suggest redrafting land registration legislation.

A draft law may go to parliament in June, allowing the Ministry

of Justice (MOJ) to register buildings and other improvements on

land.  The State Land Committee currently registers all land and

 will continue to do so.   Having two agencies register land

parcels and buildings separately with no links between the two

databases would be expensive, inefficient, and non-transparent.

It would also make the property and potential land market more

difficult to manage.  Bill Kennedy of ARD/Checchi (USAID) is

advising the Tajik government on creating a system to register

immovable property and opposes giving the Ministry of Justice

registration authority.   In his opinion, the entire law needs

to be redrafted.  The Ministry of Justice does not have proper

expertise or resources to start a registration system.

(COMMENT:  Some donors fear MOJ officials may personally benefit

from the registration system, or use the mechanism as a

political tool.  END COMMENT.)

11.  (U)  A unified registration system, either under one agency

or through a common database, would mean a unified tax

collection system that would be cheaper and more efficient,

DUSHANBE 00000977  003.2 OF 004

thereby allowing the government  higher tax revenues.  Also, a

single land registry database would consolidate information,

allowing for easier access to more consistent information.  It

would limit the opportunities for corruption and reduce the

number of property disputes.  Overall, it would improve the

security of land tenure, giving private parties the confidence

to invest and further raise the government tax base and

facilitate&nbs

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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