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Выпуск-39

id: 77149

date: 9/5/2006 11:02

refid: 06DUSHANBE1650

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: CONFIDENTIAL

destination: 06DUSHANBE1641|06DUSHANBE309|06DUSHANBE419

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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 DUSHANBE 001650

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

SCA FOR DEUTSCH; NSC FOR MERKEL; E FOR HENGEL AND DUNCAN; EMBASSY MANILA PLEASE PASS TO ADB AMBASSADOR SPELTZ

E.O. 12958: DECL:  9/5/2016

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, ECON, EAID, EFIN, ENRG, TI, CH

SUBJECT: CHINESE MAKING BIG FOOTPRINT ON TAJIKISTAN'S INFRASTRUCTURE

REF: A) DUSHANBE  0419  B) DUSHANBE 0309  C) DUSHANBE 1641

CLASSIFIED BY: Tracey Jacobson, Ambassador, U.S. Embassy,

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1. (C)  SUMMARY:  With $637 million in low-interest credits for

roads, a tunnel and high voltage transmission lines, China has

positioned itself as Tajikistan's biggest and fastest-moving

foreign investor.  By funding key infrastructure projects, China

seeks to strengthen its ties with Tajikistan and help its

impoverished neighbor, as a safeguard for China's own border.

China's loan package falls within the framework of the

multilateral Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), but with

bilateral cooperation increasing, the Chinese are conscious of

how Russia may perceive their actions.  The United States cannot

compete with the scale of Chinese financing, but thus far

China's projects complement our own regional integration

strategy by developing key transportation and energy corridors.

We must ensure that despite the rhetoric of other SCO members

and observers such as Iran, China considers us an ally, not a

threat, in the region, with the same goal of stabilizing and

developing Tajikistan's economy.  END SUMMARY.

ROADS AND POWER LINES

2.  (SBU)  In a two-hour lunch with PolOff August 31, Chinese

Embassy Second Secretary Zheng Wei elaborated on the busy and

fruitful summer for Chinese-Tajik bilateral relations, starting

with the SCO meeting in June, and culminating in the first state

visit of a Chinese Premier September 11-14.  According to

contacts in the Energy and Transport ministries, China will

provide credits at two percent interest for three key projects:

--The Dushanbe-Khujand-Chanak road and Shahristan tunnel:

Combined with the Iranian-financed Anzob tunnel, slated to open

November 2006, refurbishment of this road to the northern Uzbek

border could cut travel time between Dushanbe and Tajikistan's

northern commercial capital Khujand by six hours.  The $296

million Chinese project will take two years to complete. After

the agreement was inked on June 15, Chinese diggers and

bulldozers from the company China Road were already widening the

sections closest to Dushanbe July 9.

-- South-North high-voltage transmission line:  The three-year

$281 million project will link Tajikistan's southern and

northern electricity grids, and establish a high-voltage

corridor to Kyrgyzstan that bypasses Uzbekistan.  Construction

will begin in September.

-- Lolazor-Khatlon 220 kV line.  The 90-km line will cost $60

million. The Chinese company China Theban Electric Apparatus

Stock Company Ltd. (CTEAS) will be the general contractor on the

Lolazor and South-North lines.

Zheng noted that Tajikistan took advantage of China's "very

special offer" of up to $900 million in low-interest loans to

SCO countries, where Kyrgyzstan made only modest requests, and

Kazakhstan, Russia and Uzbekistan "didn't need the help."

3. (C)  She dismissed press reports that China would finance a

DUSHANBE 00001650  002 OF 003

railroad project from China, through Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and

Afghanistan to a port in Iran. "The railroad is the Tajiks'

dream," she said. "They've proposed it, but we need to start

with the three projects on the table and then see about further

cooperation."  Zheng said the Chinese Premier's September 11-14

visit would piggyback on a SCO meeting in Dushanbe, but may also

lead to increased trade and cooperation agreements.

CAN'T BUY ME LOVE?

4.  (C)  Zheng asked PolOff if she had seen a recent article in

the Tajik press, naming Russia as Tajikistan's number one

investment partner.  Zheng wryly observed that half the article

praised Russian investment in Sangtuda-I and Rogun hydropower

stations, and called Russia Tajikistan's most reliable ally.

The second half of the article lumped together China, the United

States, Europe and other investors.  "An interesting point of

view," she smiled, noting China's loans eclipse all other

foreign aid. (NOTE:  Embassy staff have been unable to locate

the original article, although given the Russian-dominated media

in Tajikistan, such a pro-Moscow position would not be

surprising. END NOTE.)

5.  (C)  She wondered out loud whether Russia felt threatened,

but remarked the Chinese loans represented a new strategy of

increased bilateral engagement and an effort to ensure regional

stability with border countries. "China and Tajikistan are

neighbors, but this is the first official state visit from China

in Tajikistan's 15 year history.  We are paying more attention

now," she offered.

COMMENT:

6. (C)  The Chinese presence in Tajikistan is growing. In

addition to the road and power lines, the Chinese have made big

investments in telecommunications, and have increased exports of

consumer goods to Tajikistan.  Exchanges in multiple

sectors-defense, sports, education, political parties-suggest

Beijing is putting money behind its intentions to pay closer

attention to Tajikistan.

7.  (C)  Despite some raised eyebrows over the amount and terms

of the Chinese loans, most international donors in Dushanbe

agree the credits finance critical infrastructure projects that

would take years to get built through other programs.  The

International Monetary Fund (IMF) has some concerns Tajikistan

may start a cycle of debt taking (Reftel C).  Without

"meddlesome" safeguards and transparent tender practices, the

Chinese can start much faster than other donors, which teaches

the Tajiks the wrong lesson about attracting foreign investment

and economic assistance -- that it can come fast and cheap

without economic structural reforms.  China's credits have

raised Tajik expectations when dealing with the United States

and other international institutions and could cause Tajikistan

to look more and more to Beijing for assistance and investment.

DUSHANBE 00001650  003 OF 003

8.  (C)  The United States cannot compete with China in terms of

lending or investment.  Even forgiving the $17 million in debt

(a repeated Tajik request to the United States) would pale in

comparison.  However, it is a good sign that Tajikistan can find

substantial assistance from countries other than Russia.  If the

Chinese projects continue on schedule-and if Russia and Iran

continue to drag their heels on Rogun and Sangtuda-II hydropower

stations-China may become an influential counterforce.  We will

want to ensure that China understands that U.S. interest in the

region supports, not rivals, its own.  END COMMENT.

JACOBSON

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 77257

date: 9/6/2006 8:16

refid: 06DUSHANBE1654

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

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----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 001654

SIPDIS

SENSITIVE

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN, DRL

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KDEM, TI

SUBJECT: NINE WEEKS OUT: OSCE UNDECIDED ON ELECTION OBSERVERS IN

TAJIKISTAN

DUSHANBE 00001654  001.2 OF 002

1.  (U)  After a weeklong visit, the OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment

Mission (NAM) remains undecided on whether or not it will send a

full-scale observation mission for the November 6 presidential

election.  The NAM, comprised of three OSCE/ODIHR officials,

debriefed international missions August 31 on its findings which

will be formally published mid-September.  During its visit to

Tajikistan, the NAM met with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,

parliament, local government administrations in Qurgon-Teppa and

Kulob, and political party leaders.

2.  (SBU)  Government officials assured the NAM that Tajikistan

will officially invite OSCE observers.  They also told the NAM

that election regulations will ensure equal treatment for all

candidates.  The NAM reported it believes the present

administration has people with knowledge and experience

necessary to conduct a fair election if they actually obey

President Rahmonov's call for a fair election.  (COMMENT: At

this point, many people at the debriefing looked up and

snickered.  Although the top of the administration gives public

lip-service to a free and fair election, the consensus among the

audience was that the administration is not willing to expend

much energy to substantially improve the democratic election

process and curb corrupt election practices, especially at the

local level.  END COMMENT)

3.  (U)  Despite the NAM's positive meetings with the

government, the mission's indecision lies in the legislative and

election rules that restrict competition.  The OSCE expects to

send observers five weeks before the election, but the scope of

the mission remains unclear, with the following three possible

scenarios:

-- An Election Support Team with less than five election experts

could be sent to the local OSCE office to assist with monitoring

and reporting.  This is the most likely scenario if no candidate

emerges to run against Rahmonov or the OSCE deems that the rules

set by the Central Committee on Elections and Referenda do not

permit a level playing field.

-- A Limited Election Observation Mission would allow long-term

observers for internal OSCE reporting, but no short-term

observers for election day.

-- A Full-Scale Observation Mission would include long-term

observers as well as up to two hundred short-term observers

stationed throughout the country on the actual day of the

election.   OSCE/ODHIR would publish a report on the election as

it did for the 2005 Parliamentary Elections.

4.  (U)  At any time the OSCE could alter its decision to adapt

to changing circumstances.  For instance, if OSCE sent a limited

mission but the election suddenly became credibly competitive,

the OSCE would be prepared to train internationals already based

in Tajikistan as short-term observers.  Similarly, if it sent in

a full-scale mission, but the government cracked down on media

freedom or eliminated a candidate, the OSCE could respond

critically by withdrawing its observers.

5.  (U)   United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peacebuilding head

Ambassador Sotirov advocated strongly for a full-scale

observation mission with short-term observers.  A full mission

would signal to the people of Tajikistan that the international

community still maintains a watchful eye on the future of

democracy in Tajikistan and might encourage them to continue

election reform in the future.

6.  (U)  Without a full-scale mission including short-term

DUSHANBE 00001654  002.2 OF 002

observers, the OSCE will not publish its election observation

findings, leaving the field open to other observers, such as

those sent by the CIS, no matter how inaccurate or biased.  With

a full-scale mission, the OSCE would provide a legitimate and

thorough analysis to counter those reports.  Its constructive

criticism would send a clear message that Tajikistan needs to

strengthen its democratic processes and may help lay the

groundwork for future election reform.

7.  (U)  During the August 31 briefing the OSCE declared they

would send a mission, but appeared genuinely uncertain about the

type of mission.  Over the next several days the OSCE will

analyze the CCER decree and wait to see if anyone will run

against Rahmonov.  Political parties will announce potential

candidates fifty days prior to the election.

8.  (U)  COMMENT:  The Tajiks were clearly not pleased with the

OSCE's findings after the parliamentary elections in February

2005.  If the OSCE refrains from fielding a mission in order to

send a message that the presidential election is not free or

fair, that message will have little resonance inside Tajikistan.

 Tajik media, predominantly state-run and Russian-biased, would

be critical of the OSCE's inaction and could look to other CIS

observers more willing to bless a flawed process.  A full OSCE

mission will provide the best avenue for critique of

Tajikistan's unfair election and set the tone for future

elections.  END COMMENT.

JACOBSON

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 77317

date: 9/6/2006 13:30

refid: 06DUSHANBE1655

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----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 001655

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

SCA FOR FEIGENBAUM

E.O. 12958: DECL:  9/6/2016

TAGS: PREL, PGOV, ECON, ENRG, EAID, SNAR, KDEM, PHUM, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN: AMBASSADOR PRESENTS CREDENTIALS TO PRESIDENT

RAHMONOV

CLASSIFIED BY: Tracey Jacobson, Ambassador, State, STATE.

REASON: 1.4 (d)

Classified by Ambassador Jacobson.  Reason 1.4(d).

1.  (U)  SUMMARY.   On September 4, just one business day after

arriving at post, Ambassador Jacobson presented her credentials

to Tajik President Emomoli Rahmonov.  Rahmonov thanked the

United States for its support of counter terrorism and counter

narcotics efforts and said he looked forward to greater

assistance in economic development. He cited the U.S.-funded

bridge at Nizhniy Pyanj as an example of bilateral cooperation

that would benefit the region.  The government was eager to

accept the Ambassador's credentials so she could participate

officially in the September 9 Independence Day celebration and

the 2700th anniversary of President Rahmonov's home region,

Kulyab. END SUMMARY.

GREAT TIMING

2.  (U)  The Ambassador thanked the president for the

opportunity to present her credentials immediately after

arrival.  Rahmonov and some of his senior staff just returned

from meetings in Kazakhstan and were pressed for time, but were

intent to keep the appointment with the Ambassador.  While some

ambassadors are made to wait for several months before

presenting their credentials, the president remarked, it was

important that she be "one of the active members" among the

diplomatic corps at the upcoming Independence Day celebrations.

Rahmonov said the celebrations will show off the famous Tajik

hospitality, and good naturedly predicted the Ambassador would

much prefer Tajikistan to her former assignment in Turkmenistan.

 Note: For the 15th anniversary of independence, the government

will invite the diplomatic corps to a military parade, an

evening gala, and a trip to Kulyab on the president's airplane

to commemorate 2700 years of Tajik-Persian culture.

MEETING WITH THE PRESIDENT

3.  (U)  After the formal presentation of credentials, President

Rahmonov opened the conversation with the Ambassador by stating

that for Tajikistan, the relationship with the United States

"has always been and always will be" of paramount importance.

He said Tajikistan would never engage in any anti-Americanism.

The Ambassador said her core mission would be to further

strengthen America's relationship with the Tajik government and

the Tajik people.  She outlined a full range of common

interests, which she had discussed earlier with the foreign

minister in more detail, including regional integration, border

security, counter-terrorism, counter-narcotics, and economic

opportunities including hydropower.  She noted that a more

transparent economic environment was essential to attracting

investment.  Washington is keenly interested in the November 6

presidential elections, she said - how these elections are

conducted will be important not only for Tajikistan's image but

also for the development of the bilateral relationship.

4.  (C)  Rahmonov was most engaging when he broke from his

prepared text and reflected on the accomplishments of Tajikistan

since the early 1990s.  Dushanbe was dead; bread was rationed;

fathers and sons killed each other; Islamic flags flew over the

current parliament building.   He recounted some of the

atrocities he witnessed first hand as a "simple deputy,"

apologizing to the Ambassador for the indelicate descriptions.

Such memories, he said, ensure the Tajik people understand the

value of peace and stability, and ensure that Tajikistan will be

a staunch partner in counter-terrorism and counter-narcotics.

He recalled the late 1990s and the first anti-terrorism

operations in Afghanistan when the flow of drugs across the

border nearly tripled.  At that time he appealed for

international support citing the impact not only on Central

Asia, but on the wider global community, but his pleas were met

with skepticism and ignored.  Similarly, he lamented that his

offer directly to General Franks immediately after September 11,

2001 to provide a base at Kulyab for the anti-Taliban,

anti-terrorist operations in Afghanistan was rebuffed.

Positively, he recognized that the United States was first among

countries in providing humanitarian assistance to Tajikistan

throughout Tajikistan's 15 years of independence.

5.  (SBU)  To illustrate Tajikistan's role in the broader

Central Asian area, Rahmonov shared a Tajik proverb: "If your

neighbor is prospering, it will be fortuitous for you too."  He

spoke at length about the challenge of integrating Afghanistan

into the regional economy and referred to the U.S. Army Corps of

Engineer's bridge project as a major step toward Afghanistan's

DUSHANBE 00001655  002 OF 002

post-war development and Tajikistan's integration with the rest

of the world. Noting that it is only 1,600 kilometers to

Karachi, the bridge will help eliminate the long overland routes

to European seaports and transportation hubs.  To reach its

goals, he said, Tajikistan must cooperate with all "sincere

friends of Tajikistan" who have a role here, including those in

the Islamic world, India, Pakistan, China, Russia and European

countries.  In reference to Uzbekistan, the President mentioned

the deaths on the border as a result of landmines, but stopped

short of lambasting Karimov, expressing optimism that Tajikistan

and Uzbekistan could resolve their differences amicably.

6.  (U)  Rahmonov responded to the Ambassador's desire to see

the Tajik presidential elections approach international

standards, by noting his "firm position" that the November 6

presidential election should be open and transparent.  He

reported that during a recent address to parliament he

instructed all government structures to follow local laws and

international obligations.

7.  (U)  He noted that former Ambassador Hoagland left a new

embassy and he hoped that she would leave her own mark on

U.S.-Tajik relations.  As evidence of his sincere desire to work

closely with the United States, Rahmonov referred to his

attendance at the new embassy dedication during Ambassador

Hoagland's absence due to his Senate confirmation hearing.  He

pointed out that "no other Central Asian president would have

attended a dedication ceremony without the host Ambassador."

MEETING WITH FOREIGN MINISTER NAZAROV

8.  (SBU)  Prior to the credentials ceremony, the Ambassador met

with Foreign Minister Nazarov to preview her conversation with

the president, and to initiate a dialogue with the Foreign

Minister on the entire range of bilateral issues.  She

highlighted Washington's appreciation for Tajikistan's record in

anti-terrorism and anti-narcotics efforts, Secretary Rice's

strong interest in supporting the integration of Central and

South Asia, and the enormous opportunities for Tajikistan in the

energy sphere.  Tajikistan's ability to attract private

investors and business partners, she argued, will depend on

transparent practices and enforcement of the sanctity of

contracts.  Similarly, transparent conduct toward NGOs is

critical for continued U.S. assistance and the healthy

development of democracy.  The Ambassador raised the ongoing

case of Gerald Metals and recent government pressure on the

Portland-based NGO Mercy Corps International as issues she would

like to discuss at greater length with the Minister.

9.  (SBU)  Nazarov spent considerable time detailing the various

hydropower projects underway in Tajikistan.  He said that no

agreements were finalized at the recent Sochi EurAsEC summit and

was clear that Tajikistan would hold out for completing the

giant Rogun hydropower project according to its original

Soviet-era plans.  If Russian aluminum giant RusAl cannot find

financing for the full-scale version of the project, Tajikistan

will look elsewhere for partners. Nazarov remains optimistic

that the situation will be resolved and stated that 95 percent

of Afghanistan's energy needs could be met by Tajikistan in the

future.

10.  (U)  The Ambassador characterized the upcoming presidential

election as an excellent opportunity to signal a commitment to a

transparent democratic process meeting international standards.

A free and fair election, with open access to the media for the

political parties, would contribute to the prestige and

long-term stability of Tajikistan.  He agreed to meet with the

Ambassador soon, and regularly, in order to continue to discuss

these and other important issues.

11.  (SBU)  COMMENT:  While neither meeting offered anything

new, the Foreign Minister and President had both clearly crafted

their talking points to fit their perception of what we wanted

to hear.  The early credentials meeting was a positive sign, but

we will continue to emphasize that it is concrete action - on

the elections, business and civil society environments, and

security cooperation - that will keep Tajikistan in the

"Corridor of Reform.

JACOBSON

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 77457

date: 9/7/2006 10:18

refid: 06DUSHANBE1661

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----------------- header ends ----------------

C O N F I D E N T I A L DUSHANBE 001661

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR ISN/MNSA, SCA/CEN; NSC FOR MERKEL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  9/7/2016

TAGS: PREL, PARM, MARR, KNNP, UN, TI

SUBJECT: TAJIKISTAN CONSIDERS NUCLEAR FREE ZONE TREATY "OPEN AND

FLEXIBLE

REF: STATE 144180

CLASSIFIED BY: Tracey Jacobson, Ambassador, U.S. Embassy,

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

CLASSIFIED BY: Tracey Jacobson, Ambassador, U.S. Embassy,

Dushanbe, State.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (C)  Deputy Foreign Minister Yatimov said that Tajikistan

had not made a final decision about signing the Central Asian

Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (CANWFZ) agreement in Kazakhstan

September 8, and that they regarded the treaty as "open."  In a

90-minute meeting with DCM and PolOff September 6 (septel), he

acknowledged the U.S. position, conveyed by diplomatic note

September 1, but suggested that Tajikistan could sign the treaty

and still remain flexible to future drafts and changes.  Top

Tajik officials would meet later that evening to decide, but

Yatimov indicated Tajikistan would likely sign the agreement,

citing Tajikistan's commitments as a member of the Collective

Security Treaty Organization.

2.  (C)  Yatimov underscored his position that signing the

treaty still left the possibility to incorporate the United

States' proposed changes.  "It will be an open treaty," he

opined, "This is not the last version."  He noted he had

received demarches from "many others."   Mentioning specifically

Iran, Yatimov noted that the "fragile" situation in the region

meant it was important to sign now and make changes later.

3.  (SBU)  NOTE:  In coordination with post, the British

Ambassador and French Charge confirmed they sent written

demarches to the Tajik government concerning the CANWFZ

agreement September 4 and 5.  The Russian Embassy political

officer pulled aside DCM at the September 5 Uzbek Independence

day event to ask why Washington was so "hot-headed" about the

treaty.  END NOTE:

4.  (C) COMMENT:  Yatimov chose his words carefully, but seemed

inclined to support the treaty as part of their regional

security commitments.   END COMMENT.

JACOBSON

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

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date: 9/7/2006 10:27

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RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1529

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RUEHWR/AMEMBASSY WARSAW 0013

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 9924

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C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 DUSHANBE 001662

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN, DRL

E.O. 12958: DECL:  9/7/2016

TAGS: PGOV, PREL, KISL, KDEM, TI

SUBJECT: IRPT CONFIRMS KABIRI AS CHAIRMAN IN EMOTIONAL CONGRESS

CLASSIFIED BY: Tracey Jacobson, Ambassador, U.S. Embassy

Dushanbe, STATE.

REASON: 1.4 (b), (d)

1.  (U)  SUMMARY:  The Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan

(IRPT) confirmed Muhiddin Kabiri as its chairman during an

emotional political party congress with members still mourning

the loss of former chairman Said Abdullo Nuri.  The IRPT

delegates presented a united front and members gave impassioned

speeches, pledging to carry on Nuri's legacy.  After the

congress, Kabiri met with international representatives, where

he appeared visibly strained, which may reflect the pressures on

him from internal political strife and the risks of being a

popular "opposition" politician in Tajikistan.  END SUMMARY.

2.  (U)  The Islamic Renaissance Party unanimously elected

Acting-Chairman Muhiddin Kabiri to the position of Chairman for

a four-year term during a party congress meeting September 2.

The media, international missions, political scientists, and

other political parties joined the 236 delegates that convened

at IRPT headquarters in Dushanbe to witness this expected, yet

momentous change.   In a three-hour meeting, all congratulated

and praised Kabiri for his strong leadership.  Many expressed

confidence he would continue Nuri's dreams and establish a

greater role for the IRPT in Tajikistan.  The People's

Democratic Party of Tajikistan made a point of calling Kabiri

its friend and emphasized the two parties' "friendship" like

"the kind Nuri and Rahmonov had."  (Note: Rahmonov did not show

up at Nuri's funeral or pay respect to his family. END NOTE.)

3.  (U)  During Kabiri's acceptance speech, he declared he was

not ready to announce his political agenda.  He catered to the

party's love for Nuri and tried to champion Islamic rights, by

promising to continue Nuri's leadership and said that if people

support Islamic values, they should support the IRPT.  He was

humble and thanked the party for its trust in him and called on

party members to criticize him and supply him with advice.

4.  (U)  In addition to Kabiri's election, the party also voted

for a new high presidium and secretariat.  In a largely symbolic

move, the party elected Nuri's son Qori Muhammadjon Nuri to the

high presidium.  He is currently studying in France and did not

attend the congress.  At Kabiri's initiative, the congress also

unanimously voted for Muhammadsharif Himmatzoda as the IRPT's

spiritual leader.  Kabiri views Himmatzoda as a mentor and

recognizes the popular leader deserves an official position in

the IRPT.  Some in the press had pegged Himmatzoda to be the

next IRPT chairman, but an illness prohibits him from being

active.  IRPT members prayed for his health.

IRPT UNITED-IN PUBLIC AT LEAST

5.  (U)  Participants gave speeches congratulating Kabiri on his

election and praised him for being a fair, modern politician who

can lead the party forward.  Critics within the party have

commented Kabiri is too modern and eschews traditional Islamic

values.  In what may have been a planned campaign, several

conservative members of the party acknowledged rumors of a rift

and potential split in the party, and purposefully praised

Kabiri, admitting that his beardless appearance is of no

importance.  One remarked, "He has no beard, but this is not a

shortcoming.  Do not pay attention to his appearance, pay

attention to his heart."

6.  (U)  The party also dispelled rumors of other IRPT officials

competing for power by having them take the podium and speak in

DUSHANBE 00001662  002 OF 003

support of Kabiri.  One such official, Said Ibrohim Nazar, a

Kulobi who is the IRPT's Head of the Department of Culture, made

a pointedly short speech commending Kabiri for being a "rare

politician" who will take care of the party and implement Nuri's

dreams.

7.  (C)  Embassy sources say Nazar also allegedly traveled to

the Sughd region which has a strong IRPT support base and asked

delegates to vote for him as party chairman instead of Kabiri.

The Sughd members refused.  Prior to Nazar's visit, some members

from Sughd did not plan on traveling to Dushanbe for the party

congress because the expense would be too great for them.

Outraged by Nazar's proposal, they all wanted to show Kabiri

their loyalty and every one of them made the trip to Dushanbe,

despite financial hardship.  Realizing that Kabiri would win,

Nazar, along with IRPT Deputy Chairman Jaloliddin Mansurov, in a

heated discussion among the presidium, tried to convince the

party to elect Kabiri to only a one year term.  They reasoned

that Nuri only served three years out of his four year term and

the new chairman should only complete the last year of that

term.  They were unsuccessful.

THE CHAIRMAN'S FIRST OFFICIAL DUTY- LUNCH!

8.  (SBU) After the formal congress, attendees divided into

separate rooms for lunch.  Organizers announced that Kabiri

would have his first lunch as chairman with representatives from

international missions.  (COMMENT: This may not have been a

shrewd move on Kabiri's part, given past criticism from the

government that he is an "agent of the west" and his own party

members' concerns that he is too modern, too liberal and travels

too much instead of paying attention to internal party issues.

END COMMENT.)

9.  (U)  Attendees at the traditional Tajik lunch included

PolOff,  Ambassador Sotirov from the United Nations Tajikistan

Office of Peacebuilding, diplomats from the Iranian, Russian,

and Kazakh embassies and a senior political advisor from the

British Embassy.  The lunch was short, lasting less than twenty

minutes.  Kabiri looked visibly tired and acknowledged that

being IRPT chairman carried a lot of risk and responsibility.

He recognized the work ahead of him as the presidential election

draws closer.  Towards the end of September, the IRPT will

convene another congress and select a candidate to run in the

November 6 presidential election.  No date has been set yet for

the congress and no candidate announced.

10.  (C)  IRPT members tell Embassy sources that Kabiri traveled

to Poland one day after the congress on September 3 to

participate in international economic conferences and also to

undergo medical examinations.  Kabiri allegedly suffered from a

minor heart attack recently.

UNITED WE CRY, STILL MOURNING NURI'S DEATH

11.  (U)  On the heels of Nuri's death last month, each speaker

felt obligated to say a few words about Nuri's leadership and

his critical role in the peace process following the civil war.

At the mere mention of Nuri's name, several delegates would cry,

particularly if someone broke out in a poetry recital.  When

Kabiri stepped up to deliver his acceptance speech, he

symbolically placed flowers in front a gigantic wall sized

picture of Nuri and spoke reverentially about Nuri prompting the

entire room to break down in tears with all delegates loudly

weeping.

12.  (U)  The deference given to Nuri was overwhelming.  The

congress meeting at times appeared to be a memorial service for

DUSHANBE 00001662  003 OF 003

Nuri rather than a political party meeting electing a new

chairman.  Many spoke of IRPT members as "Nuri's followers" and

conferred upon him a saint-like status.

A WOMAN'S PLACE IS IN THE BACK OF THE ROOM

13.  (U)  Of the over 200 delegates at the congress, about fifty

were women.  Women hold positions in the IRPT as journal editors

and local officials of women's branches, but the congress did

not elect a single woman to the presidium or secretariat.

During the meeting, all women delegates sat in the back of the

room, silent in their hijabs.  None spoke during the congress,

unless specifically called on by a high official.  Occasionally,

a presidium member would call on a representative from the

women's section to speak on behalf of all the "sisters."

COMMENT

14.  (SBU) Although Kabiri promises to follow in Nuri's

footsteps, his modern leanings, savvy knowledge of international

affairs, and amicable personality will take the party to a

different level.  He will continue to preach Nuri's message of

tolerance and pluralism in the government, but may also be

inclined to reform the IRPT from within, granting more

significant roles for women and strengthening the moderate

branch of the IRPT.

15.  (C)  In the party's next congress, it will select a

candidate to run in the presidential election.  In past meetings

with PolOff, Kabiri has said that he does not want to run in the

election, but his party's desire and the call to duty, may

override his own personal wishes. For example, he had long

proclaimed no desire to become chairman, even when Nuri

personally requested it of him.

16.  (C)  The party managed to give off a strong united image

during the congress meeting.  Despite stories of rifts and

potential coups, most members still recognize that in order for

the party to survive, it must remain united at this point, at

least through the presidential election.  Even Nazar will not

want to create waves publicly, because he will likely compete

for the party's presidential candidate nomination.  If he is

unsuccessful in gaining his party's support once again, the

party may face real internal strife.

 END COMMENT.

JACOBSON

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 77609

date: 9/8/2006 10:03

refid: 06DUSHANBE1667

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

VZCZCXRO4822

RR RUEHLN RUEHVK RUEHYG

DE RUEHDBU #1667/01 2511003

ZNR UUUUU ZZH

R 081003Z SEP 06

FM AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8523

INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE

RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 1793

RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 1769

RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 1808

RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC

RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC

RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 9933

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 001667

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: ECON, EFIN, EINV, EAID, PGOV, EAGR, EIND, TI

SUBJECT: IT'S ALL RELATIVE: THE TAJIK TEXTILE BIZ

DUSHANBE 00001667  001.2 OF 002

1. (U)  SUMMARY:  Two major textile manufacturers in Tajikistan

have taken two different roads to success.  Tajik Textiles uses

its familial and political networks to succeed, while Giovani

Manufacturing features a glitzy, Western-style approach.

Although President Rahmonov's development program calls for

domestic processing of all Tajik cotton by 2015, foreign textile

companies operating in Tajikistan face severe challenges.

However, close contacts with local partners allow foreign

investors to navigate local laws and regulations, and more

importantly, provide access to the Tajik familial and political

networks crucial to every aspect of business operations in

Tajikistan.  END SUMMARY.

TAJIK TEXTILES-THE CITY IN A CITY

2. (U)  The Soviet-built Tajik Textiles factory rests on 76

hectares in central Dushanbe, processes 6,000 tons of cotton

each year, and employs 3,000 people.  The largest textile

company in Tajikistan, Tajik Textiles produces cloth fabric and

limited finished goods for domestic and export markets.

Finished goods include sheets and bedding, and also local

military uniforms.  In grand Soviet style, the company has its

own water, energy, and sewage resources, allowing the factory to

operate 24/7, every day of the year.  Several in-house

institutes provide specialized training for employees.

3.  (SBU)  General Director of Tajik Textiles Anvar Kurbanov

uses his extensive political and family connections to smooth

business operations for the privately-held company.  During a

meeting with EmbOffs, Kurbanov elaborated on his family

connections in the government, with cotton ginners, bankers, and

farmers.  In addition, during the civil war, Kurbanov and his

brothers fought actively on the side of pro-government forces.

Kurbanov proudly pointed out that 1,500 members of the People's

Democratic Party of Tajikistan work for Tajik Textiles.

Kurbanov credits his relatives and government with supplying

Tajik Textiles with "as much cotton as he needs."

BUILT IN A DAY

4.  (U)  The Tajik-Polish Joint Venture "TajPolText" sprang from

the ground in record time thanks to Kurbanov's extensive

networks.  Kurbanov first met with several Polish businesspeople

in Moscow two years ago at a textile exhibition.  At that time,

the Polish Embassy told its citizens "security in Tajikistan is

not so good and food is not so good and water is bad," causing

the investors to   delay their visit for 18 months.  After

Kurbanov traveled to Poland, they agreed that a group from

Poland would come to Tajikistan to negotiate the terms and

conditions for a joint venture.  Kurbanov arranged the group's

visas in a few hours.  Upon arrival in Dushanbe, they prepared

documents to register the venture at the Ministry of Justice in

one day.  In early 2006, the Polish company started importing

and installing equipment, and began operations in May.

5.  (U)  In a resourceful example of joint venture cooperation,

the Tajik and Polish companies each bring their comparative

advantage to the table.  TajPolText operates independently

within the Tajik Textiles factory.  The Polish side imports and

operates the equipment, trains local employees on its use, buys

the cotton, processes and packages the final product for export

to Europe.  Tajik Textiles supplies the factory space, energy

and water inputs, deals with taxes and customs and pesky

government regulators, and provides social benefits to the

employees.  Employees at Tajik Textiles earn on average

$100/month - much higher than the local norm.

ITALIAN STYLE IN TAJIKISTAN

6.  (SBU)  Kurbanov dished the dirt on the much-heralded

U.S.-Tajik "Giavoni" joint venture in Khujand.  According to

Kurbanov, the Italian (now U.S.-owned) company cheated the

government-owned partner when first starting up the joint

venture in the mid-1990's.  The Italian company inflated the

reported price of their investment, stating that $1.5 million in

equipment was worth $39 million.  The Italian's "$39 million"

investment bought the Italians' 50% share in the company.

Giovani asserts the $39 million figure is accurate and notes the

government has not contested it.  (COMMENT:  Using the same

trick, Tajik partners have been known to inflate the value of

land and equipment they bring to other joint ventures. END

COMMENT.)  The allegedly new equipment had already been used in

DUSHANBE 00001667  002.2 OF 002

Southeast Asia.  Giavoni recently sold some of its shares to a

third party, and played another shell game.  The third party

thought he was buying shares in the entire company, not

realizing he only bought shares in two of the five units of the

company.

7.  (U)  Employing 1,700 workers in the major northern

industrial center, Khujand-based Giavoni faces "normal"

interference with its business operations.  Giavoni produces

Carrera brand jeans for European markets.  However, Giavoni

struggles with the VAT on importing and re-exporting zippers and

buttons.  The government delays repayment of the VAT to Giavoni

often for months at a time.  Giavoni has postponed its plans to

open up a new factory until the government resolves this issue.

Meanwhile, $3 million in imported equipment for the new factory

waits in storage.

8.  (U)  COMMENT:  Kurbanov did not allow EmbOffs to see any of

the 56-acre Tajik Textiles factory.  His dilapidated offices

lack computers, and the company operates purely on personal

relationships.  The polished Giovani representatives enjoy

showing off their Italian-built factory that processes raw

cotton into fancy pants and corduroys for Western markets.

While both companies are succeeding in the Tajik market,

familial ties and personal relationships remain the preferred

and most hassle-free method for foreign companies seeking safe

passage through the Tajik straits.  END COMMENT.

JACOBSON

HOAGLAND

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 78015

date: 9/12/2006 11:31

refid: 06DUSHANBE1700

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination: 06STATE142147

header:

VZCZCXRO8031

RR RUEHDBU

DE RUEHDBU #1700/01 2551131

ZNR UUUUU ZZH

R 121131Z SEP 06

FM AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8563

INFO RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 9973

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 001700

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR NICOLAS FETCHKO, EB/CIP/BA

STATE FOR SCA/CEN

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: EAID, EINT

SUBJECT: DUSHANBE RESPONSE TO THE GLOBAL INTERNET FREEDOM TASK FORCE

REQUEST

REF: STATE 142147

1.  Embassy Dushanbe provides the following information in

response to the request by the Secretary's Global Internet

Freedom Task Force Request (REFTEL).  Internet availability in

Tajikistan remains extremely limited, particularly in remote

areas.  Programs that provide Tajik youth access to the Internet

are particularly valuable as a way to keep youth positively

engaged in society.  Through USAID, Embassy Dushanbe supports

the following 12 existing or planned projects that promote

access to, and use of, the Internet in Tajikistan.

Project Name:  Central Asian Program on AIDS Control in

Vulnerable Populations

Recipient:  Republican AIDS Center and the National Coordinating

Committee

Project Description:  To develop and test approaches and models

for increasing coverage of vulnerable HIV/AIDS populations.

IT Component:  Provision of 3 computers for the Republican AIDS

Center and web design for the National Coordinating Committee on

AIDS, TB, and Malaria.

FY 06 Funding:  4,600 USD

Project Name:  Zdrav Plus II

Recipient:  Six Central Rayon Hospitals under the Khatlon Health

Department

Project Description:  To improve internal hospital management,

statistic reporting, and implementation of health finance

reforms.

IT Component:  Provision of 6 computers and printers as well as

3 trainings on data analysis and computer programming.

FY 05 Funding:  8,000 USD

FY 06 Funding:  1,000 USD

Project Name:  Zdrav Plus II

Recipient:  Tajik State Medical University

Project Description:  To improve the quality of medical care by

promoting Evidence Based Medicine amongst medical students and

teachers.

IT Component:  Provision of 6 computers, 2 printers, 1 scanner

and internet connectivity.

FY 06 Funding:  7,000 USD

Project Name:  Zdrav Plus II

Recipient:  PGMI

Project Description:  Retraining family medicine specialists.

IT Component:  Provision of 2 computers, 1 copy machine, 1

printer, and 1 LCD projector.

FY 06 Funding:  4,300 USD.

Project Name:  Project HOPE

Recipient:  National TB Center

Project Description:  Project HOPE provided management to a

Gifts-in-Kind program to increase the capacity of the National

TB Center.  Direct funding came from State, but USAID funding

allowed for project management.

IT Component:  Provision of 7 computers as well as computer

training for 14 people.

FY 05 Funding:  3,500 USD

Project Name:  Alternatives to Conflict in Tajikistan

Recipient:  Economic Opportunity Centers (local NGOs)

Project Description:  Prevention of conflict by improving

employment opportunities.

IT Component:  Provision of basic computer training and internet

access and design for unemployed youth.

FY 05 Funding:  550,000 USD (project total)

FY 06 Funding:  550,000 USD (project total)

Project Name: Local Governance Initiative - II

Recipient:  Regional and district governments

Project Description:  Improving the professional level and

management capacity of local authorities.

IT Component:  Provision of computers, basic computer training,

accounting and spreadsheet software.

FY 05 Funding:  1,150,000 USD (project total)

FY 06 Funding:  1,150,000 USD (project total)

Project Name:  Media and Information Support Initiative

Recipient:  Independent TV Stations

Project Description:  Support to independent TV and radio

stations

IT Component:  Installation of internet equipment and access to

online international news and information.

FY 05 Funding: 860,000 (project total)

FY 06 Funding: 648,000 (project total)

Project Name: Participation, Education, and Knowledge

Strengthening Project (PEAKS)

Recipient:  Several schools and learning centers throughout the

country.

DUSHANBE 00001700  002 OF 002

Project Description:  Increasing awareness of teachers and

educators to computers, and ultimately to improve teaching

materials.

IT Component:  Provision of computers.

FY 05 Funding:  The project was fully funded with FY 2002 and

2003 supplemental funding.

FY 06 Funding:  The project was fully funded with FY 2002 and

2003 supplemental funding.

Project Name: Commercial Law Project

Recipient:  Supreme Court and High Economic Court

Project Description:  Support and Development of the Commercial

Legal Environment

IT Component:  Purchase and installation of computer and other

automation equipment, as well as training of all users and

purchase of software.

FY 05 Funding:  220,000 USD

Project Name: Commercial Law Project

Recipient: Ministry of Justice

Project Description:  Support and Development of the Commercial

Legal Environment

IT Component: USAID provided the registry with all necessary

equipment and technical assistance needed in order to establish

the registry office.

FY 06 Funding: 240,000 USD

Project Name:  Commercial Law Project

Recipient:  Ministry of Justice

Project Description:  Support and Development of the Commercial

Legal Environment

IT Component: Development and support of a legal database

(Adliya)

FY 00-05 Funding: 45,000 USD

FY 06 Funding: 20,000 USD

JACOBSON

=======================CABLE ENDS============================

id: 78188

date: 9/13/2006 11:30

refid: 06DUSHANBE1705

origin: Embassy Dushanbe

classification: UNCLASSIFIED

destination:

header:

VZCZCXRO1633

RR RUEHLN RUEHVK RUEHYG

DE RUEHDBU #1705/01 2561130

ZNR UUUUU ZZH

R 131130Z SEP 06

FM AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE

TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8568

INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE

RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC

RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC

RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA 1814

RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1815

RUEHRL/AMEMBASSY BERLIN 1759

RUEHIL/AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD 1811

RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 1772

RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 1701

RUEHNE/AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI 1796

RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS 1515

RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1533

RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC

RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE

RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1327

RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 1728

RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 1782

RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS 1084

RUEHWR/AMEMBASSY WARSAW 0016

RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 9980

----------------- header ends ----------------

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 DUSHANBE 001705

SIPDIS

SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/CEN, DS/DSS/ITA

E.O. 12958: N/A

TAGS: PGOV, ASEC, KDE

Источник: ИА "Авеста"
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